Last modified on 30 April 2008, at 21:44

Portuguese/Contents/BPL1/Terceira lição

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Verb "ir"/ Verbo irEdit

The verb to go is an important verb in Portuguese. It's an irregular verb:

Person Portuguese English
1. s. eu vou I go
2. s. você vai you go
3. s. ele/ela vai he/she/it goes
1. p. nós vamos we go
2. p. vocês vão you all go
3. p. eles/elas vão they go

See some examples:

Nós vamos para a escola. ("We go to the school.")
Eles vão para a casa deles. ("They go to their house.")

Compound future/Futuro compostoEdit

The verb "ir" can work as an auxiliary verb for the (near) future tense (just like "to be going to" in English). This structure is made using the "ir" plus the infinitive of an other verb.

See some examples:

Nós vamos ser amigos. ("We are going to be friends.")
Eles vão estar aqui? ("Are they going to be here?")
Ele não vai estudar português, mas eu vou. ("He is not going to study Portuguese, but I am going to.")

Present indicative of regular verbs/Presente do indicativo de verbos regularesEdit

The conjugation form for each stem vowel in the present indicative tense is much alike. There is a table below with all three of them (stem vowels are highlighted):

Tense Person 1st conjugation 2nd conjugation 3rd conjugation
Present indicative eu –o –o –o
você a e –e
ele/ela a e –e
nós amos emos imos
vocês am em –em
eles/elas am em –em
Infinitive –ar –er –ir

Conjugation rules:

  • the first person singular (eu) always take -o.
  • the second person singular (você) takes the stem vowel (ir-verbs take -e instead).
  • the third person singular (ele/ela) takes the stem vowel (ir-verbs take -e instead).
  • the first person plural (nós) takes the stem vowel plus -mos.
  • the second person plural (vocês) is equals to the third person singular (você) plus -m.
  • the third person plural (eles/elas) is equals to the third person singular (ele/ela) plus -m.

There is a table with three examples below: "cantar" ("to sing"), "comer" ("to eat") and "partir" ("to leave").

Tense Person 1st conjugation 2nd conjugation 3rd conjugation
Present indicative eu canto como parto
você canta come parte
ele/ela canta come parte
nós cantamos comemos partimos
vocês cantam comem partem
eles/elas cantam comem partem
Infinitive cantar comer partir

There are below six examples of common verbs (with regular present indicative tense) for each conjugation.

Common verbs (regular present indicative tense)
1st conjugation (–ar) 2nd conjugation (–er) 3rd conjugation (–ir)
  • trabalhar, to work
  • descansar, to rest
  • ensinar, to teach
  • sentar, to sit down
  • levantar, to get up, to rise
  • fechar, to close
  • comer, to eat
  • beber, to drink
  • viver, to live
  • morrer, to die
  • aprender, to learn
  • receber, to receive
  • decidir, to decide
  • permitir, to allow
  • proibir, to forbid
  • abrir, to open
  • existir, to exist, there to be
  • assistir, to watch, to assist