Dianthus

Dianthus

Pinks and Carnations
Dianthus plumarius0.jpg
Genus: Dianthus
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Pollination: Insects

Dianthus is a genus of about 300 species of flowering plants in the family Caryophyllaceae, native mainly to Europe and Asia, with a few species extending south to north Africa, and one species (D. repens) in arctic North America. Common names include carnation (D. caryophyllus), pink (D. plumarius and related species) and sweet william (D. barbatus). The name Dianthus is from the Greek words dios ("god") and anthos ("flower"), and was cited by the Greek botanist Theophrastus.

The color pink may actually be named after the flower. The origin of the flower name 'pink' is unknown.

DescriptionEdit

The species are mostly perennial herbs, a few are annual or biennial, and some are low subshrubs with woody basal stems. Stems are swollen at the nodes, and contain a clear sap.

The leaves are opposite and simple with entire margins and petioles that wrap around the stem, mostly linear and often strongly glaucous grey-green to blue-green.

The flowers are solitary or in panicles, with leafy bracts beneath and five petals, typically with a frilled or notched margin. In almost all species they are pale to dark pink, but at least one species (D. knappii) has yellow flowers with a purple centre.

Growing conditionsEdit

Moist, well-drained, not overly rich soils, full sun.

SpeciesEdit

Dianthus alpinus
Dianthus caryophyllus seed heads
Dianthus superbus

UsesEdit

Some species are grown for cut flowers, but most as ground covers or border plants.

MaintenanceEdit

PropagationEdit

HarvestingEdit

Pests and diseasesEdit

Bacterial Wilts

  • Pseudomonas caryophylli

Bacterial Leaf Spots

  • Pseudomonas woodsii
  • Xanthomonas oryxae var. dianthi

Fasciation

  • Corynebacterium fascians

Crown Galls

Leaf Spots

  • Septoria dianthi

Leaf Blotch

  • Zygophiala jamaicensis

Blight

Bud Rot

  • Fusarium poae

Wilts

  • Armillaria mellea
  • Fusarium oxysporum var. barbari
  • Fusarium oxysporum var. dianthi
  • Fusarium roseum var. cerealis
  • Phialophora cinerescens

Stem Rots

Crown Rot

Rust

  • Puccinia arenariae
  • Uromyces dianthi

Smut

  • Ustilago violacea

Viri Leaf Streak

  • Carnation Streak Virus

Mosaic

Mottle

  • Carnation Mottle Virus

Ringspot

  • Carnation Ringspot Virus

Nematodes

Aphids

Grasshoppers

Thrips

Caterpillars

Mites

Sowbugs

Slugs and Snails

ReferencesEdit

  • Christopher Brickell and Judith D. Zuk (1997). The American Horticultural Society A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. DK Publishing. pp. 358-361. 
  • Staff of the L. H. Bailey Hortorium (1976). Hortus Third: A Concise Dictionary of Plants Cultivated in the United States and Canada. Cornell University Press. pp. 376-380. 
  • Pirone, Pascal P. (1978). Diseases & Pests of Ornamental Plants (Fifth Edition ed.). John Wiley & Sons, New York. pp. 198. 
  • Cranshaw, Whitney (2004). Garden Insects of North America: The Ultimate Guide to Backyard Bugs. Princeton University Press. pp. 592. 
  • Pippa Greenwood, Andrew Halstead, A.R. Chase, Daniel Gilrein (2000). American Horticultural Society Pests & Diseases: The Complete Guide to Preventing, Identifying, and Treating Plant Problems (First Edition ed.). Dorling Kindersley (DK) Publishing, inc.. pp. 198. 
Last modified on 3 April 2013, at 00:27