Spanish by Choice/SpanishPod newbie lesson A0004


She's not Mexican


Introduction

Talking about others can be a lot of fun. To get started, JP and Liliana show us how to talk about the nationality of someone. Keywords are ¿Cómo se llama? – What's his/her name?, mexicana – Mexican (woman/girl), and guatemalteca – Guatemalan (woman/girl).

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Audio Lesson


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Dialogue

hombre: ¿Cómo se llama tu amiga mexicana?
mujer: Se llama Tatiana. Pero no es mexicana. Es guatemalteca.
hombre: ¿De verdad? ¿De qué parte de Guatemala?
mujer: De Antigua.
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Dialogue with Translation

hombre: ¿Cómo se llama tu amiga mexicana?
how herself (she) calls your friend Mexican
man: How does your Mexican friend call herself?
mujer: Se llama Tatiana. Pero no es mexicana. Es guatemalteca.
herself (she) calls Tatiana but not (she) is Mexican (she) is Guatemalan
woman: She calls herself Tatiana. But she is not Mexcian. She is Guatemalan.
hombre: ¿De verdad? ¿De qué parte de Guatemala?
really from what part of Guatemala
man: Really? From what part of Guatemala?
mujer: De Antigua.
from Antigua
woman: From Antigua.
Antigua, Guatemala

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
¿cómo? adverb how?
se reflexive pronoun himself/herself/itself
llamarse verb (infinitive) to call oneself, to be called
(élla) se llama verb (present tense) she calls herself, she is called, her name is
tu possessive adjective your (informal, singular)
la amiga noun (feminine) the friend
el amigo noun (masculine) the friend
mexicano/mexicana adjective (m./f.) Mexican
Tatiana noun (feminine) Tatiana
pero conjunction but
no adverb not
ser verb (infinitive) to be
(él/ella) es verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
guatemalteco/guatemalteca adjective (m./f.) Guatemalan
de verdad phrase really
de preposition from, of
¿qué? interrogative pronoun what?, which?
la parte noun (feminine) the part
Guatemala noun (feminine) Guatemala
Antigua noun (feminine) Antigua

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

(tú) te llamas verb (present tense) you call yourself, your name is (informal, singular)
¿Cómo te llamas? phrase How do you call yourself? What is your name?
Volcán de Agua noun (masculine) Volcán de Agua (Volcano of Water)
panameño/panameña adjective (m./f.) Panamanian
colombiano/colombiana adjective (m./f.) Colombian
brasileño/brasileña adjective (m./f.) Brazilian
americano/americana adjective (m./f.) American
estadounidense adjective (m./f.) (US) American
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More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

me reflexive pronoun myself
te yourself (informal, singular)
se himself/herself(/itself)
se yourself (formal, singular)
nos ourselves, each other
os yourselves, each other (informal, plural)
se themselves, each other
se yourselves, each other (formal, plural)
 
llamarse verb (infinitive) to call oneself, to be called
(yo) me llamo verb (present tense) I call myself
(tú) te llamas you call yourself (informal, singular)
(él/ella) se llama he/she(/it) calls himself/herself(/itself)
(usted) se llama you call yourself (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) nos llamamos we call ourselves (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) os llamáis you call yourselves (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) se llaman they call themselves (m./f.)
(ustedes) se llaman you call yourselves (formal, plural)
 
mi possessive adjective my
mis poss. adjective (plural) my
tu possessive adjective your (informal, singular)
tus poss. adjective (plural) your (informal, singular)
su possessive adjective his/her(/its)/their
sus poss. adjective (plural) his/her(/its)/their
su possessive adjective your (formal)
sus poss. adjective (plural) your (formal)
nuestro/nuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) our
nuestros/nuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) our
vuestro/vuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) your (informal, plural)
vuestros/vuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) your (informal, plural)
 
ser infinitive to be
(yo) soy present tense I am
(tú) eres you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) es he/she(/it) is
(usted) es you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) somos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sois you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) son they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) son you are (formal, plural)
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Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Translate from Spanish to English. Click each bar to check your answer. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¿Cómo se llama tu amiga mexicana?

How does your Mexican friend call herself?

Se llama Tatiana. Pero no es mexicana. Es guatemalteca.

She calls herself Tatiana. But she is not Mexcian. She is Guatemalan.

¿De verdad? ¿De qué parte de Guatemala?

Really? From what part of Guatemala?

De Antigua.

From Antigua.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

What's the name of your Mexican friend?

¿Cómo se llama tu amiga mexicana?

Her name is Tatiana. But she isn't Mexican. She is Guatemalan.

Se llama Tatiana. Pero no es mexicana. Es guatemalteca.

Really? From which part of Guatemala?

¿De verdad? ¿De qué parte de Guatemala?

From Antigua.

De Antigua.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

What's the name of your friend (masculine)?

¿Cómo se llama tu amigo?

My friend?

¿Mi amigo?

Your friend from Guatemala.

Tu amigo de Guatemala.

He's not Guatemalan.

No es guatemalteco.

Really? Is he Panamanian?

¿De verdad? ¿Es panameño?

No, he's not Panamanian.

No, no es panameño.

He is Colombian, isn't he?

Es colombiano, ¿no?

No, he's not Colombian.

No, no es colombiano.

Is he from Mexico?

¿Es de México?

No, he's not Mexican.

No, no es mexicano.

But from which part of America is he?

¿Pero de qué parte de América es?

He is US American.

Es estadounidense.

Really? What's his name?

¿De verdad? ¿Cómo se llama?

His name is John.

Se llama John.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

What's the name of your Mexican friends? (formal)

¿Cómo se llaman sus amigos mexicanos/amigas mexicanas?

Their names are Tatiana, ... But they aren't Mexican. They are Guatemalan.

Se llaman Tatiana, ... Pero no son mexicanos/mexicanas. Son guatemaltecas/guatemaltecos.

Really? From which part of Guatemala?

¿De verdad? ¿De qué parte de Guatemala?

From Antigua.

De Antigua.


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Last modified on 20 July 2010, at 12:47