Last modified on 16 December 2013, at 16:08

Lower Sorbian/Grammar/2nd conjugation

  • over-1-syllable-long verbs ending with -aś, except the verbs ending with -ojaś, -ejaś, -šaś, -caś, -žaś, -šćaś
  • following verbs ending with -saś and -zaś: měšaś `mix, stir`, pšašaś `ask`, cycaś `suck`, placaś `clap`, pasaś `engird`, smasaś `taste`, tśasaś `kindle`, se wjelicaś `boast`
  • the verb ending with -maś - verb se sromaś `be ashamed`

Present tenseEdit

1. sg. źěłam
2. sg. źěłaš
3. pl. źěłaju

ImperativeEdit

2. 3. sg. źěłaj!

ImperfectEdit

1. sg. źěłach 2. 3. sg. źěłašo

Other formsEdit

  • Past active participle: źěłał
  • Infinitive: źěłaś [1]
  • Supine: źěłat
  • Present active participle: źěłajucy [2]
  • Past passive participle: źěłany
  • Verbal noun: źěłanje

[1] compounds of 2. conjugation verb form present tense according to the 1. conjugation, while their verbal stem is suffixed with -aj; the present forms formed according to the 2. conjugation have futural meaning, e.g. pytam `I seek`, pśepytajom `I seek through`, pśepytam `I will seek through`

[2] in the present active participle with -ajucy the vowel -u- can be omitted, e.g. spěwajcy = spěwajucy `singing`