Last modified on 21 July 2012, at 21:10

Field Guide/Birds/Japan

There are 619 species of birds in Japan.Japan is home to an impressive number of species of birds that vary from residents, that stay all year around, to breeding birds, that spend a good part of the growing season in Japan to raise their young, migrants who pass through Japan with the seasons, to wintering birds who like to spend a good part of the winter in Japan to escape colder conditions up north.

List of non-passerine birdsEdit


   Anatidae: swans, geese and ducks.
       *Indian Whistling Duck, Dendrocygna javanica
       *Tundra Swan, Cygnus columbianus
       *Whooper Swan, Cygnus cygnus
       *Mute Swan, Cygnus olor (Introduced)
       *Bar-headed Goose, Anser indicus
       *Lesser White-fronted Goose, Anser erythropus
       *Swan Goose, Anser cygnoides
       *Greylag Goose, Anser anser
       *Snow Goose, Anser caerulescens
       *Bean Goose, Anser fabalis
       *White-fronted Goose, Anser albifrons
       *Emperor Goose, Anser canagicus
       *Brent Goose, Branta bernicla
       *Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
       *Ruddy Shelduck, Tadorna ferruginea
       *Crested Shelduck, Tadorna cristata
       *Common Shelduck, Tadorna tadorna
       *Mandarin Duck, Aix galericulata
       *American Wigeon, Anas americana
       *Gadwall, Anas strepera
       *Northern Pintail, Anas acuta
       *Spot-billed Duck, Anas poecilorhyncha
       *Common Teal, Anas crecca
       *Garganey, Anas querquedula
       *Baikal Teal, Anas formosa
       *Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata
       *European Wigeon, Anas penelope
       *Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos
       *Falcated Duck, Anas falcata
       *Red-crested Pochard, Netta rufina
       *Baer's Pochard, Aythya baeri
       *Redhead, Aythya americana
       *Canvasback, Aythya valisineria
       *Tufted Duck, Aythya fuligula
       *Ring-necked Duck, Aythya collaris
       *Lesser Scaup, Aythya affinis
       *Greater Scaup, Aythya marila
       *Common Pochard, Aythya ferina
       *White-eyed Pochard, Aythya nyroca
       *King Eider, Somateria spectabilis
       *Steller's Eider, Polysticta stelleri
       *Harlequin Duck, Histrionicus histroionicus
       *Long-tailed Duck, Clangula hyemalis
       *Surf Scoter, Melanitta perspicillata
       *Common Scoter, Melanitta nigra
       *Velvet Scoter, Melanitta fusca
       *Bufflehead, Bucephala albeola
       *Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula
       *Red-breasted Merganser, Mergus serrator
       *Goosander, Mergus merganser
       *Chinese Merganser, Mergus squamatus
       *Smew, Mergellus albellus


   Tetraonidae: grouse
       *Rock Ptarmigan, Lagopus mutus
       *Hazel Grouse, Tetrastes bonasia
   Phasianidae: partridges, pheasants and quails
       *Japanese Quail, Coturnix japonica
       *Chinese Bamboo Partridge, Bambusicola thoracica (Introduced)
       *Copper Pheasant, Phasianus soemmerringi (Endemic)
       *Green Pheasant, Phasianus versicolor (Endemic)


   Gaviidae: divers
       *Red-throated Diver, Gavia stellata
       *Black-throated Diver, Gavia arctica
       *Pacific Diver, Gavia pacifica
       *White-billed Diver, Gavia adamsii


   Podicipedidae: grebes
       *Little Grebe, Tachybaptus ruficollis
       *Red-necked Grebe, Podiceps grisegena
       *Great Crested Grebe, Podiceps cristatus
       *Black-necked Grebe, Podiceps nigricollis
       *Slavonian Grebe, Podiceps auritus


   Diomedeidae: albatrosses
       *Short-tailed Albatross, Diomedea albatrus
       *Black-footed Albatross, Diomedea nigripes
       *Laysan Albatross, Diomedea immutabilis
       *Wandering Albatross, Diomedea exulans
   Procellariidae: fulmar, shearwaters, gadfly and other petrels
       *Fulmar, Fulmarus glacialis
       *White-necked Petrel, Pterodroma externa
       *Kermadec Petrel, Pterodroma neglecta
       *Bonin Petrel, Pterodroma hypoleuca
       *Black-winged Petrel, Pterodroma nigripennis
       *Solander's Petrel, Pterodroma solandri
       *Hawaiian Petrel, Pterodroma phaeopygia
       *Stejneger's Petrel, Pterodroma longirostris
       *Bulwer's Petrel, Bulweria bulwerii
       *Streaked Shearwater, Calonectris leucomelas
       *Pale-footed Shearwater, Puffinus carneipes
       *Wedge-tailed Shearwater, Puffinus pacificus
       *Christmas Island Shearwater, Puffinus nativitatis
       *Audubon's Shearwater, Puffinus lherminieri
       *Sooty Shearwater, Puffinus griseus
       *Short-tailed Shearwater, Puffinus tenuirostris
   Hydrobatidae: storm petrels
       *Wilson's Storm Petrel, Oceanites oceanicus
       *Stejneger's Storm-petrel, Oceanodroma tristami
       *Matsudaira's Storm Petrel, Oceanodroma matsudairae (Breeding endemic)
       *Band-rumped Storm Petrel, Oceanodroma castro
       *Leach's Storm Petrel, Oceanodroma leucorhoa
       *Fork-tailed Storm Petrel, Oceanodroma furcata
       *Swinhoe's Storm Petrel, Oceanodroma monorhis


   Phaethontidae: tropicbirds
       *Red-tailed Tropicbird, Phaethon rubricauda
       *White-tailed Tropicbird, Phaethon lepturus
   Pelecanidae: pelicans
       *Dalmatian Pelican, Pelecanus crispus
       *Great White Pelican, Pelecanus onocrotalus
       *Spot-billed Pelican, Pelecanus philippensis
   Sulidae: boobies
       *Blue-faced Booby, Sula dactylatra
       *Red-footed Booby, Sula sula
       *Brown Booby, Sula leucogaster
   Phalacrocoracidae: cormorants
       *Japanese Cormorant, Phalacrocorax capillatus
       *Great Cormorant, Phalacrocorax carbo
       *Red-faced Cormorant, Phalacrocorax urile
       *Pelagic Cormorant, Phalacrocorax pelagicus
   Fregatidae: frigatebirds
       *Great Frigatebird, Fregata minor
       *Lesser Frigatebird, Fregata ariel


   Ardeidae: herons and bitterns
       *Grey Heron, Ardea cinerea
       *Purple Heron, Ardea purpurea
       *Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis
       *Eastern Great Egret, Ardea modesta
       *Intermediate Egret, Ardea intermedia
       *Little Egret, Egretta garzetta
       *Chinese Egret, Egretta eulophotes
       *Pacific Reef Heron, Egretta sacra
       *Chinese Pond Heron, Ardeola bacchus
       *Striated Heron, Butorides striatus
       *Black-crowned Night Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax
       *Rufous Night Heron, Nycticorax caledonicus
       *Japanese Night Heron, Gorsachius goisagi
       *Malayan Night Heron, Gorsachius melanolophus
       *Chinese Little Bittern, Ixobrychus sinensis
       *Schrenk's Little Bittern, Ixobrychus eurythmus
       *Black Bittern, Ixobrychus flavicollis
       *Cinnamon Bittern, Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
       *Eurasian Bittern, Botaurus stellaris
   Ciconiidae: storks
       *White Stork, Ciconia ciconia
       *Black Stork, Ciconia nigra
   Threskiornithidae: ibises and spoonbills
       *Black-headed Ibis, Threskiornis melanocephalus
       *Japanese Crested Ibis, Nipponia nippon
       *Black-faced Spoonbill, Platalea minor
       *Common Spoonbill, Platalea leucorodia


   Pandionidae: Osprey
       *Osprey, Pandion haliaetus
   Accipitridae: hawks, eagles, buzzards, harriers, kites and allies
       *Crested Honey Buzzard, Pernis apivorus
       *Black Kite, Milvus migrans
       *Steller's Sea-eagle, Haliaeetus pelagicus
       *White-tailed Sea-eagle, Haliaeetus albicilla
       *European Black Vulture, Aegypius monachus
       *Crested Serpent Eagle, Spilornis cheela
       *Asian Marsh Harrier, Circus aeruginosus
       *Hen Harrier, Circus cyaneus
       *Pied Harrier, Circus melanoleucus
       *Grey Frog Hawk, Accipiter soloensis
       *Northern Goshawk, Accipiter gentilis
       *Japanese Lesser Sparrowhawk, Accipiter gularis
       *Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Accipiter nisus
       *Grey-faced Buzzard, Butastur indicus
       *Upland Buzzard, Buteo hemilasius
       *Rough-legged Buzzard, Buteo lagopus
       *Common Buzzard, Buteo buteo
       *Golden Eagle, Aquila chrysaetos
       *Eastern Imperial Eagle, Aquila heliaca
       *Greater Spotted Eagle, Aquila clanga
       *Mountain Hawk-Eagle, Spizaetus nipalensis
   Falconidae: falcons
       *Peregrine Falcon, Falco peregrinus
       *Eurasian Hobby, Falco subbuteo
       *Gyrfalcon, Falco rusticolus
       *Common Kestrel, Falco tinnunculus
       *Lesser Kestrel, Falco naumanni
       *Amur Falcon, Falco amurensis
       *Merlin, Falco columbarius


       *Bustard quail, Turnix suscitator


   Gruidae: cranes
       *Red-crowned Crane, Grus japonensis
       *Hooded Crane, Grus monacha
       *White-naped Crane, Grus vipio
       *Sandhill Crane, Grus canadensis
       *Common Crane, Grus grus
       *Siberian Crane, Grus leucogeranus
       *Demoiselle Crane, Anthropoides virgo
   Rallidae: rails and crakes
       *Water Rail, Rallus aquaticus
       *Okinawa Rail, Rallus okinawae (Endemic)
       *Slaty-legged Crake, Rallina eurizonoides
       *Swinhoe's Rail, Coturnicops exquisitus
       *Ruddy-breasted Crake, Porzana fusca
       *Baillon's Crake, Porzana pusilla
       *White-browed Rail, Porzana cinerea (Extirpated)
       *White-breasted Waterhen, Amaurornis phoenicurus
       *Watercock, Gallicrex cinerea
       *Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus
       *Common Coot, Fulica atra
   Otidae: bustards
       *Little Bustard, Tetrax tetrax
       *Great Bustard, Otis tarda

Charadriiformes Suborder Charadrii: waders

       *Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Hydrophasianus chirurgus
       *Painted Snipe, Rostratula benghalensis
   Haematopodidae: oystercatchers
       *Common Pied Oystercatcher, Haematopus ostralegus
   Charadriidae: plovers and lapwings
       *Grey-headed Lapwing, Vanellus cinereus
       *Northern Lapwing, Vanellus vanellus
       *Grey Plover, Pluvialis squatarola
       *Pacific Golden Plover, Pluvialis fulva
       *American Golden Plover, Pluvialis dominica
       *Long-billed Ringed Plover, Charadrius placidus
       *Caspian Plover, Charadrius asiaticus
       *Greater Sand Plover, Charadrius leschenaultti
       *Little Ringed Plover, Charadrius dubius
       *Kentish Plover, Charadrius alexandrinus
       *Ringed Plover, Charadrius hiaticula
       *Mongolian Plover, Charadrius mongolus
       *Dotterel, Eudromias morinellus
   Scolopacidae: typical waders or shorebirds
       *Bar-tailed Godwit, Limosa lapponica
       *Black-tailed Godwit, Limosa limosa
       *Little Curlew, Numenius minutus
       *Slender-billed Curlew, Numenius tenuirostris
       *Eurasian Curlew, Numenius arquata
       *Whimbrel, Numenius phaeopus
       *Bristle-thighed Curlew Numenius tahitiensis
       *Far Eastern Curlew, Numenius madagascariensis
       *Greenshank, Tringa nebularia
       *Common Redshank, Tringa totanus
       *Greater Yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca
       *Spotted Greenshank, Tringa guttifer
       *Green Sandpiper, Tringa ochropus
       *Marsh Sandpiper, Tringa stagnatilis
       *Lesser Yellowlegs, Tringa flavipes
       *Wood Sandpiper, Tringa glareola
       *Spotted Redshank, Tringa erythropus
       *Terek Sandpiper, Xenus cinereus
       *Common Sandpiper, Actitis hypoleucos
       *Grey-rumped Sandpiper, Heteroscelus brevipes
       *Wandering Tattler, Heteroscelus incanus
       *Turnstone, Arenaria interpres
       *Amami Woodcock, Scolopax mira (Endemic)
       *Woodcock, Scolopax rusticola
       *Solitary Snipe, Gallinago solitaria
       *Japanese Snipe, Gallinago hardwickii (Breeding endemic)
       *Common Snipe, Gallinago gallinago
       *Swinhoe's Snipe, Gallinago megala
       *Pintail Snipe, Gallinago stenura
       *Jack Snipe, Lymnocryptes minimus
       *Short-billed Dowitcher, Limnodromus griseus
       *Long-billed Dowitcher, Limnodromus scolopaceus
       *Asian Dowitcher, Limnodromus semipalmatus
       *Pectoral Sandpiper, Calidris melanotos
       *Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, Calidris acuminata
       *Temminck's Stint, Calidris temminckii
       *Great Knot, Calidris tenuirostris
       *Red Knot, Calidris canutus
       *Curlew Sandpiper, Calidris ferruginea
       *Rock Sandpiper, Calidris ptilocnemis
       *Red-necked Stint, Calidris ruficollis
       *Little Stint, Calidris minuta
       *Dunlin, Calidris alpina
       *Long-toed Stint, Calidris minutilla
       *Baird's Sandpiper, Calidris bairdii
       *Western Sandpiper, Calidris mauri
       *Sanderling, Calidris alba
       *Spoon-billed Sandpiper, Eurynorhynchus pygmeus
       *Broad-billed Sandpiper, Limicola falcinellus
       *Stilt Sandpiper, Micropalama himantopus
       *Buff-breasted Sandpiper, Tryngites subruficollis
       *Ruff, Philomachus pugnax
       *Red-necked Phalarope, Phalaropus lobatus
       *Wilson's Phalarope, Phalaropus tricolor
       *Grey Phalarope, Phalaropus fulicarius
   Recurvirostridae: avocets and stilts
       *Australian Stilt, Himantopus leucocephalus
       *Black-winged Stilt, Himantopus himantopus
       *Pied Avocet, Recurvirostra avosetta
   Glareolidae: coursers and pratincoles
       *Oriental Pratincole, Glareola meldivarum

Suborder Lari: skuas, gulls & terns

   Stercorariidae: skuas
       *South Polar Skua, Stercorarius maccormicki
       *Arctic Skua, Stercorarius parasiticus
       *Long-tailed Skua, Stercorarius longicaudus
       *Pomarine Skua, Stercorarius pomarinus
   Laridae: gulls
       *Ivory Gull, Pagophila eburnea
       *Iceland Gull, Larus glaucoides
       *Franklin's Gull, Larus pipixcan
       *Black-tailed Gull, Larus crassirostris
       *Great Black-headed Gull, Larus ichthyaetus
       *Slaty-backed Gull, Larus schistisagus
       *Thayer's Gull, Larus thayeri
       *Common Gull, Larus canus
       *California Gull, Larus californicus
       *Ring-billed Gull, Larus delawarensis
       *Relict Gull, Larus relictus
       *Glaucous Gull, Larus hyperboreus
       *Saunders' Gull, Larus saundersi
       *East Siberian Herring Gull, Larus vegae
       *Caspian Gull, Larus cachinnans
       *Herring Gull, Larus argentatus
       *West Siberian Gull, Larus heuglini
       *Lesser Black-backed Gull, Larus fuscus
       *Slender-billed Gull, Larus genei
       *Little Gull, Larus minutus
       *Bonaparte's Gull, Larus philadelphia
       *Black-headed Gull, Larus ridibundus
       *Glaucous-winged Gull, Larus glaucescens
       *Sabine's Gull, Larus sabini
       *Ross's Gull, Rhodostethia rosea
       *Red-legged Kittiwake, Rissa brevirostris
       *Black-legged Kittiwake, Rissa tridactyla
   Sternidae: terns
       *Whiskered Tern, Chlidonias hybrida
       *Black Tern, Chlidonias nigra
       *White-winged Black Tern, Chlidonias leucoptera
       *Gull-billed Tern, Gelochelidon nilotica
       *Caspian Tern, Hydroprogne caspia
       *Little Tern, Sternula albifrons
       *Common Tern, Sterna hirundo
       *Black-naped Tern, Sterna sumatrana
       *Arctic Tern, Sterna paradisaea
       *Aleutian Tern, Sterna aleutica
       *Sooty Tern, Sterna fuscata
       *Spectacled Tern, Sterna lunata
       *Roseate Tern, Sterna dougallii
       *Bridled Tern, Sterna anaethetus
       *Crested Tern, Thalasseus bergii
       *Blue Noddy, Procelsterna cerulea
       *Common Noddy, Anous stolidus
       *White-capped Noddy, Anous minutus
       *White Tern, Gygis alba

Suborder Alcae: auks

   Alcidae: auks
       *Common Guillemot, Uria aalge
       *Brunnich's Guillemot, Uria lomvia
       *Pigeon Guillemot, Cepphus columba
       *Spectacled Guillemot, Cepphus carbo
       *Marbled Murrelet, Brachyramphus marmoratus
       *Ancient Murrelet, Synthliboramphus antiquus
       *Crested Murrelet, Synthliboramphus wumizusume (Breeding endemic)
       *Paroquet Auklet, Cyclorrhynchus psittacula
       *Crested Auklet, Aethia cristatella
       *Least Auklet, Aethia pusilla
       *Whiskered Auklet, Aethia pygmaea
       *Rhinoceros Auklet, Cerorhinca monocerata
       *Horned Puffin, Fratercula corniculata
       *Tufted Puffin, Lunda cirrhata


   Pteroclidae: sandgrouse
       *Pallas's Sandgrouse, Syrrhaptes paradoxus


   Columbidae: pigeons and doves
       *Bonin Wood Pigeon, Columba versicolor (Extinct)
       *Black Wood Pigeon, Columba janthina
       *Ryūkyū Wood Pigeon, Columba jouyi (Extinct)
       *Eastern Turtle Dove, Streptopelia orientalis
       *Collared Dove, Streptopelia decaocta
       *Red Collared Dove, Streptopelia tranquebarica
       *Emerald Dove, Chalcophaps indica
       *Japanese Green Pigeon, Treron sieboldii
       *Formosan Green Pigeon, Treron formosae


   Cuculidae: cuckoos
       *Chestnut-winged Cuckoo, Clamator coromandus
       *European Cuckoo, Cuculus canorus
       *Fugitive Hawk Cuckoo, Cuculus fugax
       *Short-winged Cuckoo, Cuculus micropterus
       *Oriental Cuckoo, Cuculus saturatus
       *Little Cuckoo, Cuculus poliocephalus
       *Asian Drongo-Cuckoo, Surniculus lugubris


   Strigidae: owls
       *Collared Scops Owl, Otus lettia
       *Japanese Scops Owl, Otus semitorques (Endemic)
       *European Scops Owl, Otus scops
       *Oriental Scops Owl, Otus sunia
       *Ryūkyū Scops Owl, Otus elegans
       *Blakiston's Fish Owl, Ketupa blakistoni
       *Eurasian Eagle Owl, Bubo bubo
       *Snowy Owl, Bubo scandiacus
       *Brown Hawk-Owl, Ninox scutulata
       *Ural Owl, Strix uralensis
       *Short-eared Owl, Asio flammeus
       *Long-eared Owl, Asio otus
       *Tengmalm's Owl, Aegolius funereus
   Tytonidae: barn owls
       *Australasian Grass Owl, Tyto longimembris


   Caprimulgidae: nightjars
       *Indian Nightjar, Caprimulgus indicus


   Apodidae: swifts
       *White-throated Needletail, Hirundapus caudacuta
       *Northern White-rumped Swift, Apus pacificus
       *House Swift, Apus affinis


   Cerylidae: water kingfishers
       *Crested Kingfisher, Megaceryle lugubris
   Alcedinidae: river kingfishers
       *Common Kingfisher, Alcedo atthis
   Halcyonidae: tree kingfishers
       *Ruddy Kingfisher, Halcyon coromanda
       *Miyako Kingfisher, Halcyon miyakoensis
       *Black-capped Kingfisher, Halcyon pileata
       *White-collared Kingfisher, Todirhamphus chloris
   Meropidae: bee-eaters
       *Rainbow Bee-eater, Merops ornatus
       *Blue-tailed Bee-eater, Merops philippinus
   Coraciidae: rollers
       *Dollarbird, Eurystomus orientalis


       *Hoopoe, Upupa epops


   Picidae: woodpeckers
       *Wryneck, Jynx torquilla
       *Great Spotted Woodpecker, Picoides major
       *White-backed Woodpecker, Picoides leucotos
       *Lesser Spotted Woodpecker, Picoides minor
       *Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker, Picoides kizuki
       *Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker, Picoides tridactylus
       *White-bellied Black Woodpecker, Dryocopus javensis
       *Black Woodpecker, Dryocopus martius
       *Japanese Green Woodpecker, Picus awokera (Endemic)
       *Grey-headed Woodpecker, Picus canus
       *Okinawa Woodpecker, Sapheopipo noguchii (Endemic)
List of passerine birdsEdit


   *Hooded Pitta, Pitta sordida Rare/Accidental
   *Fairy Pitta, Pitta nympha Vulnerable

Alaudidae: larks

   *Bimaculated Lark, Melanocorypha bimaculata Rare/Accidental
   *Lesser Short-toed Lark, Calandrella rufescens Rare/Accidental
   *Short-toed Lark, Calandrella brachydactyla
   *Skylark, Alauda arvensis
   *Japanese Skylark, Alauda japonica (Endemic)
   *Shore Lark, Eremophila alpestris

Hirundinidae: swallows and martins

   *Sand Martin, Riparia riparia
   *Red-rumped Swallow, Hirundo daurica
   *House (Barn) Swallow, Hirundo rustica
   *Pacific Swallow, Hirundo tahitica
   *House Martin, Delichon urbica Rare/Accidental

Motacillidae: wagtails and pipits

   *Forest Wagtail, Dendronanthus indicus
   *Citrine Wagtail, Motacilla citreola Rare/Accidental
   *Grey Wagtail, Motacilla cinerea
   *Japanese Wagtail, Motacilla grandis
   *Yellow Wagtail, Motacilla flava
   *White Wagtail, Motacilla alba
   *Blyth's Pipit, Anthus godlewskii Rare/Accidental
   *Pechora Pipit, Anthus gustavi Rare/Accidental
   *Water Pipit, Anthus spinoletta
   *Olive-backed Pipit, Anthus hodgsoni
   *Richard's Pipit, Anthus novaeseelandiae
   *Red-throated Pipit, Anthus cervinus
   *Tree Pipit, Anthus trivialis Rare/Accidental


   *Dark-grey Cuckoo Shrike, Coracina melaschistos Rare/Accidental
   *Ashy Minivet, Pericrocotus divaricatus
   *Ryūkyū Minivet, Pericrocotus tegimae (Endemic)


   *Chinese Bulbul, Pycnonotus sinensis
   *Brown-eared Bulbul, Ixos amaurotis


   *Brown Shrike, Lanius cristatus
   *Chinese Great Grey Shrike, Lanius sphenocercus Rare/Accidental
   *Great Grey Shrike, Lanius excubitor
   *Black-headed Shrike, Lanius schach Rare/Accidental
   *Tiger Shrike, Lanius tigrinus
   *Bull-headed Shrike, Lanius bucephalus

Bombycillidae: waxwings

   *Bohemian Waxwing, Bombycilla garrulus
   *Japanese Waxwing, Bombycilla japonica Near-threatened

Cinclidae: dippers

   *Brown Dipper, Cinclus pallasii

Troglodytidae: wrens

   *Winter Wren, Troglodytes troglodytes


   *Alpine Accentor, Prunella collaris
   *Japanese Accentor, Prunella rubida
   *Siberian Accentor, Prunella montanella Rare/Accidental

Turdidae: thrushes

   *Blue Rock Thrush, Monticola solitarius
   *White-throated Rock Thrush, Monticola gularis Rare/Accidental
   *Siberian Ground Thrush, Zoothera sibirica
   *Amami Thrush, Zoothera major (Endemic) Critically endangered
   *Bonin Islands Thrush, Zoothera terrestris (Extinct)
   *White's Thrush, Turdus dauma
   *Izu Thrush, Turdus celaenops (Endemic) Vulnerable
   *Brown Thrush, Turdus chrysolaus
   *Song Thrush, Turdus philomelos Rare/Accidental
   *Grey-backed Thrush, Turdus hortulorum Rare/Accidental
   *Blackbird, Turdus merula
   *Japanese Grey Thrush, Turdus cardis
   *Pale Thrush, Turdus pallidus
   *Dusky Thrush, Turdus naumanni
   *Black-throated Thrush, Turdus ruficollis Rare/Accidental
   *Fieldfare, Turdus pilaris Rare/Accidental
   *Eyebrowed Thrush, Turdus obscurus
   *Mistle Thrush, Turdus viscivorus Rare/Accidental
   *Redwing, Turdus iliacus Rare/Accidental

Sylviidae: Old World warblers

   *Asian Stubtail, Urosphena squameiceps Rare/Accidental
   *Japanese Bush Warbler, Cettia diphone
   *Gray's Grasshopper Warbler, Locustella fasciolata
   *Pallas's Grasshopper Warbler, Locustella certhiola Rare/Accidental
   *Middendorff's Grasshopper Warbler, Locustella ochotensis
   *Lanceolated Warbler, Locustella lanceolata
   *Great Reed Warbler, Acrocephalus arundinaceus
   *Schrenk's Reed Warbler, Acrocephalus bistrigiceps
   *Thick-billed Warbler, Acrocephalus aedon Rare/Accidental
   *Ijima's Willow Warbler, Phylloscopus ijimae (Breeding endemic) Vulnerable
   *Pale-legged Willow Warbler, Phylloscopus tenellipes
   *Pallas's Warbler, Phylloscopus proregulus Rare/Accidental
   *Radde's Warbler, Phylloscopus schwarzi Rare/Accidental
   *Yellow-browed Warbler, Phylloscopus inornatus
   *Eastern Crowned Willow Warbler, Phylloscopus coronatus
   *Dusky Warbler, Phylloscopus fuscatus Rare/Accidental
   *Arctic Warbler, Phylloscopus borealis
   *Zitting Cisticola, Cisticola juncidis
   *Japanese Marsh Warbler, Megalurus pryeri Vulnerable

Regulidae: kinglets

   *Goldcrest, Regulus regulus

Muscicapidae: flycatchers and chats

   *Red-breasted Flycatcher, Ficedula parva
   *Narcissus Flycatcher, Ficedula narcissina
   *Yellow-rumped Flycatcher, Ficedula zanthopygia
   *Mugimaki Flycatcher, Ficedula mugimaki
   *Blue-and-white Flycatcher, Cyanoptila cyanomelana
   *Spot-breasted Flycatcher, Muscicapa griseisticta
   *Brown Flycatcher, Muscicapa latirostris
   *Siberian Flycatcher, Muscicapa sibirica
   *Ferruginous Flycatcher, Muscicapa ferruginea Rare/Accidental
   *Japanese Paradise Flycatcher, Terpsiphone atrocaudata
   *Swinhoe's Robin, Luscinia sibilans
   *Bluethroat, Luscinia svecica
   *Siberian Rubythroat, Luscinia calliope
   *Siberian Blue Robin, Luscinia cyane
   *Ryūkyū Robin, Erithacus komadori (Breeding endemic)
   *Japanese Robin, Erithacus akahige
   *Red-flanked Bluetail, Tarsiger cyanurus
   *Daurian Redstart, Phoenicurus auroreus
   *Black Redstart, Phoenicurus ochruros Rare/Accidental
   *Siberian Stonechat, Saxicola maura
   *Grey Bushchat, Saxicola ferrea Rare/Accidental
   *Isabelline Wheatear, Oenanthe isabellina Rare/Accidental
   *Desert Wheatear, Oenanthe deserti Rare/Accidental
   *Pied Wheatear, Oenanthe pleschanka Rare/Accidental
   *Common Wheatear, Oenanthe oenanthe


   *Long-tailed Tit, Aegithalos caudatus


   *Penduline Tit, Remiz pendulinus

Paridae: titmice

   *Willow Tit, Parus montanus
   *Great Tit, Parus major
   *Marsh Tit, Parus palustris
   *Coal Tit, Parus ater
   *Varied Tit, Parus varius
   *Azure Tit, Parus cyanus Rare/Accidental


   *Bearded Reedling, Panurus biarmicus Rare/Accidental
   *Vinous-throated Parrotbill, Paradoxornis webbianus Rare/Accidental

Sittidae: nuthatches

   *European Nuthatch, Sitta europaea

Certhiidae: treecreepers

   *Common Treecreeper, Certhia familiaris


   *Japanese White-eye, Zosterops japonica
   *Chestnut-flanked White-eye, Zosterops erythropleura Rare/Accidental


   *Bonin Honeyeater, Apalopteron familiare (Endemic) Vulnerable

Emberizidae: buntings

   *Black-faced Bunting, Emberiza spodocephala
   *Reed Bunting, Emberiza schoeniclus
   *Rustic Bunting, Emberiza rustica
   *Yellowhammer, Emberiza citrinella Rare/Accidental
   *Yellow-browed Bunting, Emberiza chrysophrys
   *Japanese Grey Bunting, Emberiza variabilis
   *Japanese Reed Bunting, Emberiza yessoensis Near-threatened
   *Little Bunting, Emberiza pusilla
   *Pallas' Reed Bunting, Emberiza pallasi Rare/Accidental
   *Yellow-breasted Bunting, Emberiza aureola
   *Chestnut Bunting, Emberiza rutila
   *Pine Bunting, Emberiza leucocephala
   *Tristram's Bunting, Emberiza tristrami
   *Ortolan Bunting, Emberiza hortulana Rare/Accidental
   *Black-headed Bunting, Emberiza melanocephala Rare/Accidental
   *Yellow Bunting, Emberiza sulphurata (Endemic) Vulnerable
   *Grey-headed Bunting, Emberiza fucata
   *Siberian Meadow Bunting, Emberiza cioides
   *Yellow-throated Bunting, Emberiza elegans
   *Lapland Bunting, Calcarius lapponicus
   *Snow Bunting, Plectrophenax nivalis
   *Fox Sparrow, Zonotrichia iliaca Rare/Accidental
   *Golden-crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla Rare/Accidental
   *White-crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys Rare/Accidental
   *Savannah Sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis Rare/Accidental

Fringillidae: finches

   *Brambling, Fringilla montifringilla
   *Oriental Greenfinch, Carduelis sinica
   *Eurasian Siskin, Carduelis spinus
   *Arctic Redpoll, Acanthis hornemanni Rare/Accidental
   *Redpoll, Acanthis flammea
   *Asian Rosy Finch, Leucosticte arctoa
   *Long-tailed Rosefinch, Uragus sibiricus
   *Common Rosefinch, Carpodacus erythrinus
   *Pallas's Rosefinch, Carpodacus roseus
   *Bonin Grosbeak, Chaunoproctus ferreorostris (Extinct)
   *Pine Grosbeak, Pinicola enucleator
   *Red Crossbill, Loxia curvirostra
   *White-winged Crossbill, Loxia leucoptera Rare/Accidental
   *Eurasian Bullfinch, Pyrrhula pyrrhula
   *Hawfinch, Coccothraustes coccothraustes
   *Yellow-billed Grosbeak, Eophona migratoria
   *Japanese Grosbeak, Eophona personata


   *White-rumped Munia, Lonchura striata (Introduced species)


   *Tree Sparrow, Passer montanus
   *Cinnamon Sparrow, Passer rutilans

Sturnidae: starlings

   *Chinese Starling, Sturnus sinensis
   *Silky Starling, Sturnus sericeus Rare/Accidental
   *Violet-backed Starling, Sturnus philippensis
   *Daurian Starling, Sturnus sturninus Rare/Accidental
   *Rosy Starling, Sturnus roseus Rare/Accidental
   *Common Starling, Sturnus vulgaris
   *Grey Starling, Sturnus cineraceus
   *Chinese Jungle Mynah, Acridotheres cristatellus Rare/Accidental

Oriolidae: orioles

   *Black-naped Oriole, Oriolus chinensis


   *Black Drongo, Dicrurus macrocercus Rare/Accidental


   *White-breasted Woodswallow, Artamus leucorhynchus Rare/Accidental

Corvidae: crows

   *Eurasian Jay, Garrulus glandarius
   *Lidth's Jay, Garrulus lidthi (Endemic) Vulnerable
   *Azure-winged Magpie, Cyanopica cyana
   *European Magpie, Pica pica
   *Spotted Nutcracker, Nucifraga caryocatactes
   *Jungle Crow, Corvus macrorhynchos
   *Carrion Crow, Corvus corone
   *Rook, Corvus frugilegus
   *Common Raven, Corvus corax
   *Daurian Jackdaw, Corvus dauuricus
   *Jackdaw, Corvus monedula Rare/Accidental
   *House Crow, Corvus splendens Rare/Accidental