Last modified on 26 July 2013, at 12:08

Swedish/Lesson 2

DialogueEdit

Hans - a German tourist - is driving through Skåne in southern Sweden with his caravan looking for a place to stay the night. He meets Johan - a local Swedish farmer.

Hans: Ursäkta mig. Vet du var husvagnscampingen ligger?
English: Excuse me. Do you know where the caravan camp is located?


Johan: Ja, det är bara att följa den här vägen 5 kilometer och sedan svänga åt vänster.
English: Yes, just follow this road for 5 kilometers and then turn left.


Hans: Tack så mycket! Jag har letat i flera timmar.
English: Thank you very much! I have been looking for several hours.


Johan: Det är ingen fara. Fin husvagn förresten. Varifrån kommer du?
English: Don't worry about it. Nice caravan by the way. Where are you from?


Hans: Jag kommer från Tyskland och är här i Sverige på semester över sommaren, som du kanske förstod.
English: I'm from Germany and I'm here in Sweden on vacation during the summer, as you might have imagined.


Johan: Jo, det är ju många tyskar som kommer hit under sommaren.
English: Yes, there are many Germans coming here during the summer.


Hans: Kanske för att Sverige är så underbart. Hur som helst måste jag åka nu. Tack så mycket för hjälpen igen!
English: Maybe because Sweden is so wonderful. Anyhow I have to go now. Thanks so much for the help again!


Johan: Ha en trevlig semester. Hej då!
English: Have a pleasant vacation. Good bye!

TravellingEdit

Travelling in Sweden is easy. Most people understand and speak good English. Some people are also skilled in German, French, Spanish, and Finnish. Most Swedes can easily understand Norwegian and well articulated Danish.

The biggest railway company is Statens Järnvägar (State Railroads).

The dominating airline company is Scandinavian Airlines (SAS). SAS is a member of Star Alliance.

There are also buses travelling all over the country. The biggest provider of long distance bus travel is Swebus Express.

DrivingEdit

In Sweden, driving is done on the right side of the road. For some rules and regulations, see Vägverket (Swedish Road Administration). You can drive freely for one year on a valid non-Swedish driving licence, and forever if you have a driving licence from an EEA country. Swiss or Japanese drivers’ licences can be exchanged for a Swedish licence for permanent residents.

Use of public transportation (like bus or train) is encouraged. In Stockholm, there is a new charge for motorists to reduce congestion on the streets (see The Local).

Allemansrätten - All People's RightEdit

In Sweden, one is allowed to walk in forests and fields and pick berries, mushrooms and flowers, even if it is on private property. This is in Swedish called 'allemansrätten'. There are some restrictions, which mostly fall under rules of politeness. For instance, one should not camp directly in another's front yard, nor can one light a fire if fire restrictions are in effect. You should not pick flowers that are rare or planted. You can camp one night on another's land. This right does not extend to littering or bothering the animals, and you must pack out everything you take in, and only take fallen wood for a fire.

CurrencyEdit

The currency in Sweden is the Swedish krona (SEK) and öre, where 100 öre is 1 SEK. Öre are no longer used if paying cash. The exchange rate is about 8-9 SEK for 1 €. Many Swedes will use the word "crowns" for their currency, since that is the literal translation for kronor. To get cash in Sweden is easy, visit the closest ATM (called Bankomat or Minuten) with your VISA, MasterCard or similar.

The coins of less value than the 1 SEK are no longer used, however, you will still see prices such as 11 kronor 90 öre, but these prices are rounded upwards.

VocabularyEdit

  • En bil - A car
  • Ett tåg - A train
  • En järnvägstation - A train station
  • En buss - A bus
  • En biljett - A ticket
  • En maskin - A machine
  • En biljettmaskin - A ticket machine
  • En karta - A Map
  • En bilkarta - A Roadmap

As you can see, words can quite easily be put together to form new words. One difference from English is that in Swedish you don't separate the words, you write "en bilkarta", not "en bil karta". Writing it with a space is called "särskrivning", literally "separate writing", and should be avoided as it's incorrect.

GrammarEdit

This is some short introductory grammar to the definite form in Swedish. For a more complete guide, look at the page about nouns.

SingularEdit

To make a word into definite form, you add letters to the end of the word and remove the "en" or "ett" from before it. To do this, first you have to know if it's "en" or "ett". In most cases, not always though (I'll come back to this), you simply add a "n" to "en"-words, and a "t" to "ett"-words if they end with a vowel. If they end with a consonant, you do the same thing, but add an "e" between the word and the ending.

  • En bil -> Bilen
  • Ett hus -> Huset
  • En karta -> Kartan

PluralEdit

Plural isn't as easy, as there's five "declensions". These you simply have to learn, but when you've read and spoken Swedish for a while, you won't have any trouble with it, you'll simply know when to use a certain ending. For now, ask a Swede, or look the word up in a dictionary. More on the declensions here (link to wikipedia).