Lesson 1 - Alphabet and pronunciationEdit
The Slovio language can be written either using Latin alphabet based on English, which is purely ASCII, or using a cyrillic alphabet, which is based on Russian. This guide will mostly use the Latin alphabet for simplicity and not to overwhelm learners, but you should familiarize yourself with cyrillic as well. This is the basic Slovio alphabet, both in Latin and the corresponding cyrillic:
A B C Cx D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S Sx T U V Z Zx А Б Ц Ч Д Е Ф Г Х И Й К Л М Н О П Р С Ш Т У В З Ж
a b c cx d e f g h i j k l m n o p r s sx t u v z zx а б ц ч д е ф г х и й к л м н о п р с ш т у в з ж
cx, sx, and zx are always represented by two characters in conjunction and form only one letter each.
Vowels are pronounced the same way they would be in German or Polish.
As in most Slavic languages, r should be rolled.
J is used only in some cases:
- When j sound is at the beginning of the word.
- In suffixes like -ju, -just, etc.
Otherwise, i is used to represent that sound.
Slovio also includes several optional letters, mainly for expressing sounds of foreign words:
- Gx Wx X
- Дж Щ Кс
Gx is used to present the sound that would be formed by "dzx", as in George. Wx is used to present the "sxcx" sound, as in Yushchenko. X, if used apart from cx, sx or zx, is equivalent to "ks", as in box.
Pronunciation and stressesEdit
In cases of vowel combination (like ai, oi, io, uo, etc.) it is recommended to pronounce the combination as one diphthong.
It is recommended to accent the penultimate syllable (the syllable before the last one).