Last modified on 18 May 2013, at 04:14

OpenGL Programming/Bounding box

ConceptEdit

We analyze the object:

  • Minimum coordinates in X, Y and Z
  • Maximum coordinates in X, Y and Z
  • We compute the size necessary for the object: max-min in X, Y and Z
  • We compute the center of the object: (min+max)/2 in X, Y and Z

We compute of cube around the object:

  • We prepare a cube of size 1 (1x1x1), centered on the origin
  • We scale it by the size of the object
  • We center it on the object

To draw the cube:

  • We draw the front face using 1 looping line
  • We draw the back face using 1 looping line
  • We draw 4 orthogonal lines to join both faces

CodeEdit

void draw_bbox(struct mesh* mesh) {
  if (mesh->vertices.size() == 0)
    return;
 
  // Cube 1x1x1, centered on origin
  GLfloat vertices[] = {
    -0.5, -0.5, -0.5, 1.0,
     0.5, -0.5, -0.5, 1.0,
     0.5,  0.5, -0.5, 1.0,
    -0.5,  0.5, -0.5, 1.0,
    -0.5, -0.5,  0.5, 1.0,
     0.5, -0.5,  0.5, 1.0,
     0.5,  0.5,  0.5, 1.0,
    -0.5,  0.5,  0.5, 1.0,
  };
  GLuint vbo_vertices;
  glGenBuffers(1, &vbo_vertices);
  glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, vbo_vertices);
  glBufferData(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, sizeof(vertices), vertices, GL_STATIC_DRAW);
  glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, 0);
 
  GLushort elements[] = {
    0, 1, 2, 3,
    4, 5, 6, 7,
    0, 4, 1, 5, 2, 6, 3, 7
  };
  GLuint ibo_elements;
  glGenBuffers(1, &ibo_elements);
  glBindBuffer(GL_ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER, ibo_elements);
  glBufferData(GL_ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER, sizeof(elements), elements, GL_STATIC_DRAW);
  glBindBuffer(GL_ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER, 0);
 
 
  GLfloat
    min_x, max_x,
    min_y, max_y,
    min_z, max_z;
  min_x = max_x = mesh->vertices[0].x;
  min_y = max_y = mesh->vertices[0].y;
  min_z = max_z = mesh->vertices[0].z;
  for (int i = 0; i < mesh->vertices.size(); i++) {
    if (mesh->vertices[i].x < min_x) min_x = mesh->vertices[i].x;
    if (mesh->vertices[i].x > max_x) max_x = mesh->vertices[i].x;
    if (mesh->vertices[i].y < min_y) min_y = mesh->vertices[i].y;
    if (mesh->vertices[i].y > max_y) max_y = mesh->vertices[i].y;
    if (mesh->vertices[i].z < min_z) min_z = mesh->vertices[i].z;
    if (mesh->vertices[i].z > max_z) max_z = mesh->vertices[i].z;
  }
  glm::vec3 size = glm::vec3(max_x-min_x, max_y-min_y, max_z-min_z);
  glm::vec3 center = glm::vec3((min_x+max_x)/2, (min_y+max_y)/2, (min_z+max_z)/2);
  glm::mat4 transform =  glm::translate(glm::mat4(1), center)* glm::scale(glm::mat4(1), size);
 
  /* Apply object's transformation matrix */
  glm::mat4 m = mesh->object2world * transform;
  glUniformMatrix4fv(uniform_m, 1, GL_FALSE, glm::value_ptr(m));
 
  glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, vbo_vertices);
  glEnableVertexAttribArray(attribute_v_coord);
  glVertexAttribPointer(
    attribute_v_coord,  // attribute
    4,                  // number of elements per vertex, here (x,y,z,w)
    GL_FLOAT,           // the type of each element
    GL_FALSE,           // take our values as-is
    0,                  // no extra data between each position
    0                   // offset of first element
  );
 
  glBindBuffer(GL_ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER, ibo_elements);
  glDrawElements(GL_LINE_LOOP, 4, GL_UNSIGNED_SHORT, 0);
  glDrawElements(GL_LINE_LOOP, 4, GL_UNSIGNED_SHORT, (GLvoid*)(4*sizeof(GLushort)));
  glDrawElements(GL_LINES, 8, GL_UNSIGNED_SHORT, (GLvoid*)(8*sizeof(GLushort)));
  glBindBuffer(GL_ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER, 0);
 
  glDisableVertexAttribArray(attribute_v_coord);
  glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, 0);
 
  glDeleteBuffers(1, &vbo_vertices);
  glDeleteBuffers(1, &ibo_elements);
}

Intersection with surfacesEdit

As seen in Scientific tutorial 05, you can improve situations where lines and surfaces are mixing, by using:

/* main */
    glEnable(GL_POLYGON_OFFSET_FILL);
    glPolygonOffset(1, 0);

Keep GL_POLYGON_OFFSET_FILL enabled even after you draw the lines, it needs to be enabled when drawing the surfaces as well.

Bounding box for a sphere

You can also increase the line thickness if need be:

    glLineWidth(2);

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