Dakuten ( ﾞ ) and Handakuten ( ﾟ ) are marks placed after certain katakana that modify the way the consonant is pronounced. These marks indicate that the consonant of the syllable should be voiced.
|normal||with dakuten ( ﾞ )||with handakuten ( ﾟ )|
|カ = ka||ガ = ga|
|サ = sa||ザ = za|
|タ = ta||ダ = da|
|ハ = ha||バ = ba||パ = pa|
"Shi" (シ) turns into "Ji" (ジ)
"Chi" (チ) also turns into "Ji" (ヂ)
"Tsu" (ツ) turns into "Zu" (ヅ)
"U" (ウ) turns into "Vu" (ヴ)
Sokuon (ッ) is a symbol consisting of a small Tsu (compare with normal Tsu: ツッ). It is used to insert a slight pause.
Chōonpu (ー) is a symbol used to indicate a long vowel sound. Long vowels can also be written by using the cooresponding vowel hiragana.
|normal||with chōonpu ( ー )||is the same as|
|プ = pu||プー = puu||プウ = puu|