A graph of . is defined as .

A graph of . is defined as .

A graph of . is defined as .

A graph of . is defined as or .

Note that , , and are unbounded, positive or negative. While (and ) can take any value, and can never lie between -1 and 1.

A graph of . is defined as .

A graph of . is defined as .

A graph of . is defined as .

A graph of . is defined as or .

Note that , , and are unbounded, positive or negative. While (and ) can take any value, and can never lie between -1 and 1.