The Soviet Union (Советский Союз, in Russian, also known in English as the USSR) was a country which existed in eastern Europe and northern Asia between 1922 and 1991. It shared borders with Poland, Czechoslovakia, Finland, Turkey, Norway, Hungary, Romania, Iran, Mongolia, North Korea, Afghanistan and China. The capital city was Moscow. Other big cities in the USSR were St. Petersburg, Kiev and Minsk. The USSR was not a part of the European Union but since the country split up Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania have become EU members. The USSR's currency was called the Soviet Ruble.
The USSR consisted of the following present-day countries: Russia, Georgia, Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan. The USSR also occupied the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania between World War II and the break up of the Soviet Union but most countries considered the occupation to be illegal.
The Soviet Union's History
The 1917 October Revolution overthrew the provisional Russian government and the tsar monarchy and revolutionaries led by the Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin took control.
The Soviet Union's Geography
The Soviet Union was the world's biggest country. Today, Russia remains the biggest country in the world. The Soviet Union spread from central Europe to the far east of Asia. West to east was over 10,000 kilometres and the country contained 11 time zones.
The USSR's highest mountain, at 7,496 metres, was Communism Peak (now known as Ismail Samani Peak, in Tajikistan).
The Soviet Union's People
In 1991 there were 294,000,000 people in the USSR, 51% of whom were ethnic Russians who speak the Russian language, the official language if the country. Other common languages included Ukrainian, Georgian, Kazakh, Armenian and Azerbaijani.
The Soviet Union's Sights
There were many UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the USSR: Red Square and the Kremlin in Moscow, L'viv in Ukraine and many others. Because of the Cold War few tourists visited the Soviet Union until the end of communism.