Last modified on 17 December 2013, at 04:12

Field Guide/Scorpions

Common Yellow ScorpionEdit

Scientific nameEdit

Buthus occitanus.

DescriptionEdit

The common yellow scorpion has a yellowish colour. It is from 12 centimeters to 15 centimeters long. It has got a long tail whith a light brown stinger which is used to sting and kill its preys paralizing them. It has 8 legs and 2 pincers.

LocationEdit

The common yellow scorpion lives in in North Africa where there are some arid and rocky habitats.

FactsEdit

The common yellow scorpion has got an exoskeleton so it shades it.

ReproductionEdit

When the common yellow scorpions are going to mate they hold themselves from the pincers and they dance in circles. These species is a viviparan species. After that the male leaves a bag of sperm and the female picks it. The female usually eats the male after mating.

FeedingEdit

The common yellow scorpion feeds mainly in insects and arachnids.

Daili and anual activityEdit

The common yellow scorpion is normally active in the hottest months of the year. It is a nocturnal species so it goes out of its shelter to hunt at night. In the day it normally hides under shelter like rocks, leaves, trenchs in walls... It can climb so you can find it on a wall or on the ceiling.

PoisonEdit

Its sting is not mortal but it can be harmful and painful for kids, elderly people, small animals and allergic people. The treatment is to go to a doctor and he will put you serum or other treatment and you will be cured.

Crust Scorpion of ArizonaEdit

Scientific nameEdit

Centruroides sculpturatus

DescriptionEdit

The crust scorpion of arizona is a small light brown scorpion. The adult male is 8 centimeters long and the female is slightly smaller with 7 centimeters.

LocationEdit

The crust scorpion of arizona is common in the United States of America, in the Sonoran Desert.

HabitatEdit

The crust scorpion of arizona is a species that lives in the desert because its layers of fat keep it hydrated but it hides under shelters during the day.

FeedingEdit

The crust scorpion of arizona is a nocturnal species so it hunts its prey at night. It feeds mainly in crickets and cocroach.

EnemiesEdit

The crust scorpion of arizona is hunted by many species of reptiles, birds, and other invertebrates: Snakes, spiders, wildboar, rodents and other species of scorpions. There are other factors that kills that scorpion such as pesticides, selling them for pets and the recolection for scientists to do experiments.

ReproductionEdit

The crust scorpion of arizona takes several months to born and when the mother gives birth to the newborns they go to the back of their mother. The mother gives birth from 25 to 35 newborns that become independent at the 3rd week of life. The crust scorpion of arizona can live for 6 years.

FactsEdit

The crust scorpion of arizona joins in the winter into a group of scorpions and they all form groups of 20 and 30 individuals. Scientists have discovered that they are extremely resistant because if the scorpion freezes it can be like that for several weeks and it doesn't die.

VenomEdit

The crust scorpion of arizona is the most venemous scorpion of North America and its poison is very painful and harmful. Its sting can last from 24 to 72 hours. The sintoms are that you can be paralized, you have foam in your mouth, you can't breathe for a short period of time and after the poison has passed there can be some electric shocks. In Mexico there are more than 100.000 people that are stinged by the crust scorpion of arizona evey year.

AntidoteEdit

There is an antidote that is used for this type of scorpion poison. If you get stinged by a scorpion you have to go to a hospital.

First aidEdit

The basic aids for this sting are:

  • Clean the area where the scorpion has injected the poison.
  • Put a cold towel on it.
  • Eat paracetamol (Tylenol) and ibuprofen.