Modern Greek/Lesson 4b

VerbsEdit

First conjugationEdit

The subject pronouns are usually omitted, because the form of the verb indicates the subject. For example:

γράφω I write
γράφεις you (singular) write
γράφει he/she/it writes
γράφουμε we write
γράφετε you (plural) write
γράφουν they write

There is no infinitive in modern Greek. For naming a verb, the first-person singular of the present tense is used as a generic term. For example, we refer to the verb γράφω, to write.

To summarize the conjugation of a verb, we write it in a table like this:

γράφω γράφουμε
γράφεις γράφετε
γράφει γράφουν

Audio recording: About this sound Modern_greek_1i.ogg This recording was made by a non-native speaker of Greek. We would be grateful to any native speaker who could redo it.

Γράφω is an example of a verb belonging to the first conjugation. Verbs in this conjugation can be recognized because their accent falls before the final ω.

The following verbs belong to the first conjugation:

δίνω give (~"donate")
αλλάζω change
διαβάζω read
κοιτάζω look at
βλέπω see
ακούω hear
φτάνω arrive
φεύγω leave
παίρνω take
αγοράζω buy
ξέρω know
νομίζω think
βάζω put
πίνω drink

Vocabulary: Audio recording: About this sound Modern_greek_1i2.ogg This recording was made by a non-native speaker of Greek. We would be grateful to any native speaker who could redo it.

Conjugations of some of these verbs: Audio recording: About this sound Modern_greek_1i3.ogg This recording was made by a non-native speaker of Greek. We would be grateful to any native speaker who could redo it.

The verbs έχω, to have, and είμαι, to beEdit

Two important verbs are έχω, to have, and είμαι, to be. The first-conjugation verb έχω is regular in the present tense, so it has the same endings as γράφω.

έχω έχουμε
έχεις έχετε
έχει έχουν

Audio recording: About this sound Modern_greek_1j.ogg This recording was made by a non-native speaker of Greek. We would be grateful to any native speaker who could redo it.

To be in English is expressed in the active voice, but the Greek είμαι is passive, and doesn't have an active form. The ending -μαι is a typical, regular ending for passive verbs. Although we won't be concerned with passive constructions until later, είμαι is so important that you need to get it under your belt right away.

είμαι είμαστε
είσαι είστε
είναι είναι

Audio recording: About this sound Modern_greek_1k.ogg This recording was made by a non-native speaker of Greek. We would be grateful to any native speaker who could redo it.

Last modified on 18 June 2006, at 14:18