Japanese/Vocabulary/Animals

Related vocabulary

MammalsEdit

English Japanese Reading Notes
Alpaca アルパカ loan word from the American Spanish word alpaca
Australian Possum オポッサム loan word from the English word opossum
Bat 蝙蝠 こうもり individually both kanji mean bat but are read differently
Bear くま
Beaver ビーバー loan word from the French derived English word beaver
Camel 駱駝 らくだ white horse (駱) hunchback (駝)
Cat ねこ
Chinchilla チンチラ loan word from the Spanish word chinchilla
Coatimundi ハナグマ nose (ハナ) bear (グマ)
Cow うし also used for ox
Coyote コヨーテ loan word from the American Spanish word coyote
Deer 鹿 しか
デグー loan word from the South American word degu
Dog いぬ
Dolphin 海豚 いるか sea (海) pig (豚). When written in kana, katakana is commonly used.
Donkey 驢馬
兎馬
ろば
うさぎうま
Dugong 儒艮 じゅごん
Elephant ぞう
Ferret フェレット
Fox きつね
Gerbil 砂鼠 すなねずみ
Giraffe 麒麟 きりん
Goat 山羊 やぎ
Gorilla ゴリラ
Groundhog ウッドチャック
Guinea pig モルモット
Hamster ハムスター
Hedgehog 針鼠 or 蝟 ハリネズミ
Hippopotamus 河馬 かば
Horse うま
Kinkajou キンカジュー loan word from the Indian word kinkajou, meaning honey bear
Kitten 子猫 こねこ child (子) cat (猫)
Lion ライオン loan word from the Latin derived English word lion
Llama ラマ loan word from the Spanish word llama
Manatee マナティー loan word from the Spanish word llama
Mink ミンク loan word from the English word mink
Monkey さる
Mouse ねずみ
Otter かわうそ
Panda パンダ ぱんだ loan word from the French word panda
Pig ぶた
Polar bear 白熊 しろくま white (白) bear (くま)
Puppy 子犬 こいぬ child (子) dog (犬)
Rabbit うさぎ also used for hare or coney
Raccoon 洗熊 あらいぐま coarse (あらい) bear (ぐま)
Raccoon dog たぬき
Rat 溝鼠
ラット
どぶねずみ
 
ラット is a loan word from the English rat and used more commonly than どぶねずみ
Red panda レッサーパンダ ressa is the loan word for the English word lesser and panda from the French panda
Rhinoceros さい
Seal 海豹 あざらし 海 (sea) 豹(panther)
Sea lion 海驢 あしか 海 (sea) 驢 (donkey). When written in kana, katakana is commonly used.
Sheep ひつじ
Short tailed opossum コモリネズミ コモリ (komori) ネズミ (mouse)
Skunk スカンク loan word from the English word skunk
Squirrel 栗鼠 りす chestnut (栗) mouse (鼠)
Tiger とら
Virginia opossum 袋鼠 ふくろねずみ sack/bag (袋) mouse (鼠). The English loan word ポッサム (possamu) is often used
Weasel いたち
Whale クジラ when written in kana, katakana is commonly used
Wolf おおかみ
Wolverine クズリ
Zebra 縞馬 しまうま stripe (縞) horse (馬)

BirdsEdit

English Japanese Reading Notes
Bird とり
Canary 金糸雀 かなりあ
Chicken (domestic) にわとり
Crane つる
Cormorant
Crow (or raven) からす
Cuckoo 郭公 かっこう
Duck (domestic) 家鴨 あひる family/house (家) wild duck (鴨)
Duck (wild) かも
Eagle わし
Emu エミュー loan word from the Portuguese word emu
Flamingo フラミンゴ
Goose 鵞鳥 がちょう goose (鵞) bird (鳥)
Hawk (or falcon) たか
Swallow つばめ
Ostrich 鴕鳥 だちょう ostrich (鴕) bird (鳥)
Parakeet 鸚哥 いんこ  writtin in Katakana インコ。 source (my 日本語のせんせい。)
Pheasant きじ
Pigeon (or dove) はと
Seagull かもめ
Skylark 雲雀 ひばり cloud (雲) sparrow (雀)
Sparrow すずめ
Turkey 七面鳥 しちめんちょう seven faces (七面) bird (鳥)
Vulture 禿鷹 はげたか baldness (禿) hawk (鷹)

Reptiles, fish and other sea lifeEdit

English Japanese Reading Notes
Alligator (or crocodile) わに
Carp こい
Crab かに
Dragon 龍 (or ) りゅう (or たつ) both 龍 and 竜 can be read as either ryuu or tatsu
Eel うなぎ
Fish さかな (or うお)
Frog かえる
Iguana イグアナ loan word from the Spanish word iguana
Goldfish 金魚 きんぎょ gold (金) fish (魚)
Jellyfish 水母 (or 海月) くらげ water (水) mother (母) or sea (海) moon (月)
Komodo dragon コモドドラゴン loan word from the Indonesian island Komodo and the English word dragon
Octopus タコ when written in kana, katakana is commonly used
Sea animal 海獣 かいじゅう sea (海) animal (獣)
Sea slug 海牛 ウミウシ sea (海) cow (牛). More commonly written using kana (katakana) instead of kanji
Shark さめ
Shrimp えび
Snail 蝸牛 かたつむり,or でんでんむし,or かぎゅう snail (蝸) cow (牛). 蝸牛 can be read in all three ways and still mean snail
Snake (or serpent) へび
Spiny lobster 伊勢海老 いせえび Ise (伊勢) shrimp (蝦)
Squid 墨魚 ぼくぎょ ink (墨) fish (魚).
Tuna まぐろ
Turtle (or tortoise) かめ

InsectsEdit

English Japanese Reading Notes
Insect 虫 (or 昆虫) むし (or こんちゅう)
Harmful insects 害虫 がいちゅう
Beneficial insects 益虫 えきちゅう
Beetle 兜虫 (or 甲虫) かぶとむし lit. headpiece (兜) insect (虫)
Stag beetle 鍬形虫 くわがたむし lit. Hoe-shape insect
Cricket こおろぎ
Mosquito
Scorpion さそり
Spider 蜘蛛 くも
Butterfly ちょう
Firefly ほたる
Ant あり
Moth
Mantis 蟷螂 かまきり
Cockroach ゴキブリ
Dragonfly 蜻蛉 とんぼ
Bee 蜜蜂 みつばち
Hornet 雀蜂 or 胡蜂 すずめばち
Pillbug 団子虫 だんごむし lit. dumpling insect
Sow bug 草鞋虫 わらじむし lit. Waraji insect
Earthworm 蚯蚓 みみず
Fly 蠅 or 蝿 はえ
Ladybug 天道虫 てんとうむし lit. insect of path in the heavens
Cicada 蟬 or 蝉 せみ
Last modified on 26 March 2013, at 19:42