Git/Obtaining Git

Git is available for *nix operating systems, as well as MacOS and Windows.

BinaryEdit

*nixesEdit

Debian-based distributions (.deb)Edit

Git is available on Debian, and derivatives like Ubuntu. It is currently packaged as git. More recent packages of git are available from the Ubuntu Git Maintainers' PPA. You may also want to install some extended git functionality, for example git-svn, which allows two-way interoperability with Subversion, or git-email which provides utility functions for sending and receiving git data (primarily patches) via email.

$ sudo apt-get install git git-svn git-email

RPM-based distributions (.rpm)Edit

Linux distributions using the RPM package format can use yum to get git:

$ sudo yum install git-core

MacOSEdit

A graphical installer can be found at Google code. Alternative, if you have MacPorts installed, you can do

$ sudo port install git-core

WindowsEdit

Git for Windows is available as a precompiled binary msysGit. This includes the command line utilities, a GUI, and an SSH client.

Additionally, those with Cygwin can use its setup to obtain Git.

SourceEdit

TarballEdit

You can obtain a copy of the newest stable git from the git homepage at: git.or.cz. In addition, daily snapshots of git are provided by Dave Jones.

Below is an example of how to compile git from source, change "git-1.5.3.4.tar.gz" to the version you downloaded:

mkdir ~/src
cd ~/src
wget http://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/git-1.5.3.4.tar.gz
tar xzvf git-1.5.3.4.tar.gz
cd git-1.5.3.4
make configure
./configure --prefix=/usr/local
make
sudo make install

Without the added --prefix argument git will currently install to ~/bin. This may or may not be what you want, in most distributions ~/bin is not in the $PATH.[1] Without the --prefix, you might have to explicitly state the path to the component programs on invocation, i.e.: ~/bin/git-add foobar. You can set --prefix to whatever better suits your particular setup.

GitEdit

The source can additionally be acquired via git using:

$ git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git

Or in the event you have problems with the default Git port of 9418:

$ git clone http://www.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ One effort to amend the lack of consistency through modern distributions and ~/bin, has been addressed by the Ubuntu developers which seeks to patch PAM, the authentication mechanism, to set up the environmental variable $PATH. You can find more information out about this at https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/pam/+bug/64064.
Last modified on 6 October 2013, at 15:21