Last modified on 17 January 2013, at 18:05


Oriya (ଓଡ଼ିଆ oṛiā), officially spelled Odia, is an Indian language, belonging to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. It is mainly spoken in the Indian states of Orissa and in parts of West Bengal, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh. Oriya is one of the many official languages in India; it is the official language of Orissa and the second official language of Jharkhand. Oriya is the predominant language of Orissa, where Oriya speakers comprise around 83.33% of the population according to census surveys.


The examples of Oriya words, phrases, clauses and sentences used in this book are generally presented simultaneously in three written forms: one using the Oriya script, a transliterated version using Roman letters, and an English translation.

The Oriya-to-Roman transliteration scheme is the one followed in the English Wikipedia and can be seen here.

History of the Language

Writing System


Basic Grammar

Dates & Numbers


Going Out

Other Phrases