Last modified on 23 December 2012, at 16:53

Punjabi/Writing lessons plan

Teaching the Gurmukhi scriptEdit

Let's try to create some great lessons, which will make it really easy to learn to read/write the Gurmukhi script. The idea is to introduce one letter at a time and to provide plenty of exercises after each letter. The best kind of exercise allows students to read a new word and immediately understand the meaning. This makes them feel very successful and it motivates them.

This teaching method has been successfully used for Greek (see the Modern Greek wikibook) and Korean . Let's use it for Punjabi now!

This page is for preparation.
Step 1: Collect a lot of Punjabi words, names or place names that are immediately understandable to the average English speaker
Step 2: Use this list to devise a good order of introduction for the letters
Step 3: Create the actual lessons

Right now we are at step 1, so let's collect suitable words and names!

Recognizable Punjabi words and namesEdit

ਓਰੇਕਲ = oracle
ਓਕੇ = OK
ਉਲਿੰਪਕ = Olympic
ਆਫਿਸ = office
ਆਪਰੇਸ਼ਨ = operation
ਆਰਡਰ = order
ਆਕਸੀਜਨ = oxygen
ਆਮਲੇਟ = omellete
ਅਕਤੂਬਰ = October
ਅਲਮਾਰੀ = almirah
ਅਕੈਡਮੀ = academy
ਆਊਸ = ounce
ਇੰਜਨ = engine
ਇੰਨਜੀਨੀਅਰ = engineer
ਸਕੂਲ = school
ਸੂਟ = suit
ਸਕਿੰਟ = second
ਸਵਿਚ = switch
ਸਲੰਡਰ = Cylinder
ਸਟੇਜ = stage
ਸਕੂਟਰ = scooter
ਸਾਇਕਲ = cycle
ਹੀਰੋ = hero
ਹੁਕ = hook
ਹਾਕੀ = hockey
ਹੈਂਡਲ = handle
ਹੋਟਲ = hotel
ਕੋਟ =coat
ਕੋਨਾ = kona (corner)
ਕੰਪਿਊਟਰ = computer
ਕੱਟ = cut
ਕੱਪ = cup
ਕੋਇਲਾ = coal
ਕੰਪਨੀ = company
ਕੇਤਲੀ = ketly (kettle)
ਕੈਂਸਰ = cancer
ਕੈਪਸੂਲ = capsule
ਕ੍ਰਿਕਟ = cricket
ਕਲੱਬ = club
ਕੈਮਰਾ = camera
ਕਲਿਪ = clip
ਖਾਕੀ = khaki (color
of police uniform)
ਗੇਟ = gate
ਗੈਸ = gas
ਗਲਾਸ = glass
ਗਰਾਮ =gram
ਗਲੂਕੋਜ = glucose
ਚੈਰੀ = cherry
ਚੀਤਾ = cheetah
ਚੱਟਨੀ = chutney
ਚੈੱਕ = cheque
ਜੱਜ = jaj (judge)
ਜੌਕਰ = joker
ਜੰਗਲ = jungle
ਜੇਲ = jail
ਜੈਮ = jam
ਟੌਪ = top
ਟਾਂਗਾ = tonga
ਟਾਈਮ = time
ਟਰੱਕ = truck
ਟਰੈਕਟਰ = tractor
ਟੂਰਨਾਮੈਂਟ = tournament
ਡੈਸਕ = desk
ਡਰਾਈਵਰ = driver
ਡਾਲਰ = dollar
ਢਾਕਾ = Dhaka
ਤਾਜ = Taj
ਨਿਬ = nib
ਨੋਟ = note
ਪਜਾਮਾ = pyjamma
ਪਾਸ = pass
ਪੌਊਡਰ = powder
ਪੈੱਨ = pen
ਪਿਨ = pin
ਪਲੇਟ = plate
ਪਲਾਸਟਿਕ = plastic
ਪੇਪਰ = paper
ਪ੍ਰੋਗਰਾਮ = programme
ਪੌਲਿਸ਼ = polish
ਪੋਲੀਸ = police
ਪੌਂਡ = Pound
ਫੇਲ = fail (fail)
ਫੋਨ = phone
ਫੁਟਬਾਲ = football
ਫੁਟ = foot
ਬੇਰ = ber (berry)
ਬੱਸ = bus (bus)
ਬੋਰਡ =board
ਬਿਸਕੁਟ = biscuit
ਬਲਬ = bu;b
ਬੱਗੀ = buggy
ਬੂਟ =boot
ਬੋਤਲ = bottle
ਬਟਨ = button
ਬੈਂਕ = bank
ਬੁਰਸ਼ = brush
ਮੈਂਬਰ = member
ਮਿੰਟ = minute
ਮੀਟਰ = meter
ਮੋਟਰ ਸਾਈਕਲ = motor cycle
ਰਾਜਾ = raja (rajah)
ਰੇਡੀਓ = radio
ਰਿਪੋਰਟ = report
ਲੁੱਟ = lut (loot)
ਲਾਵਾ = lava
ਵੈਲਡਿੰਗ = welding

(please add more here!)

I have added a few more words above - Jaspal Singh 02:38, 22 July 2008 (UTC)

Names and words that are probably recognizableEdit

ਓਸਲੋ = Oslo
ਅਮਾਨ = Amman
ਆਬਾ = ABBA (the band)
ਅੰਨਾ = Anna (name)
ਇਰਾਨ = Iran
ਇਰਾਕ = Iraq
ਸਾਨਾ = Sana'a
ਸਿਉਲ = Seoul
ਹਵਾਨਾ = Havana
ਕੋਕੋ = cocoa
ਕੈਨਾਡਾ = Canada
ਕਿਊਬਾ = Cuba
ਕਰੈੱਮ = creme
ਕਿਲੋ = kilo
ਗਾਜ਼ਾ = Gaza
ਗਿਨੀ = Guinea
ਘਾਨਾ = Ghana
ਚੀਨ = China
ਚੈਡ = Chad
ਜੈਜ਼ = jazz (music)
ਟੋਗੋ = Togo
ਡਿਸਕ = disk not recognizable
ਢਾਕਾ = Dhaka
ਪਰਮਾਣੂ = atom not recognizable
ਪਨਾਮਾ = Panama
ਪੌਲ = Paul (name)
ਬਾਰਬਰਾ = Barbara (name)
ਬੌਨ = Bonn
ਬੀਅਰ = beer
ਬੈਂਕ = bank
ਬਾਰ = bar
ਮਨਾਮਾ = Manama
ਮਾਲੀ = Mali
ਮੋਰੱਕੋ = Morocco
ਮੀਲ = mile
ਯੈੱਨ = Yen (currency)
ਰੋਮ = Rome
ਰੌਕ = rock (music)
ਲੀਮਾ = Lima
ਵੌਨ = Won (currency)
ਵੀਆਨਾ = Vienna
ਵੀਡੀਉ (ਚਲ-ਚਿਤਰ) = video
... what are these in Punjabi / Gurmukhi script? ... I have added the Punjabi words above for the English ones given by you and have indexed then alphabetically. Regards.

Thanks. We'll need more words though. Can you think of any words that sound similar in English and Punjabi? Here are some more that should work:

mom papa Lille (French city) Benin Libya Riga Guyana Oman Tokyo Yemen Peru Japan Toronto London Maria Ivan Caracas Saddam Coca Cola Manila Milan (city in Italy) Nepal Sudan Korea Madrid Madras Bahamas Dubai Kabul music sugar lemon

Order of introductionEdit

Here's a first idea for introducing the letters. This is just a start, we need a lot more Punjabi words and names.

  1. Introduce letters ਆ (A), ਬ (B) and ਰ (R). This leads to the following practise words: ਆਬਾ ABBA, ਬਾਰ bar (bar),

ਬਾਰਬਰਾ barbra (Barbara)

  1. Explain about the other vowels (would be better to split this, too). This leads to the practise words: ਬੇਰ ber (berry), ਬੀਅਰ beer (beer)
  2. Introduce the letter ਨ (N). Practise with ਅੰਨਾ ana (Anna), ਬੌਨ bon (Bonn), ਇਰਾਨ iran (Iran)
  3. Introduce the letter ਕ (K). Practise with ਇਰਾਕ irak (Iraq), ਕੋਕੋ (cocoa), ਬੈਂਕ (bank), ਰੌਕ (rock)
  4. Introduce the letter ਮ (M). Practise words: ਅਮਾਨ (Amman), ਕਰੈੱਮ (creme), ਮਨਾਮਾ (Manama), ਮੋਰੱਕੋ (Morocco), ਰੋਮ (Rome)
  5. Introduce the letter ਲ (L). Practise words: ਲੀਮਾ (Lima), ਮਾਲੀ (Mali), ਕਿਲੋ (kilo)

The idea is that all practise words will only contain letters that the students have already learned, and that we can give him a word like ਬੀਅਰ without saying what it means and he'll be able to recognize it for "beer".

Thanks. That will be wonderful way of introducing alphabets though I need to convince myself on one point. As I have said somewhere in the main book also, Indic scripts are beautifully arranged. If we leave aside the first row and the last two rows of Gurmukhi, the rest of them are arranged according to phonetic sound characteristics. Even the columns follow certain patterns. The letters of the fourth column are all strongly aspirated and the fifth are nasalized. To top it all the succesive rows represent sounds that are articulated with sound organs starting from the velum and moving out until they reach the lips. Therefore can we have an order of introduction of alphabets to the reader that does not loose sight of this. I know this may sound silly to you. Tomorrow I shall collect some more words which may be familiar to an English speaking person and there after start the actual lesson. In the meantime let me have your comment on this. I am extremely grateful for the help rendered.

Some Punjabi wordsEdit

Some Punjabi words are given below:

ਬੱਕਰੀ = goat; ਬੇਰ = berry; ਬਾਅਦ = after; ਬਾਹਰ = outside; ਬਹਾਰ = season; ਰੱਬ = god; ਪੰਜਾਬ = Punjab; ਖਰਾਬ = bad

ਟੱਪ = jump; ਆਪ = you or self; ਮਾਪ = measure; ਪਰ = but; ਪੱਟ = thigh; ਪੈਰ = foot; ਪੱਗ = turban; ਪਾਤਰ = character;

ਪੁੱਤ = son; ਪੱਤਾ = leaf; ਪਿਤਾ = father; ਕੱਤ = spin; ਲੱਤ = leg; ਸੱਤ = seven; ਰਾਤ = night; ਰੇਤ = sand; ਚੜ੍ਹਤ = ascendency

ਤਾਜ = Taj; ਤੇਜ = sharp; ਤਰਲ = liquid; ਤੇਲ = oil; ਤਾਲਾ = lock; ਕਤਲ = murder

Here are some more words as required

ਖ਼ਰਗੋਸ਼ = rabbit; ਅਖ਼ਰੋਟ =walnut; ਖੁਰਮਾਨੀ = apricot; ਦਾਖਲ = admission; ਖੁਦਾ = god

ਦਾਦਾ = grand father; ਦਾਣਾ = grain; ਦਵਾਤ = ink pot; ਸਦਾ = always; ਸੱਦਾ = invite; ਵਾਦੀ = valley; ਵਦਾਨ = big hammer

ਦਰਖ਼ਤ = tree; ਦਰਖ਼ਾਸਤ = application; ਨਦਾਨ = innocent; ਵਿਦਰੋਹ = mutiny; ਸਵਾਦ = taste; ਲੱਦ = load; ਵਿਵਾਦ = controversy;

ਸਖ਼ਤ = strict; ਸ਼ਾਖ਼ = branch; ਰਾਖ਼ = ash; ਰਖ = keep; ਕੱਖ = straw; ਚੱਖ = to taste; ਮੱਖਣ = butter