Neo-Quenya has a number of words that end in a long vowel, but they all have only two letters:
- má "hand"
- quá "duck"
- pé "lip"
- ré "day (of 24 hours)"
- nyé "bleat"
- fé "last hour"
- sé "eyeball"
- tyé "tea"
- pí "fly, insect"
- hó "owl"
- cú "crescent, arc"
- lú "moment"
- sú "rushing (of the wind)"
and the proper names Vé en Rú.
The following words also have this form, but in Neo-Quenya they sound old-fashioned, so they are replaced most of the time with the word next to them:
- cá "jaw", better: anca
- rá "arm", better: ranco
- ló "night", better: lómë
- fá "air, atmosphere", better: vilwa
- ní "woman", better: nís
- sá "fire", better: uru
- wá "wind", better: vaiwa
- yó "son", better: yondo
The words rá "lion", tó "wool" en nó "idea" don't belong to this category because they have a stem-form with 3 letters (see Exceptional stems).
They have some special features:
- When the case ending contains a double consonant, the vowel is shortened:
- ressë "on a day" (locative)
- i mannar "to the hands" (allative)
- In the u-duals the –u joins with the final vowel to make a diphthong:
- mau "a pair of hands"
- peu "a pair of lips"
- In the plural the –i- also joins with the final vowel:
- cuinen "with arcs" (instrumental)
- maiva "of hands" (possessive)
- In the words in –é this gives us the diphtong –ei– that is very rare in Quenya:
- pein "to lips" (dative)
- The genitive singular is not known for most nouns. The words on -é don't give any problems because éo is acceptable:
- ré "day" → réo
- pé "lip" → péo
- Those on -ó have a genitive that is identical to the nominative.
The complete declination for hó "owl" can be found in next table:
The u-duals in this group are declined as follows (we use pé "lip"):
- Nom. peu, Gen. peuo, Poss. peuva, Dat. peun,
- Abl. peullo, All. peunna, Loc. peussë, Instr. peunen, Resp. peus.
The behaviour of the final long vowel before possessive endings is discussed on the page about Possessive pronouns.
Last modified on 3 February 2011, at 21:09