Lesson 2 - Introducing youselfEdit
Please take a look at how Ana might introduce herself:
- Imenijm Ana. Ja es ucxnik.
imenit - name (verb, "to be named") ja - I es - to be ucxnik - student
Ana introduced herself with "imenijm Ana", meaning "my name is Ana". Imenijm is the first person singular form of the verb imenit in the present tense. In this case, it was unnecessary to use personal pronoun ja (I), as it would be in most Slavic languages, as it is assumed that subject is "ja" from the verb suffix -ijm.
Verb conjugation (delaslovju koniugenie)Edit
Verbs are conjugated by adding a suffix to the stem of the word. Stems are formed by removing the infinitive ending -t (if the stem ends in o), -it (if it ends in a consonant) or -vit (if it ends in a, e, i or u). The verb endings for the present tense are: ijm, ijsx, ijt, ime, ite and ijut, if the word ends in a consonant as seen in this example:
|imenijm||my name is|
|imenijsx||your name is|
|imenijt||her, his, its name is|
|imenime||our name is|
|imenite||your (plural) name is|
|imenijut||their name is|
So, for example:
Mlodic imenijt Dusxan. - Boy is named Dushan. (literal translation)
Imenime Vikibuks. - Our name is Wikibooks.
Words that end in a vowel lose i in the ending, so the endings are: -jm, -jsx, -jt, -me, -te and -jut. The use of i in such cases is optional, but it is easier to omit it. For example: delat (to work), would be delajm, delajsx, delajt, delame, delate or delajut.
Pronouns in Slovio appear in three forms:
- Subject (nominative)
This is a table of pronouns when they are in the subject position:
|Please take a look at to. It is a gender neutral form of third person singular, and can be used to designate either he, she or it. Plural equivalent, oni is also gender neutral.|
Verb 'to be' (delaslov 'but')Edit
Conjugation of the verb 'to be' in slovio is very easy, it is es in every case. If the verb is used without a pronoun, verb personal ending (see above section) is added to the stem es.
|ja es||I am||esijm|
|ti es||you are||esijsx|
|to es||he/she/it is||esijt|
|on es||he is||esijt|
|ona es||she is||esijt|
|ono es||it is||esijt|
|mi es||we are||esime|
|vi es||you are||esite|
|oni es||they are||esijut|
For example, Ana said:
- Ja es ucxnik.
Meaning I am a student. She also could have said Esijm ucxnik.