Last modified on 3 February 2011, at 21:22

Neo-Quenya/Old-Elvish influences

We have met the prefix an- for the superlative. We also said that this prefix can change under the influence of the beginning consonant of the adjective. But in all these cases the changes are in the prefix an- itself, the original adjective is not influenced.

With the Old-Elvish influences however we are getting the original forms of the adjectives back in the superlative. Most of these forms are analoguous to the changes in the perfect tense.

Adjectives in mb/nd/ngEdit

Let’s first look at adjectives that started with the combinations mb-, nd- and ng- in Old-Elvish:

  • mb-:
marta "fated" → ambarta
merya "festive" → amberya
  • nd-:
nulla "obscure" → andulla
númenya "western" → andúmenya
  • ng-:
nóla "learned" → angóla
nwalca "cruel" → angwalca

Adjectives in dEdit

Also an l- that has evolved from d- has such influences:

laira "shady" → andaira
lára "flat" → andára
lómëa "gloomy" → andómëa
lóra "dark" → andóra
lumna "oppressive" → andumna

Adjectives in b/wEdit

A large number of adjectives that begin in v- in Neo-Quenya, had a b- in Old-Elvish. Here we find that an + v gives rise to the original amb-:

vanya "beautiful" → ambanya
valaina "divine" → ambalaina
valya "powerful" → ambalya
vanima "fair" → ambanima
varna "safe" → ambarna
varnë "brown" → ambarnë
verca "wild" → amberca
verya "bold" → amberya
vorima "continual" → amborima
voronwa "enduring" → amboronwa

In some the v- evolved from w-:

vára "dirty" → anwára
vëa "manly" → anwëa
véra "personal" → anwéra
vindë "blue-grey" → anwindë

The adjective wenya "green, fresh" has evolved from gwen, so it has following superlative:

wenya "green, fresh" → angwenya



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