Last modified on 10 June 2013, at 22:29

Old English/Prepositions of Time

Old English prepositions of time, which detail the temporal relationships of their sentences.

DativeEdit

Prepositions of time in the dative case generally concern events within a certain block of time.

InnanEdit

  1. within the limits of a period, in; híe wendon innan þǽre middanwintres tíde they went within the limits of midwinter time

OnEdit

  • On with the dative is used with generic time nouns, such as dæg and gēar.
  1. on + gēare: hæbbe ic þriwa on gēare mid tōþlǣccan gesetne dæg - I have a set day with a dentist thrice in the year.
  2. on + þǣm + ǣrdæge: on þǣm ǣrdæge ēodon hīe tō cirican - in early morning they went to church.

TōgeagnesEdit

  1. on the approach of, towards; tōgeagnes Ēastran cōm þæs pāpan sande the pope's legate came towards Easter

AccusativeEdit

OnEdit

  • on/in a day, month, year; This is used with the accusative with named days and months
    1. on + dæg: gif gē lesaþ wyrte on Sunnandæg - if we gather roots on Sunday
    2. on + mōnaþ: se ǣresta Frīgedæg þe man sceal fæsten is on Hlȳdan (Hrēþmōnaþ) - the first Friday that one shall fast is in March
    3. on + morgen: on morgen gā ic tō scōle - in the morning I go to school

No PrepositionEdit

Often cases can be used to indicate when something happens. This is often used with the dative, but can also be accusative and genitive.

  • Sunnan dagum gā ic tō cirican (or on Sunnandagum) - Sundays I go to church.
  • Sunnan dæges cēapinge ne dōþ man (on gehwamlicum Sunnandæge) - Sunday one does not do marketing.
  • þȳ gēare æfter his lyre (oþþe on gēare) - the year after his loss (instrumental case)