Last modified on 25 December 2013, at 19:55

Novial/Hound Appendix 2

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Contents - Lesson 1 - Lesson 2 - Lesson 3 - Lesson 4 - Lesson 5 - Lesson 6 - Lesson 7 -

Prefixes - Suffixes

Substantival Suffixes (which form nouns)Edit

-eso to form abstracts, denotes state of being vereso
truth, state of being true
febleso
weakness
venkateso
defeat
-o forms verbal nouns ploro  
weeping
opino   
thinking, opinion
sentio  
feeling, feel
-(t)ione denotes partly the result (as a whole) or the resulting state, partly the way or manner in which something is done definitione
definition
evolutione
evolution
satisfaktione
satisfaction
-um denotes the product of action (as distinct from the way in which it is done) to be added to the passive participle fabrikatum  
manufactured article
printatum   
printed matter
kopiatum  
copy, something copied
-ure denotes the result or product (as distinct from the act itself) pikture  
picture
inventure   
invention
fotografure  
photograph
-ere
-iste
denote operator or person occupied with bakere  
baker
konsiliste   
councillor
klimere  
climber
-iste used for human beings, denotes adherents of a doctrine or those occupied in certain professions ateiste  
atheist
dentiste   
dentist
sientiiste  
scientist
-isme denotes doctrine ateisme  
atheism
kapitalisme   
capitalism
sosialisme  
socialism
-iere denotes a person or thing characterized by a certain object or considered as its bearer pomiere  
apple tree
kandeliere   
candle holder
milionere  
millionnaire
-arie denotes recipient of an action, the person for whom something is destined sendarie  
addressee
pagarie   
payee
mandatarie
mandate holder
-ia denotes the domain, province or country of someone Anglia  
England
filosofia   
philosophy
printeria  
printing office
-torie denotes place where something is done observatorie  
observatory
dormitorie   
dormitory
promenatorie  
promenade
-aje denotes something made of, consisting of, having the character of lanaje  
woollen goods
lignaje   
woodwork
subtilaje  
(a) subtlety
-ede denotes quantity which fills something kulierede  
spoonful
manuede   
handful
bokede  
mouthful
-aro denotes a collection, group, or set of things homaro  
mankind
vortaro   
vocabulary
aristokrataro  
aristocracy
-ide denotes descendant Atreide  
son of Atreus
regide   
person of royal blood
Napoleonide  
descendant of Napoleon
-yune denotes young one bovyune  
calf
hanyune   
chick
katyune  
kitten

Verbal Suffixes (which form verbs)Edit

-ira denotes living beings acting as profetira
to prophesy
rivalira
to rival
rebelira
to rebel
-isa
-ifika
to make into, transform into, render justifika
to justify
rektifika
to rectify
modernisa
to modernize
-isa to provide with, supply with, cover with armisa
to arm
harmonisa
to harmonize
spisa
to spice
-ada denotes repeated or continuous action frapada
to go on beating
kantada
to keep on singing
parlada
to keep on speaking
-eska denotes the beginning of an action or state dormieska
to fall asleep
videska
to perceive
paleska
to turn pale

Adjectival Suffixes (which form adjectives)Edit

-al denotes relating to
- before this suffix any final vowel of the word is dropped except -u which is retained
universal
universal
national
national
sexual
sexual
-an denotes inhabiting or belonging to a class or party italian
Italian
urban
urban
akademian
academic
-ari denotes agreeing with or fit for reglari
regular
populari
popular
ordinari
ordinary
-osi denotes having, especially in large quantity porosi
porous
kurajosi
courageous
danjerosi
dangerous
-isi denotes a very high degree grandisi
enormous
varmisi
hot
belisi
gorgeous
-iv(i) denotes doing naturally or capable of doing instruktiv
instructive
sugestiv
suggestive
atraktiv
attractive
-asi denotes having the tendency or inclination to disputasi
quarrelsome
laborasi
hard-working
atakasi
combative
-bli denotes what is susceptible to the verb (English -ble) lektebli
readable
explikabli
explicable
audibli
audible
-endi denotes that must be
- any final -a or -e of the verb is dropped; any final -u and -i of the verb remains
lektendi
that must be read
faendi
compulsory
soluendi
that must be solved, to be solved
-indi denotes that deserves to be
- any final -a or -e of the verb is dropped; any final -u and -i of the verb remains
lektindi
that is worth reading
fidindi
trustworthy
preferindi
preferable

General Suffixes Edit

-et- diminutive suffix riverete
brook
varmeti
lukewarm
rideta
to smile
-on- denotes greatness, quantity pluvono
heavy rain
ridona
to guffaw
rodono
guffaw
-ach- denotes contempt kavalacha
nag
jurnalacharo
the gutter press
kriacha
to shriek

Numeral Suffixes Edit

-anti forms tens duanti
twenty
trianti
thirty
otanti
eighty
-o forms nouns from numerals duo
duo
trio
trio
dekduo
dozen
-esmi forms ordinal numbers unesmi
first
duantesmi
twentieth
sentesmi
hundredth
-ime forms fractions duime
a half
sixime
a sixth
sentime
a hundredth
-opli multiplying suffix duopli
double
triopli
triple
multopli
multiple
-opim forms distributive adverbs triopim
in threes
pokopim
little by little
gutopim
in drops

Adverbial Suffixes Edit

-tem (from temp) denotes time nultem
never
irgitem
any time, no matter when
ultem
ever, any time
-foy denotes time in repetition, occasion dufoy
twice
altrifoy
another time, on another occasion
kelkifoy
sometimes
-lok denotes place omnilok
everywhere
nulilok
nowhere
altrilok
somewhere else
-kas (from kasu) denotes case omnikas
in every case
irgikas
anyway, in any case when
tikas
in that case
-grad denotes degree altigrad
to a high degree
kelkigrad
to some extent, fairly
pokigrad
to a small extent, slightly
-man (from manere) denotes manner omniman
in every way
altriman
in another way, differently
samiman
in the same way
-m (from -man-) forms adverbs privatim
privately
seperatim
seperately
spesialim
specially

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Novial home - Pronunciation Guide

Contents - Lesson 1 - Lesson 2 - Lesson 3 - Lesson 4 - Lesson 5 - Lesson 6 - Lesson 7

Prefixes - Suffixes