Flora of New York/Apiales


Millerieae, Madieae, Eupatorieae
Flora of New York: Apiales
Dipsacales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


In New York, the order Apiales is represented by the ginseng and carrot families.

Family AraliaceaeEdit

The Araliaceae (ginseng family)

Subfamily AralioideaeEdit

Tribe AralieaeEdit

Genus AraliaEdit
Araliaceae – subfam. Aralioideae – tribe Aralieae – genus Aralia
Aralia Spikenard N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L. (1753)
Wild sarsaparilla,
American sarsaparilla,
Virginia sarsaparilla,
Angélique à tige nue,
Salsepareille
Native,
Secure
Aralia nudicaulis 001.jpg
Aralia nudicaulis nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS

Images
 L. (1753)
ssp. racemosa
American spikenard,
Small spikenard
Native,
Secure
Aralia racemosa1.jpg
Aralia racemosa ssp racemosa nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS

Images
 Vent.
Bristly sarsaparilla Native,
Likely secure
Aralia nudicaulis.jpg
Aralia hispida nymap.svg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images
 L.
Devil's Walking Stick,
Angelica-tree,
Hercules' club
Native,
Likely secure
Aralia spinosa 5423996.jpg
Aralia spinosa nymap.svg
NYFA-4
NRCS-N0
NE-5[1]

ITIS

Images
 (Miq.) Seem.

 (=) Dimorphanthus elatus Miq. 
Japanese angelica tree Introduced,
Very highly invasive
Aralia elata en fleur4081.jpg
Aralia elata nymap.svg
NYIS: V 80
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NE-4[2]



Images
  1. Category 5 Plants - native invasives - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  2. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Genus PanaxEdit

American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius), is widely collected for use as a medicinal herb.[1] Note that is illegal to harvest ginseng from State Lands.[2]

Araliaceae – subfam. Aralioideae – tribe Aralieae – genus Panax
Panax Ginseng N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)
Dwarf ginseng,
Groundnut
Native,
Secure
Panax trifolius 1883.jpg
Panax trifolius nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS

Images
L. (1753 as quinquefolium)
American ginseng,
Occidental ginseng,
Ginseng d'Amérique,
Ginseng à cinq folioles
Native,
Vulnerable
Panax quinquefolius FWS-4x3.jpg
Panax quinquefolius nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS

Images
Genus EleutherococcusEdit
Araliaceae – subfam. Aralioideae – tribe Aralieae – genus Eleutherococcus
Eleutherococcus Ginseng N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Makino) Koidz. (1939)

 (=) Eleutherococcus pentaphyllus 
 (=) Acanthopanax sieboldianus 
 (=) Aralia pentaphylla 
Five-leaved aralia Introduced
Eleutherococcus-sieboldianus.JPG
Eleutherococcus sieboldianus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS

Images

Tribe HedereaeEdit

Araliaceae – subfam. Aralioideae – tribe Hedereae
Hedera Ivy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

 (=) H. canariensis Willd. 
 (=) H. helix ssp. canariensis (Willd.) Cout. 
English ivy Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 66%
Starr 010419-0076 Hedera helix.jpg
Hedera helix nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0
CP-3[1] IPA

ITIS

Images
 (G. Kirchn.) Bean

 (=) H. helix var. hibernica G. Kirchn. 
Atlantic ivy,
Irish ivy
Introduced
Hedera hibernica flower.jpg
Hedera hibernica nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ITIS

Images
  1. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)

Subfamily HydrocotyloideaeEdit

Araliaceae – subfam. Hydrocotyloideae
Hydrocotyle Water pennywort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
L. (1753)
American water-pennywort,
American marsh-pennywort
Native,
Secure
Hydrocotyle americana drawing.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngHydrocotyle americana Notes-06.png
x90px
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW 


Images
L. (1753)
Many-flowered pennywort,
Many-flowered marsh-pennywort,
Dollarweed
Native,
Rare
Dying dollarweed.jpg
x90px
NYFA-3
NRCS-N?
NEW 


Images
L.f. (1782)
Floating pennywort Native,
Endangered
Hydrocotyle ranunculoides.jpg
x90px
NYFA-1



Images
Thunb. (1798)
var. verticillata
Whorled pennywort,
Whorled marsh-pennywort
Native,
Endangered
Hydrocotyle verticillata var triradiata1.jpg
x90px
NYFA-1
NEW 


Images
Thunb. (1798)
var. fetherstoniana

 (=) H. fetherstoniana 
Whorled pennywort,
Whorled marsh-pennywort
Native,
No recent reports
Hydrocotyle verticillata (aka).jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngStarr 020803-9002 Hydrocotyle verticillata.jpg
x90px
NYFA-Z
NEW 


Images

Family ApiaceaeEdit

The Apiaceae (carrot family)...

Subfamily SaniculoideaeEdit

Tribe SaniculeaeEdit

Apiaceae – subfam. Saniculoideae – tribe Saniculeae
Sanicula Sanicle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
var. canadensis & grandis
Short-styled sanicle,
Canadian blacksnakeroot
Native,
Secure
Sanicula canadensis drawing.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-N
NEWFS



Images
Black snakeroot,
Maryland sanicle
Native,
Secure
Sanicula marilandica (5097951538).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-N
NEWFS



Images
(Raf.) K.M.Pryer & L.R.Phillippe (1989)

 (=) Sanicula gregaria E.P.Bicknell 
 (=) Triclinium odoratum Raf. (1817) 
Common black snakeroot,
Clustered black snakeroot,
Clustered sanicle
Native,
Secure
Sanicula odorata NRCS-1.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NEWFS



Images
Large-fruited sanicle,
Beaked snakeroot
Native,
Secure
Sanicula trifoliata BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NEWFS



Images
Eryngium Eryngo N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
Marsh rattlesnake master Native,
No recent reports
Eryngium aquaticum.jpg
Eryngium aquaticum nymap.svg
NYFA-Z



Images
Seaside coyote-thistle Introduced
Eryngium maritimum Enfoque 2010-7-04 LagunadelaMata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X



Images
Plain coyote-thistle Introduced
Eryngium-planum.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X



Images

Subfamily ApioideaeEdit

Tribe OenantheaeEdit

Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Oenantheae
Sium Waterparsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Walter

1788. Sium suave  Walter
1789. Sium cicutifolium  Schrank
1987. Sium suave var. floridanum
Hemlock water-parsnip,
Water-parsnip,
Water-parsley
Native,
Secure
Sium suave - Water Parsnip.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
Images
Cicuta Water-hemlock N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Bulb-bearing water-hemlock,
Bulblet-bearing water hemlock,
Bulbous waterhemlock
Native,
Secure
Cicuta bulbifera 5498645.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-N



Images
var. maculata
Spotted water hemlock,
Poison hemlock,
Beaver-poison,
Musquash-root,
Spotted cowbane
Native,
Secure
Cicuta maculata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-



Images
Cryptotaenia Honewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) DC.

1753. Sison canadense  L.
1829. Cryptotaenia canadensis  DC.
1891. Deringa canadensis  Kuntze
Canada honewort Native,
Secure
Cryptotaenia canadensis BotGardBln07122011B-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-N
NEW 
ARS 

Images
Ptilimnium Mock-bishopweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Michx.) Raf.

1803. Ammi capillaceum  Michx.
1829. Discopleura capillacea  DC.
1830. Ptilimnium capillaceum  Raf.
Mock bishop-weed,
Threadleaf mockbishopweed,
Atlantic mock bishop-weed,
Herbwilliam
Native,
Rare
Ptilimnium capillaceum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
NRCS-N0
NEW 
ITIS

Images
Lilaeopsis Grasswort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Kuntze

1753. Hydrocotyle chinensis  L.
1803. Hydrocotyle lineata  Michx.
1818. Crantzia lineata  Nutt.
1891. Lilaeopsis lineata  Greene
1898. Lilaeopsis chinensis  Kuntze
Eastern grasswort,
Eastern lilaeopsis
Native,
Threatened
Lilaeopsis chinensis BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS

Images
OxypolisRaf. Cowbane N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Raf.

1753. Sium rigidius  L.
1830. Oxypolis rigidior  Raf.
Stiff cowbane,
Water-dropwort
Native,
Endangered
Oxypolis rigidior BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
Images
Berula Waterparsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Cutleaf water parsnip,
Water parsnip
Native,
No recent reports
Tufière de Rolampont (26).JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NN



Images

Tribe ScandiceaeEdit

Subtribe ScandicinaeEdit
Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Scandiceae – subtr. Scandicinae
Osmorhiza Sweetroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(Michx.) C.B.Clarke
Clayton's sweetroot,
Hairy sweet cicely,
Bland sweet-cicely
Native,
Secure
Osmorhiza claytonii NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngOsmorhiza claytonii BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
Images
 (Torr.) DC.

1824. Myrrhis longistylis  Torr.
1830. Osmorhiza longistylis  DC.
1897. Washingtonia longistylis  Britton
Longstyle sweetroot,
Long-styled sweetroot,
Aniseroot,
Smooth sweet cicely,
Long-styled sweet-cicely
Native,
Secure
Osmorhiza longistylis 5473228.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
Images
Chaerophyllum Chervil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Crantz

1753. Scandix procumbens  L.
1767. C. procumbens  Crantz
Spreading chervil Native,
Endangered
Chaerophyllum procumbens NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngChaerophyllum procumbens BB-1913.png
Chaerophyllum procumbens nymap.svg
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN



Images
AnthriscusPers. Chervil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 M. Bieb.
 (=) A. neglecta var. scandix  
 (=) A. scandicina Mansf., nom. illeg. 
Bur chervil Introduced
Kørvel.jpg
Nymap.svg

NRCS-XX



Images
 (L.) Hoffm.
 (=) A. longirostris Bertol.  
 (=) Cerefolium cerefolium 
 (=) Scandix cerefolium L. 
Common chervil,
Garden chervil
Introduced
Myrrhis odorata, Roomse kervel bloeiwijze.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
 (L.) Hoffm.
Wild chervil,
Cow parsley
Introduced,
Highly invasive
Anthriscus sylvestris 1.jpg
Anthriscus sylvestris nymap.svg
NYIS: H 79
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
CP-3[1]



Images
  1. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
Subtribe DaucinaeEdit
Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Scandiceae – subtr. Daucinae
Daucus Wild-carrot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Wild carrot,
Queen Anne's lace
Introduced
Daucus carota May 2008-1 edit.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X



Images
Subtribe TorilidinaeEdit
Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Scandiceae – subtr. Torilidinae
Torilis Hedgeparsley N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Houtt.) DC. (1830)
Japanese hedge parsley,
Erect hedge-parsley
Introduced,
Invasive
Torilis japonica.jpeg
Torilis japonica nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
CP-3[1] IPA[2]



Images

Tribe CareaeEdit

Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Careae
Carum Carum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Caraway,
Anise
Introduced
Carum carvi 002.JPG
Carum carvi NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Aegopodium Goutweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Bishop's goutweed,
Ground elder
Introduced,
Moderately invasive
Aegopodium podagraria blatt.jpg
Aegopodium podagraria NY-dist-map.png
NYIS: M 68
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
CP-3[1], NE-2[2]
NEW 


Images
  1. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  2. Category 2 Plants - moderately invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe PimpinelleaeEdit

Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Pimpinelleae
Pimpinella Burnet-saxifrage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Pimpinella saxifraga  L.
Solidstem burnet saxifrage,
Burnet-saxifrage
Introduced,
from Eurasia
Pimpinella saxifraga L. (8070509708).jpg
x90px
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS

Images
 (L.) Huds.

1753. Pimpinella saxifraga var. major L.
1762. Pimpinella major  Huds.
1771. Pimpinella magna  L.
Hollowstem burnet saxifrage,
Hollow-stemmed burnet-saxifrage
Introduced,
from Europe
Apiaceae - Pimpinella major-1.JPG
x90px
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ARS ITIS

Images

Tribe CoriandreaeEdit

Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Coriandreae
Coriandrum Coriander N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Coriander Introduced
Coriandrum-sativum-20080330.JPG
Coriandrum sativum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images

Tribe ApieaeEdit

Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Apieae
Apium Celery N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Wild celery Introduced,
N. America native
Apium graveolens 01.jpg
Apium graveolens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XN



Images
Anethum Dill N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Dill Introduced
Dill1.jpg
Anethum graveolens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Foeniculum Fennel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Sweet fennel Introduced
Starr 070908-9242 Foeniculum vulgare.jpg
Foeniculum vulgare NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Levisticum Levisticum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Lovage Introduced
Juni 2012 Levisticum officinale mit Insekt Nordbaden.JPG
Levisticum officinale NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Petroselinum Parsley N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Mill.) Fuss

1768. Apium crispum  Mill.
1866. Petroselinum crispum  Fuss
1879. P. crispum  Nyman
1925. P. crispum  Nyman ex A.W.Hill
Parsley,
Persil
Introduced
Flat Leaf Parsley123 008.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
Images

Tribe TordylieaeEdit

This tribe contains the parsnips and cowparsnips, the only native member of which is Heracleum maximum. Skin contact with any of these may cause phytophotodermatitis.

Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Tordylieae
Heracleum Cowparsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 Bartr.

 (=) Heracleum lanatum Michx. 
 (=) H. sphondylium ssp. montanum 
 (=) H. sphondylium var. lanatum 
Common cowparsnip Native,
Secure
Heracleum maximum 2.jpg
Heracleum maximum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
ssp. sibiricum
Common Hogweed,
Eltrot
Introduced
Apiaceae - Heracleum sphondylium.JPG
Heracleum sphondylium ssp sibiricum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Giant hogweed Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: H 72
Reuzenbereklauw.JPG
Heracleum mantegazzianum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
CP-3[1]



Images
Pastinaca Parsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Wild parsnip Introduced,
Invasive
20120725Reilingen55.jpg
Pastinaca sativa nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
IPA[2] WW

ARS 

Images
  1. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  2. Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States lists Pastinaca sativa invasive in MI, OH PA, TN, VA, WI

Tribe SelineaeEdit

Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Selineae
Taenidia Taenidia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Drude

1753. Smyrnium integerrimum  L.
1898. Taenidia integerrima  Drude
Yellow pimpernel,
Yellow pimpernell,
Ténidia à feuilles entières,
Ténidie très entière
Native,
Secure
Taenidia integerrima BB-1913.png
x90px
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

Images
Zizia Zizia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Common golden Alexanders,
Golden Zizia
Native,
Secure
Zizia aurea a1.jpg
Zizia aurea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 (=) Zizia cordata  
Heartleaf golden Alexanders,
Meadow zizia
Native,
Likely secure
Zizia aptera drawing.png
Zizia aptera NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN



Images
Angelica Angelica N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
Great angelica,
Purplestem angelica
Native,
Secure
Angelica atropurpurea drawing 01.png
Angelica atropurpurea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 (=) Angelica villosa  
Hairy angelica Native,
Vulnerable
Angelica venenosa drawing.png
Angelica venenosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
NRCS-NX



Images
 (=) Coelopleurum spp.  
Angelica,
Seacoast angelica,
Seaside angelica
Native,
Endangered
Angelicalucida.jpg
Angelica lucida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN



Images
Ligusticum Licorice-root N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
ssp. scoticum
Scottish licorice-root Native,
Endangered
253 Ligusticum scoticum.jpg
Ligusticum scoticum ssp scoticum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN



Images
Thaspium Meadow-parsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Michx.) Nutt.

1803. Ligusticum barbinode  Michx.
1818. Thaspium barbinode  Nutt.
1887. T. barbinode var. angustifolium
1900. T. barbinode var. chapmanii
1933. Thaspium chapmanii  Small
Hairyjoint meadowparsnip,
Hairy-jointed meadowparsnip
Native,
Endangered
Thaspium barbinode BB-1913.png
x90px
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images
 (L.) A.Gray
var. aureum (L.) Britton

1753. Smyrnium aureum  L.
1818. Thaspium aureum  Nutt
1894. T. trifoliatum var. aureum Britton
1918. T. trifoliatum var. flavum S.F.Blake
Purple meadow-parsnip,
Smooth meadow-parsnip
Native,
Likely extirpated
Thaspium trifoliatum BB-1913.png
x90px
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NN

ITIS
Trop.
Images
Aethusa Aethusa N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Fool's-parsley,
Poison parsley
Introduced
Aethusa cynapium 002.JPG
Aethusa cynapium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Peucedanum Masterwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) W.D.J.Koch

1753. Imperatoria ostruthia  L.
1822. Imperatoria major  Gray
1824. Peucedanum ostruthium  W.D.J.Koch
Masterwort Introduced
Peudecanum ostruthium 002.JPG
x90px
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
Trop.
Images

Tribe (unplaced)Edit

Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe (unplaced)
Conioselinum Hemlockparsley N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. 1888

1753. Athamanta chinense L.
1813. Cnidium chinense Spreng. ex Steud.
1900. Conioselinum pacificum J.M.Coult. & Rose
Hemlock parsley,
Eastern hemlockparsley,
Chinese hemlockparsley
Native,
Likely secure
Conioselinum chinense BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS

Images
Erigenia Erigenia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Harbinger-of-spring,
Pepper-and-salt
Native,
Endangered
Harbinger of spring plant erigenia bulbosa.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngErigenia bulbosa BB.jpg
Erigenia bulbosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN



Images
Conium Poison hemlock N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Poison hemlock,
Deadly hemlock,
Poison parsley
Introduced
Conium maculatum Hauxley 6.jpg
Conium maculatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Last modified on 25 March 2014, at 20:32