Last modified on 6 February 2012, at 15:31

User:Hannes Röst/postfix

Postfix is a free and open-source mail transfer agent (MTA) that routes and delivers electronic mail. You can use postfix for example to

  • receive email from a local program that wants to send email
  • receive email over SMTP (from an email client or from another server)
  • decide what to do with that email (e.g. deliver it locally or relay it to yet another server)
  • process it in a number of ways

=> See Postfix Overview for a good overview over the way a message takes when processed through postfix.

The /etc/postfix/main.cf file stores site specific Postfix configuration parameters while /etc/postfix/master.cf defines daemon processes. The Postfix Basic Configuration tutorial covers the core settings that each site needs to consider.

Basic setupEdit

The Postfix Documentation or the Ubuntu:Postfix main page are good places to start.

FAQEdit

How do I switch between mbox and maildir?Edit

The slash after the directory in /etc/aliases says whether mbox or maildir should be used.

#/etc/aliases
# use a maildir
testuser:      /var/mail/testuser/
# use a mbox
othertestuser:      /var/mail/othertestuser

How do I relay all undeliverable mailEdit

This creates a "catch-all" address for local relay if no user can be found to relay the mail to (main.config)

# /etc/postfix/main.cf 
#relay all UNDELIVERABLE email to me@domain.com
luser_relay = me@domain.com
local_recipient_maps =

How to use 2 or more content filtersEdit

http://www.irbs.net/internet/postfix/0506/2195.html

Try to do that:

Postfix:25 -> ClamAV:10025 -> Postfix:10026 -> dspam:10000 -> Postfix:10027

using those commands: http://www.irbs.net/internet/postfix/0506/2198.html

Reading: http://www.postfix.org/FILTER_README.html


unanswered forum thread: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1318718


How do I add a mail filter (e.g. sieve) to a postfix / dovecot setup?Edit

see here http://koansys.com/tech/sieve-server-side-mail-filtering-with-postfix-dovecot

How do I allow one person to send emails for another person?Edit

smtp_generic_maps is a possible solution here since it only rewrite outgoing email.

Create a user, e.g. called send_for_xxx and give it a username/pw. Then use the smtp_generic_maps entry in main.cf

# main.cf
smtp_generic_maps = hash:/etc/mail/generic

to add a rewrite of the sender email address:

#/etc/mail/generic
send_for_xxx:       xxx@domain.org

see also http://www.postfix.org/ADDRESS_REWRITING_README.html and http://www.postfix.org/postconf.5.html#smtp_generic_maps

ResourcesEdit