Last modified on 13 May 2014, at 02:58

Punjabi/Vocabulary/Animals

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ਜਾਨਵਰ - AnimalsEdit

Animal is called ਜਾਨਵਰ in Punjabi. ਬਾਘ i.e. Tiger, a rare combination of grace, strength, agility and enormous power, is the National Animal of India. The Bengal Tiger (see picture) looks majestic.

  1. ਘੋੜਾ = horse
  2. ਕੁੱਤਾ = dog
  3. ਖੋਤਾ = donkey
  4. ਚੂਹਾ = rat
  5. ਨਿਉਲਾ = mongoose
  6. ਬਿੱਲੀ = cat
  7. ਬੱਕਰੀ = goat
  8. ਕਿਰਲੀ = lizard
  9. ਬੋਤੀ = camel - female

GrammarEdit

We introduced the concept of number in the birds chapter. Here we introduce the concept of gender. Masculine gender in Punjabi is called ਪੁਲਿੰਗ and feminine gender is called ਇਸਤਰੀ ਲਿੰਗ.

  1. All the above animal names, nouns as they are, bear the noun's gender.
  2. Regular masculine nouns, as in the case of first five animal names above, end with kanna(ਆ). Gender of regular masculine nouns is changed by replacing kanna(ਆ) with bihari(ਈ).
  3. Regular feminine nouns, as in the case of the last four animal names above, end with bihari(ਈ). The gender of the regular feminine nouns is changed by replacing the bihari(ਈ) with kanna(ਆ). See for example
    • ਘੋੜਾ ⇔ ਘੋੜੀ
    • ਕੁੱਤਾ ⇔ ਕੁਤੀ
    • ਚੂਹਾ ⇔ ਚੂਹੀ

More rules of declension of nouns are available at noun

ਜਾਨਵਰ - Animals continuedEdit

We come back to vocabulary and present some more animals.

  1. ਗਾਂ = cow
  2. ਮੱਝ = buffalo
  3. ਭੇਡ = sheep
  4. ਖ਼ਰਗੋਸ਼ = rabbit
  5. ਸੂਰ = pig
  6. ਖੱਚਰ = mule
  7. ਊਠ = camel (also called ਬੋਤਾ)
  8. ਗਾਲੜ੍ਹ = squirrel
  9. ਸ਼ੇਰ = lion
  10. ਬਾਘ = tiger
  11. ਚੀਤਾ = cheetah
  12. ਭਾਲੂ = bear
  13. ਸੱਪ = snake
  14. ਬਿੱਛੂ = scorpion
  15. ਹਿਰਨ = deer
  16. ਬਾਰਾਂਸਿੰਗਾ = stag
  17. ਗੈਂਡਾ = hippopotamus
  18. ਹਾਥੀ = elephant
  19. ਬਾਂਦਰ = monkey
  20. ਲੂਮੜੀ = fox
  21. ਗਿਰਗਟ = chameleon
  22. ਲੰਗੂਰ = langoor
  23. ਕੱਛੂਆ = tortoise
  24. ਡੱਡੂ = frog
  25. ਮੱਛੀ = fish
  26. ਘੜਿਆਲ = aligator
  27. ਮਗਰਮੱਛ = crocodile

ExercisesEdit

1. Write names of ten animals in Punjabi.
2. Change the gender of the following regular masculine nouns

ਘੋੜਾ, ਕੁੱਤਾ, ਚੂਹਾ, ਖੋਤਾ
Solutions
ਘੋੜੀ, ਕੁਤੀ, ਚੂਹੀ, ਖੋਤੀ

3. Change the gender of the following regular feminine nouns

ਬਿੱਲੀ, ਬੱਕਰੀ, ਕਿਰਲੀ, ਬੋਤੀ
Solutions
ਬਿਲਾ, ਬੱਕਰਾ, ਕਿਰਲਾ, ਬੋਤਾ

4. Change the number of the following:

ਘੋੜਾ, ਕੁੱਤਾ, ਚੂਹਾ, ਮੱਝ, ਭੇਡ
Solutions
ਘੋੜੇ, ਕੁਤੇ, ਚੂਹੇ, ਮੱਝਾਂ, ਭੇਡਾਂ