Confirmed Na’vi words and affixes are listed here in alphabetical order. Ä, ì, rr, ll, ng (= g), ts (= c), kx, px, tx are ordered as distinct letters from a, i, r, l, n, t, k, p, t. Frommer's preferred orthography, with g for ng and c for ts, is included in parentheses to allow electronic searches. Stress is indicated in IPA transcription: The stress mark ‹ ˈ › appears before the stressed syllable, and syllable breaks are marked with a dot. Prefixes and adpositions which cause lenition are marked with a plus sign, ay+, −ro+. Infix positions of verbs are marked in italics by •raised dots•. Many of these are assumed rather than attested. Stem-changing words (short plurals, verbal contractions, genitives) are included; many short plurals are assumed rather than attested.
Underlying /n/ is spelled 'm' before 'p' in compound words, as in txampay (txan-pay) "sea". However, before 'k' it is spelled 'n', as in zenke (zene-ke) "not need to", despite the fact that it is pronounced /ŋ/ and that this sound is spelled 'ng' before 'k' within a root such as pängkxo "chat".
The vocabulary can be greatly expanded through productive use of Na’vi's word-building affixes, but such forms have not been included here unless they are attested in print or email from Paul Frommer.
- Parts of speech and classes of affix:
- ADJ. adjective
- ADP. adposition (functions as preposition and suffix)
- ADV. adverb
- AFF. affix (functions as prefix and suffix)
- CONJ. conjunction
- INF. infix
- INTJ. interjection
- MIM. mimesis
- N. noun
- N.PL. plural noun
- PART. particle
- PREP. preposition
- PN. pronoun
- PREF. prefix
- SUFF. suffix
- V. verb
- V.DAT. dative verb (takes intransitive and dative arguments, like lu 'have')
- V.DI. ditransitive verb (takes ergative, accusative, and dative arguments, like tìng 'give')
- V.IN. intransitive verb (takes intransitive argument only, like lu 'be')
- V.TR. transitive verb (takes ergative and accusative arguments, like tse'a 'see')