Spanish by Choice/SpanishPod newbie lesson A0041


Cheers!


Introduction

Here is a true story: the first time I tried to say “cheers” in Spanish, I said “que aproveche,” which means “enjoy your meal” and is just wrong when everyone is drinking instead of eating. Well, it's from our mistakes that we learn. And from JP and Liliana, of course. The keyword of this lesson is: felicidades – congratulations.

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Audio Lesson


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Dialogue

mujer: ¡Toma una copa!
hombre: ¿Por qué brindamos?
mujer: Por mi nuevo trabajo.
hombre: ¡Felicidades!
mujer: ¡Salud!
hombre: ¡Salud!
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Dialogue with Translation

mujer: ¡Toma una copa!
(you) take a drink
woman: Take a drink!
hombre: ¿Por qué brindamos?
why (we) toast
man: What are we toasting to?
mujer: Por mi nuevo trabajo.
to my new job
woman: To my new job.
hombre: ¡Felicidades!
congratulations
man: Congratulations!
mujer: ¡Salud!
health
woman: Cheers!
hombre: ¡Salud!
health
man: Cheers!
brindar – to toast
la copa – the drink

Vocabulary for Dialogue

la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
el hombre noun (masculine) the man
tomar verb (infinitive) to take, drink
(tú) toma verb (imperative) (you) take! (informal, singular)
un/una article (m./f.) a
la copa noun (feminine) the drink
¿por qué? adverb why?
brindar verb (infinitive) to toast
(nosotros/-as) brindamos verb (present tense) we toast
por preposition to, for, because of
mi adjective (m./f.) my
nuevo/nueva adjective (m./f.) new
el trabajo noun (masculine) the job, the work
¡felicidades! phrase congratulations!
¡salud! phrase cheers!
la salud noun (feminine) the health
la salud – the health

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

querer verb (infinitive) to want
(tú) quieres verb (present tense) you want (informal, singular)
¿Quieres una copa? phrase Do you want a drink?
feliz adjective (m./f.) happy
¡arriba, abajo, al centro, pa' dentro! phrase up, down, to the center, inside!
hasta luego phrase see you later
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More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

tomar infinitive to take
¡(tú) toma! imperative (you) take! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) tome! (you) take! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) tomemos! (let's) take! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) tomad! (you) take! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) tomen! (you) take! (formal, plural)
 
brindar infinitive to toast
(yo) brindo present tense I toast
(tú) brindas you toast (informal, singular)
(él/ella) brinda he/she(/it) toasts
(usted) brinda you toast (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) brindamos we toast (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) brindáis you toast (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) brindan they toast (m./f.)
(ustedes) brindan you toast (formal, plural)
 
mi possessive adjective my
mis poss. adjective (plural) my
tu possessive adjective your (informal, singular)
tus poss. adjective (plural) your (informal, singular)
su possessive adjective his/her(/its)/their
sus poss. adjective (plural) his/her(/its)/their
su possessive adjective your (formal)
sus poss. adjective (plural) your (formal)
nuestro/nuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) our
nuestros/nuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) our
vuestro/vuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) your (informal, plural)
vuestros/vuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) your (informal, plural)
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Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Translate from Spanish to English. Click each bar to check your answer. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¡Toma una copa!

Take a drink!

¿Por qué brindamos?

What are we toasting to?

Por mi nuevo trabajo.

To my new job.

¡Felicidades!

Congratulations!

¡Salud!

Cheers!

¡Salud!

Cheers!

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Take a drink!

¡Toma una copa!

What are we toasting to?

¿Por qué brindamos?

To my new job.

Por mi nuevo trabajo.

Congratulations!

¡Felicidades!

Cheers!

¡Salud!

Cheers!

¡Salud!

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Do you want a drink? Take (it)!

¿Quieres una copa? ¡Toma!

Why?

¿Por qué?

We drink to my new job.

Brindamos por mi nuevo trabajo.

Congratulations!

¡Felicidades!

Cheers!

¡Salud!

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Take a drink! (formal)

¡Tome una copa (usted)!

What are you toasting to? (formal)

¿Por qué brinda (usted)?

To your new job. (formal)

Por su nuevo trabajo.

Congratulations!

¡Felicidades!

Cheers!

¡Salud!

Cheers!

¡Salud!


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Last modified on 26 February 2010, at 22:24