Neo-Quenya/Allative

UsageEdit

The allative corresponds to the preposition "towards" (and this is frequently abbreviated to "to").

So it is used for destinations:

lelyuvan i ciryanna "I shall go to(wards) the boat"

or for a direction in which the action is performed:

quentes Elendilenna "he spoke to(wards) Elendil"
lenden ostonna "I went to town"


The preposition "into" is translated by mir followed by a nominative:

lenden mir osto "I went into town"


The allative is also used with following verbs:

  • caita- "lie", to express whereupon the subject "lies":
i cirya caita i falmannar "the ship lies upon the waves"
  • tulya- "lead", to express whereinto the subject "is lead":
tulyan i nér i taurenna "I lead the man into the forest"


FormationEdit

We discuss each of the numbers separately:


SingularEdit

The basic ending is -nna after vowels and -enna after consonants.

Most words simply add this ending:

aran "king" → aranenna
tári "queen" → tárinna
vendë "girl" → vendenna


Words that have a stem-form use this stem-form:

nís "woman" → nissenna
curo "device" → curunna
lómë "night" → lóminna


Exceptions:

  • words ending in -n contract with the ending:
mindon "tower" → mindonna
  • words ending in -l change l + nna into lda:
menel "heaven" → menelda


When using these rules you have to look at the final letter of the stem-form (and not at the final letter of the nominative):

talan "floor" → talamenna (stem-form talam-)
nén "water" → nenna (stem-form nen-)


The allative of contracted stems (see Stem-forms) doesn't use the stem-form but the nominative singular:

toron "brother" → toronna (stem-form torn-)

Doubled N-stems also use the nominative singular:

olwen "branch" → olwenna (stem-form olwenn-)


PluralEdit

The ending is -nnar after vowels and -innar after consonants.

macil "sword" → macilinnar
elda "elf" → eldannar


Exception:

  • words ending in -n contract with the ending:
mindon "tower" → mindonnar
  • doubled N-stems use the nominative singular:
olwen "branch" → olwennar (stem-form olwenn-)


DualEdit

  • u-duals get -nna:
aldu "a pair of trees" → aldunna (nom.sing.: alda)
  • in t-duals the final -t is replaced by -nta:
ciryat "a pair of ships" → ciryanta (nom.sing.: cirya)
aranet "a pair of kings" → aranenta (nom.sing.: aran)


Partitive PluralEdit

We add -nnar or -nna to the nominative partitive plural:

ciryali "some ships" → ciryalinnar/ciryalinna (nom.sing.: cirya)

(but the ending -nnar is preferred)



>> Neo-Quenya >> Nouns >> Allative

Last modified on 3 February 2011, at 21:07