Field Guide/Birds/India

Template:Wildlife of India This is a list of the bird species recorded in India. The avifauna of India includes around 1301 species, of which 42 are endemic, 1 has been introduced by humans, and 26 are rare or accidental. Two species have been extirpated in India and 82 species are globally threatened. The Indian Peacock (Pavo cristatus) is the national bird of India.[1]

More recent birds discovered in India include the Bugun Liocichla which was discovered in Arunachal Pradesh in 2006. Besides this, a few birds considered to be extinct have been rediscovered an example being the Jerdon's Courser. Some others have been elevated from subspecies to full species.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families, and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) are broadly based on the International Ornithologists’ Union list (version 3.2). The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflects this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account.

The following tags have been used to highlight certain relevant categories, but not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring, native species.

  • (A) Accidental A species that rarely or accidentally occurs in India.
  • (E) Endemic A species endemic to India.
  • (I) Introduced A species introduced to India as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions.
  • (Ex) Extirpated A species that no longer occurs in India although populations exist elsewhere.

Table of contents

Non-passerines: Megapodes . Pheasants and partridges . Ducks, geese and swans . Loons . Shearwaters and petrels . Storm petrels . Grebes . Flamingos . Tropicbirds . Storks . Ibises and spoonbills . Bitterns, herons and egrets . Pelicans . Frigatebirds . Boobies and gannets . Cormorants . Darters . Osprey . Hawks, kites and eagles . Falcons . Bustards . Finfoot . Rails, crakes, gallinules, and coots . Cranes . Buttonquails . Thick-knees . Oystercatchers . Crab Plover . Ibisbill . Avocets and stilts . Plovers and lapwings . Painted snipe . Jacanas . Sandpipers and allies . Pratincoles and coursers . Gulls . Terns . Skimmers . Skuas . Sandgrouse . Pigeons and doves . Parrots and allies . Cuckoos . Barn owls . Typical owls . Frogmouths . Nightjars . Treeswifts . Swifts . Trogons . Typical rollers . Kingfishers . Bee-eaters . Hoopoes . Hornbills . Barbets . Honeyguides . Woodpeckers and allies .

Passerines: Broadbills . Pittas . Woodshrikes . Woodswallows . Ioras . Cuckoo-shrikes . Whistlers and allies . Shrikes . Old World orioles . Drongos . Fantails . Monarch flycatchers . Crows, jays, ravens and magpies . Waxwings . Grey Hypocolius . Titmice . Penduline tits . Long-tailed tits . Larks . Bulbuls . Swallows and martins . Old World warblers . Cisticolas and allies . Babblers . Parrotbills . White-eyes . Fairy-bluebirds . Goldcrest . Wrens . Nuthatches . Wallcreeper . Treecreepers . Starlings . Thrushes and allies . Old World flycatchers . Dippers . Leafbirds . Flowerpeckers . Sunbirds and spiderhunters . Sparrows . Weavers and allies . Waxbills and allies . Accentors . Wagtails and pipits . Siskins, crossbills and allies . Buntings .

See also       References


Order: Galliformes. Family: Megapodiidae

The Megapodiidae are stocky, medium-large chicken-like birds with small heads and large feet. All but the Malleefowl occupy jungle habitats, and most have brown or black colouring. There are 21 species worldwide and 1 species occurs within the political limits of India.

  • Nicobar Scrubfowl Megapodius nicobariensis

Pheasants and partridgesEdit

Indian Peafowl

Order: Galliformes. Family: Phasianidae

The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds which consists of quails, partridges, snowcocks, francolins, spurfowl, tragopans, monals, pheasants, peafowls and jungle fowls. In general, they are plump (although they may vary in size) and have broad, relatively short wings. There are 156 species worldwide and 46 species which occur in India.

  • Snow Partridge Lerwa lerwa
  • Szecheny's Partridge Tetraophasis szechenyii (Hypothetical per Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Tibetan Snowcock Tetraogallus tibetanus
  • Himalayan Snowcock Tetraogallus himalayensis
  • Chukar Alectoris chukar
  • See-see Partridge Ammoperdix griseogularis
  • Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus
Asian Blue Quail
  • Painted Francolin Francolinus pictus
  • Chinese Francolin Francolinus pintadeanus
  • Grey Francolin Francolinus pondicerianus
  • Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis
  • Tibetan Partridge Perdix hodgsoniae
  • Himalayan Quail Ophrysia superciliosa (Ex)
  • Japanese Quail Coturnix japonica
  • Common Quail Coturnix coturnix
  • Rain Quail Coturnix coromandelica
  • Blue-breasted Quail Coturnix chinensis
  • Jungle Bush-Quail Perdicula asiatica
  • Rock Bush-Quail Perdicula argoondah (E)
  • Painted Bush-Quail Perdicula erythrorhyncha (E)
  • Manipur Bush-Quail Perdicula manipurensis (E)
  • Hill Partridge Arborophila torqueola
  • Chestnut-breasted Partridge Arborophila mandellii
  • Rufous-throated Partridge Arborophila rufogularis
  • White-cheeked Partridge Arborophila atrogularis
  • Mountain Bamboo-Partridge Bambusicola fytchii
  • Red Spurfowl Galloperdix spadicea (E)
    White Eared-Pheasant
  • Painted Spurfowl Galloperdix lunulata (E)
  • Blood Pheasant Ithaginis cruentus
  • Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus
  • Satyr Tragopan Tragopan satyra
  • Blyth's Tragopan Tragopan blythii
  • Temminck's Tragopan Tragopan temminckii
  • Koklass Pheasant Pucrasia macrolopha
  • Himalayan Monal Lophophorus impejanus
  • Sclater's Monal Lophophorus sclateri
  • Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus
  • Grey Junglefowl Gallus sonneratii (E)
  • Kalij Pheasant Lophura leucomelanos
  • White Eared-Pheasant Crossoptilon crossoptilon (Possible according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichi
  • Mrs. Hume's Pheasant Syrmaticus humiae
  • Grey Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron bicalcaratum
  • Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus
  • Green Peafowl Pavo muticus (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)

Ducks, geese and swansEdit

Order: Anseriformes. Family: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 45 species which occur in India.

Bar-headed Goose
  • Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
  • Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
  • White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala
  • Bean Goose Anser fabalis
  • Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons
  • Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus
  • Greylag Goose Anser anser
  • Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
  • Snow Goose Chen caerulescens (A) (Vagrant recorded once)
  • Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis (Hypothetical)
  • Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
  • Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
    Tufted Duck
  • White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata
  • Knob-billed Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
  • Cotton Pygmy-goose Nettapus coromandelianus
  • Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata (A)
  • Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
  • Falcated Duck Anas falcata
  • Gadwall Anas strepera
  • Baikal Teal Anas formosa
  • Eurasian Teal Anas crecca
  • Andaman Teal Anas albogularis
  • Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
  • Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
  • Chinese Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha
  • Northern Pintail Anas acuta
  • Garganey Anas querquedula
  • Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
  • Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris
  • Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
  • Pink-headed Duck Netta caryophyllacea (Ex)
  • Common Pochard Aythya ferina
  • Ferruginous Pochard Aythya nyroca
  • Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri
  • Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
  • Greater Scaup Aythya marila
  • Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis (A)
  • Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
  • Smew Mergellus albellus
  • Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator (A)
  • Common Merganser Mergus merganser
  • Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus (race bewickii sometimes treated as a species)[2]


Order: Gaviiformes. Family: Gaviidae

Loons, known as "divers", in Europe, are a group of aquatic birds found in northern North America and northern Eurasia. They are the size of a large duck or small goose, which they somewhat resembles in shape when swimming, but they are completely unrelated to these waterfowl. There are 5 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.

  • Black-throated Loon (Gavia arctica)

Shearwaters and petrelsEdit

Order: Procellariiformes. Family: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized 'true petrels', characterised by united nostrils with a medium septum, and a long outer functional primary. There are 75 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in India.

  • Cape Petrel Daption capense
  • Mascarene Petrel Pseudobulweria aterrima (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen & Anderton (2005))
  • Barau's Petrel Pterodroma baraui
  • Bulwer's Petrel Bulweria bulwerii
  • Jouanin's Petrel Bulweria fallax
  • Streaked Shearwater Calonectris leucomelas
  • Flesh-footed Shearwater Puffinus carneipes
  • Wedge-tailed Shearwater Puffinus pacificus
  • Short-tailed Shearwater Puffinus tenuirostris
  • Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri
  • Persian Shearwater Puffinus persicus

Storm petrelsEdit

Wilson's Storm Petrel

Order: Procellariiformes. Family: Hydrobatidae

The storm petrels are relatives of the petrels, and are the smallest of seabirds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in India.

  • Wilson's Storm Petrel Oceanites oceanicus
  • White-faced Storm Petrel Pelagodroma marina
  • Black-bellied Storm Petrel Fregetta tropica
  • White-bellied Storm Petrel Fregetta grallaria (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen & Anderton 2006)
  • Swinhoe's Storm Petrel Oceanodroma monorhis
  • Matsudaira's Storm Petrel Oceanodroma matsudairae (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen & Anderton 2006)


Little Grebe

Order: Podicipediformes. Family: Podicipedidae

Grebes are small to medium-large sized freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes, and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in India.

  • Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
  • Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena (rare vagrant, Pong dam,[3] Rajkot[4])
  • Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
  • Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus
  • Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis


Order: Phoenicopteriformes. Family: Phoenicopteridae

Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet high, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. They are more numerous in the latter. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly-shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume, and are uniquely used upside-down. There are 6 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.

  • Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus
  • Lesser Flamingo Phoenicopterus minor


Red-tailed Tropicbird

Order: Pelecaniformes. Family: Phaethontidae

Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings. There are 3 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.

  • Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus
  • Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda
  • White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus


Order: Ciconiiformes. Family: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute; bill-clattering is an important mode of stork communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory. There are 19 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in India.

Black-necked Stork
  • Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
  • Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
  • Black Stork Ciconia nigra
  • Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
  • White Stork Ciconia ciconia
  • Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton 2005)
  • Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
  • Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus
  • Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius

Ibises and spoonbillsEdit

Eurasian Spoonbill

Order: Ciconiiformes. Family: Threskiornithidae

The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in India.

  • Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
  • Red-naped Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
  • Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
  • Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia

Bitterns, herons and egretsEdit

Little Bittern

Order: Ciconiiformes. Family: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide and 21 species which occur in India.

Eastern Great Egret
  • Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
  • White-bellied Heron Ardea insignis
  • Great-billed Heron Ardea sumatrana (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Goliath Heron Ardea goliath (A)
  • Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
  • Eastern Great Egret Ardea modesta
  • Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia
  • Western Reef Heron Egretta gularis
  • Little Egret Egretta garzetta
  • Pacific Reef Heron Egretta sacra
  • Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
  • Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus
  • Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis coromandus (Treated as a full species Bubulcus coromandus by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005 and sometimes called the Eastern Cattle Egret)
  • Striated Heron Butorides striata
  • Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
  • Malayan Night Heron Gorsachius melanolophus
  • Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
  • Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus
  • Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
  • Black Bittern Ixobrychus flavicollis
  • Great Bittern Botaurus stellaris


Great White Pelican

Order: Pelecaniformes. Family: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. There are 8 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.

  • Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus
  • Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis
  • Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus


Great Frigatebird

Order: Pelecaniformes. Family: Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large seabirds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black and white or completely black, with long wings and deeply-forked tails. The males have inflatable coloured throat pouches. They do not swim or walk, and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are 5 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.

  • Christmas Island Frigatebird Fregata andrewsi
  • Great Frigatebird Fregata minor
  • Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel

Boobies and gannetsEdit

Brown Booby

Order: Pelecaniformes. Family: Sulidae

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups comprise medium-to-large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish. There are 9 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in India.

  • Abbott's Booby Sula abbotti (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen & Anderton 2006)
  • Masked Booby Sula dactylatra
  • Red-footed Booby Sula sula
  • Brown Booby Sula leucogaster


Great Cormorant

Order: Pelecaniformes. Family: Phalacrocoracidae

The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating seabirds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.

  • Indian Cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
  • Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
  • Little Cormorant Microcarbo niger


Order: Pelecaniformes. Family: Anhingidae

Darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged. The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.

  • Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster


Order: Falconiformes. Family: Pandionidae

The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the Osprey. The Osprey is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.

  • Osprey Pandion haliaetus

Hawks, kites and eaglesEdit

Crested Honey Buzzard
Black Kite

Order: Falconiformes. Family: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species worldwide and 57 species which occur in India.

  • Jerdon's Baza Aviceda jerdoni
  • Black Baza Aviceda leuphotes
  • Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus
  • Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus
  • Red Kite Milvus milvus (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton 2005)
  • Black Kite Milvus migrans
  • Black-eared Kite Milvus migrans lineatus
  • Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus
  • White-bellied Sea Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster
  • Pallas's Fish Eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus
  • White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla
  • Lesser Fish-eagle Ichthyophaga humilis
  • Grey-headed Fish-eagle Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
  • Lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus
  • Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus
  • White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis
  • Indian Vulture Gyps indicus
  • Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris
  • Himalayan Vulture Gyps himalayensis
  • Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus
  • Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus
  • Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus
  • Short-toed Snake Eagle Circaetus gallicus
  • Nicobar Serpent-eagle Spilornis klossi
  • Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela
  • Andaman Serpent Eagle Spilornis elgini
  • Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
  • Eastern Marsh Harrier Circus spilonotus (A) (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus
  • Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus
  • Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos
  • Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus
  • Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus
  • Shikra Accipiter badius
  • Nicobar Sparrowhawk Accipiter butleri
  • Chinese Sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis
  • Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis
  • Besra Accipiter virgatus
  • Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
Golden Eagle
  • Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
  • White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa
  • Eurasian Buzzard Buteo buteo (race vulpinus)
  • Himalayan Buzzard Buteo burmanicus (earlier treated under Buteo japonicus)
  • Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus
  • Upland Buzzard Buteo hemilasius
  • Black Eagle Ictinaetus malayensis
  • Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina (Possible according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Indian Spotted Eagle Aquila hastata (earlier treated as A. pomarina hastata)
  • Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga
  • Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax
  • Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis
  • Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca
  • Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
  • Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciatus
  • Booted Eagle Aquila pennata
  • Rufous-bellied Hawk-Eagle Lophotriorchis kienerii
  • Crested Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus cirrhatus (Spizaetus restricted to the neotropics by Gjershaug et al., 2008)
  • Nisaetus limnaetus (split from cirrhatus by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Mountain Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus nipalensis
  • Legge's Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus kelaarti


Order: Falconiformes. Family: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in India.

  • Collared Falconet Microhierax caerulescens
  • Pied Falconet Microhierax melanoleucus
  • Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni
  • Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
  • Red-necked Falcon Falco chicquera
  • Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Amur Falcon Falco amurensis
  • Merlin Falco columbarius
  • Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo
  • Oriental Hobby Falco severus
  • Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus
  • Laggar Falcon Falco jugger
  • Saker Falcon Falco cherrug
  • Barbary Falcon Falco pelegrinoides (Specifically F. peregrinus babylonicus according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus


Order: Gruiformes. Family: Otididae

Bustards are large terrestrial birds mainly associated with dry open country and steppes in the Old World. They are omnivorous and nest on the ground. They walk steadily on strong legs and big toes, pecking for food as they go. They have long broad wings with "fingered" wingtips, and striking patterns in flight. Many have interesting mating displays. There are 26 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in India.

  • Great Bustard Otis tarda (Recorded only in NW Pakistan, Afghanistan)
  • Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps (E)
  • Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata (race macqueeni raised to full species and not found in region)
  • Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis
  • Lesser Florican Sypheotides indicus (syn. Eupodotis indica)
  • Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax


Order: Gruiformes. Family: Heliornithidae

The Heliornithidae are small family of tropical birds with webbed lobes on their feet similar to those of grebes and coots. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.

  • Masked Finfoot Heliopais personata

Rails, crakes, gallinules, and cootsEdit

Order: Gruiformes. Family: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in India.

  • Andaman Crake Rallina canningi
  • Red-legged Crake Rallina fasciata (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Slaty-legged Crake Rallina eurizonoides
  • Slaty-breasted Rail Gallirallus striatus
  • Water Rail Rallus aquaticus
    Eurasian Coot
  • Corn Crake Crex crex (A)
  • Brown Crake Amaurornis akool
  • White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
  • Black-tailed Crake Amaurornis bicolor
  • Little Crake Porzana parva
  • Baillon's Crake Porzana pusilla
  • Spotted Crake Porzana porzana
  • Ruddy-breasted Crake Porzana fusca
  • Watercock Gallicrex cinerea
  • Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio (ssp. P. p. poliocephalus raised to species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
  • Eurasian Coot Fulica atra


Sarus Crane

Order: Gruiformes. Family: Gruidae

Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". There are 15 species worldwide and 5 species have been recorded from India.

  • Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo
  • Siberian Crane Grus leucogeranus (The population that wintered in India until 2002 is believed to be extinct[5])
  • Sarus Crane Grus antigone
  • Common Crane Grus grus
  • Black-necked Crane Grus nigricollis

The Hooded Crane Grus monacha was included in many older lists but is considered as hypothetical by more recent workers.(Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)


Order: Gruiformes. Family: Turnicidae

The buttonquails are small, drab, running birds which resemble the true quails.The female is the brighter of the sexes, and initiates courtship. The male incubates the eggs and tends the young. There are 16 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.

Barred Buttonquail
  • Common Buttonquail Turnix sylvaticus
  • Yellow-legged Buttonquail Turnix tanki
  • Barred Buttonquail Turnix suscitator


Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Burhinidae

The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. There are 9 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.

  • Eurasian Thick-knee Burhinus oedicnemus
  • Great Thick-knee Burhinus recurvirostris
  • Beach Thick-knee Burhinus magnirostris


Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Haematopodidae

The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs. There are 11 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.

  • Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus

Crab PloverEdit

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Dromadidae

The Crab Plover is related to the waders. It resembles a plover but with very long grey legs and a strong heavy black bill similar to a tern. It has black and white plumage, a long neck, partially webbed feet and a bill designed for eating crabs.

  • Crab Plover Dromas ardeola



Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Ibidorhynchidae

The Ibisbill is a bird related to the waders, but sufficiently distinctive to merit its own family. The adult is grey with a white belly, red legs and long down curved bill, and a black face and black breast band.

  • Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii

Avocets and stiltsEdit

Black-winged Stilt

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.

  • Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
  • Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta

Plovers and lapwingsEdit

Grey Plover
Red-wattled Lapwing

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide and 20 species which occur in India.

  • Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
  • River Lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii
  • Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
  • Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus
  • Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
  • Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius
  • White-tailed Lapwing Vanellus leucurus
  • Pacific Golden-Plover Pluvialis fulva
  • American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica
  • European Golden-Plover Pluvialis apricaria
  • Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
  • Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
  • Long-billed Plover Charadrius placidus
  • Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
  • Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus
  • Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii
  • Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus
  • Oriental Plover Charadrius veredus
  • Black-fronted Dotterel Elseyornis melanops (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)

Painted snipeEdit

Greater Painted-snipe

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Rostratulidae

Painted snipe are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.

  • Greater Painted-snipe Rostratula benghalensis


Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Jacanidae

The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found worldwide in the Tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. There 8 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.

  • Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
  • Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus

Sandpipers and alliesEdit

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Scolopacidae

The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide and 43 species which occur in India.

Common Greenshank
  • Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola
  • Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus
  • Solitary Snipe Gallinago solitaria
  • Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola
  • Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
  • Swinhoe's Snipe Gallinago megala
  • Great Snipe Gallinago media
  • Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
  • Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus (A)[6]
  • Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus
  • Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
  • Also Limosa limosa melanuroides (coastal and possibly a full species according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
  • Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Green Sandpiper
  • Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
  • Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
  • Common Redshank Tringa totanus
  • Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
  • Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
  • Nordmann's Greenshank Tringa guttifer
  • Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
  • Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
  • Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus
  • Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
  • Grey-tailed Tattler Heterosceles brevipes (A)
  • Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
  • Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris
  • Red Knot Calidris canutus (A)
  • Sanderling Calidris alba
  • Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis
  • Little Stint Calidris minuta
  • Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii
  • Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta
  • Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos (A)
  • Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata (A)
  • Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
  • Dunlin Calidris alpina
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper Eurynorhynchus pygmeus (A)
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus
  • Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis (A)
  • Ruff Philomachus pugnax
  • Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
  • Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius (A)

Pratincoles and coursersEdit

Small Pratincole

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Glareolidae

Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings and long pointed bills which curve downwards. There are 17 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in India.

  • Cream-coloured Courser Cursorius cursor
  • Indian Courser Cursorius coromandelicus
  • Jerdon's Courser Rhinoptilus bitorquatus (E)
  • Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola
  • Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum
  • Small Pratincole Glareola lactea


Common Gull
Black-headed Gull

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 55 species worldwide and around 11 species which occur in India. The identity of some species earlier included under Herring Gull are now questioned.

  • Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii
  • Common Gull Larus canus
  • Herring Gull Larus argentatus (Species boundary not well defined and is part of a complex)
  • Heuglin's Gull Larus heuglini
  • Steppe Gull Larus heuglini barabensis
  • Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Great Black-headed Gull Larus ichthyaetus
  • Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Relict Gull Larus relictus (Possible according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
  • Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
  • Slender-billed Gull Larus genei
  • Little Gull Larus minutus
  • Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla


Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Sternidae

Terns are a group of generally general medium to large seabirds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species now known to live in excess of 25 to 30 years. There are 44 species worldwide and 23 species which occur in India.

Caspian Tern
  • Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica
  • Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia
  • Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensis
  • Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis
  • Great Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii
  • River Tern Sterna aurantia
  • Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii
  • Black-naped Tern Sterna sumatrana
  • Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Arctic Tern
  • Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea
  • Little Tern Sterna albifrons
  • Saunders's Tern Sterna saundersi
  • White-cheeked Tern Sterna repressa
  • Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
  • Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus
  • Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata
  • Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida
  • White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus
  • Black Tern Chlidonias niger (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Lesser Noddy Anous tenuirostris
  • Black Noddy Anous minutus
  • Brown Noddy Anous stolidus
  • White Tern Gygis alba


Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Rynchopidae

Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.

  • Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis


Arctic Skua

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Stercorariidae

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. There are 7 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in India.

  • South Polar Skua Stercorarius maccormicki
  • Pomarine Skua Stercorarius pomarinus
  • Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus
  • Brown Skua Catharcta antarctica


Painted Sandgrouse

Order: Pterocliformes. Family: Pteroclidae

Sandgrouse have small, pigeon like heads and necks, but sturdy compact bodies. They have long pointed wings and sometimes tails and a fast direct flight. Flocks fly to watering holes at dawn and dusk. Their legs are feathered down to the toes. There are 16 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in India. India has the largest number of sandgrouse of any country.

  • Tibetan Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes tibetanus
  • Pallas's Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus
  • Pin-tailed Sandgrouse Pterocles alchata
  • Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles exustus
  • Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus
  • Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis
  • Crowned Sandgrouse Pterocles coronatus
  • Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse Pterocles lichtensteinii
  • Painted Sandgrouse Pterocles indicus

Pigeons and dovesEdit

Order: Columbiformes. Family: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. There are 308 species worldwide and 28 species which occur in India.

Rock Pigeon
  • Rock Pigeon Columba livia
  • Hill Pigeon Columba rupestris
  • Snow Pigeon Columba leuconota
  • Yellow-eyed Pigeon Columba eversmanni
  • Common Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus
  • Speckled Wood Pigeon Columba hodgsonii
  • Ashy Wood Pigeon Columba pulchricollis
  • Nilgiri Wood Pigeon Columba elphinstonii (E)
  • Pale-capped Pigeon Columba punicea
  • Andaman Wood Pigeon Columba palumboides
  • Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis
  • Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto
  • Red Collared-Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica
  • Laughing Dove Spilopelia senegalensis
  • Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis
  • Barred Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia unchall
Laughing Dove
  • Andaman Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia rufipennis
  • Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica
  • Nicobar Pigeon Caloenas nicobarica
  • Orange-breasted Green Pigeon Treron bicinctus
  • Grey-fronted Green Pigeon Treron affinis (in some classifications it is split from Treron pompadora which is resident in Sri Lanka)
  • Ashy-headed Green Pigeon Treron phayrei (raised to species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Thick-billed Green Pigeon Treron curvirostra
  • Yellow-footed Green Pigeon Treron phoenicopterus
  • Pin-tailed Green Pigeon Treron apicauda
  • Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon Treron sphenurus
  • Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea
  • Nicobar Imperial Pigeon Ducula nicobarica (raised to species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Mountain Imperial Pigeon Ducula badia
  • Pied Imperial Pigeon Ducula bicolor

Parrots and alliesEdit

Rose-ringed Parakeet

Order: Psittaciformes. Family: Psittacidae

Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape. Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and the have a generally erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two back. There are 335 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in India.

  • Alexandrine Parakeet Psittacula eupatria
  • Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri
  • Slaty-headed Parakeet Psittacula himalayana
  • Grey-headed Parakeet Psittacula finschii
  • Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala
  • Blossom-headed Parakeet Psittacula roseata
  • Blue-winged Parakeet Psittacula columboides (Endemic)
  • Red-breasted Parakeet Psittacula alexandri
  • Nicobar Parakeet Psittacula caniceps
  • Long-tailed Parakeet Psittacula longicauda
  • Vernal Hanging-Parrot Loriculus vernalis


Order: Cuculiformes. Family: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Many are brood parasites. There are 138 species worldwide and 21 species which occur in India.

Common Hawk-Cuckoo
  • Pied Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus
  • Chestnut-winged Cuckoo Clamator coromandus
  • Large Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides
  • Common Hawk-Cuckoo Hieroccycx varius
  • Hodgson's Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx nisicolor (also called Whistling Hawk-Cuckoo)
  • Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus
  • Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
  • Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus
  • Lesser Cuckoo Cuculus poliocephalus
  • Banded Bay Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii
  • Plaintive Cuckoo Cacomantis merulinus
  • Grey-bellied Cuckoo Cacomantis passerinus
  • Asian Emerald Cuckoo Chrysococcyx maculatus
  • Violet Cuckoo Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
  • Asian Drongo-Cuckoo Surniculus lugubris
  • Surniculus dicruroides (Fork-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo)
  • Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus
  • Blue-faced Malkoha Phaenicophaeus viridirostris
  • Green-billed Malkoha Phaenicophaeus tristis
  • Sirkeer Malkoha Taccocua leschenaultii
  • Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis
  • Andaman Coucal Centropus andamanensis
  • Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis

Barn owlsEdit

Barn Owl

Order: Strigiformes. Family: Tytonidae

Barn owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.

  • Australasian Grass-Owl Tyto longimembris
  • Barn Owl Tyto alba
  • Andaman Barn Owl Tyto deroepstorffi (raised to full species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Oriental Bay-Owl Phodilus badius (Eastern Himalayas)
  • Ceylon Bay-Owl Phodilus assimilis (Western Ghats race ripleyi and Sri Lankan race assimilis included here by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)

Typical owlsEdit

Order: Strigiformes. Family: Strigidae

Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species worldwide and 33 species which occur in India.

  • Andaman Scops-Owl Otus balli
  • Mountain Scops-Owl Otus spilocephalus
  • Indian Scops-Owl Otus bakkamoena
  • Collared Scops-Owl Otus lettia
  • Pallid Scops-Owl Otus brucei
    Tawny Owl
  • Oriental Scops-Owl Otus sunia
  • Nicobar Scops-Owl Otus alius
  • Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo
  • Indian Eagle-Owl Bubo bengalensis
  • Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl Bubo nipalensis
  • Dusky Eagle-Owl Bubo coromandus
  • Brown Fish-Owl Ketupa zeylonensis
  • Tawny Fish-Owl Ketupa flavipes
  • Buffy Fish-Owl Ketupa ketupu
  • Mottled Wood Owl Strix ocellata
  • Brown Wood Owl Strix leptogrammica
  • Tawny Owl Strix aluco
  • Himalayan Wood-Owl Strix nivicola (Elevated to species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Collared Owlet Glaucidium brodiei
  • Asian Barred Owlet Glaucidium cuculoides
  • Jungle Owlet Glaucidium radiatum
  • Spotted Owlet Athene brama
  • Forest Owlet Athene blewitti (E)
  • Little Owl Athene noctua
  • Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus
  • Andaman Hawk-Owl Ninox affinis
  • Brown Hawk-Owl Ninox scutulata
  • Hume's Hawk-Owl Ninox obscura (Elevated to species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Long-eared Owl Asio otus
  • Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus


Order: Caprimulgiformes. Family: Podargidae

The frogmouths are a group of nocturnal birds related to the nightjars. They are named for their large flattened hooked bills and huge frog-like gape, which they use to take insects. There are 12 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.

  • Ceylon Frogmouth Batrachostomus moniliger
  • Hodgson's Frogmouth Batrachostomus hodgsoni


Order: Caprimulgiformes. Family: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in India.

Large-tailed Nightjar
  • Great Eared-Nightjar Eurostopodus macrotis
  • Indian Jungle Nightjar Caprimulgus indicus
  • Grey Nightjar Caprimulgus jotaka (Elevated to species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Eurasian Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus
  • Sykes's Nightjar Caprimulgus mahrattensis
  • Large-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus
  • Andaman Nightjar Caprimulgus andamanicus (E)
  • Jerdon's Nightjar Caprimulgus atripennis
  • Indian Nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus
  • Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis


Crested Treeswift

Order: Apodiformes. Family: Hemiprocnidae

The treeswifts or crested swifts are aerial near passerine birds, closely related to the true swifts. They differ from the other swifts in that they have crests, long forked tails and softer plumage. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.

  • Crested Treeswift Hemiprocne coronata


Order: Apodiformes. Family: Apodidae

Swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in India.

Young Common Swift
  • Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta
  • Indian Swiftlet Aerodramus unicolor
  • Himalayan Swiftlet Aerodramus brevirostris
  • Black-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus maximus
  • Edible-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus fuciphagus
  • White-rumped Needletail Zoonavena sylvatica
  • White-throated Needletail Hirundapus caudacutus
  • Silver-backed Needletail Hirundapus cochinchinensis
  • Brown-backed Needletail Hirundapus giganteus
  • Asian Palm-Swift Cypsiurus balasiensis
  • Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba
  • Common Swift Apus apus
  • Pallid Swift Apus pallidus
  • Fork-tailed Swift Apus pacificus (specifically the population split as Blyth's Swift Apus leuconyx)
  • Dark-rumped Swift Apus acuticauda
  • Little Swift Apus affinis (House Swift Apus nipalensis needs study per Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)


Order: Trogoniformes. Family: Trogonidae

The family Trogonidae includes trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage. There are 33 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.

  • Malabar Trogon Harpactes fasciatus
  • Red-headed Trogon Harpactes erythrocephalus
  • Ward's Trogon Harpactes wardi

Typical rollersEdit

European Roller

Order: Coraciiformes. Family: Coraciidae

Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not. There are 12 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.

  • European Roller Coracias garrulus
  • Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis
  • Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis.


Order: Coraciiformes. Family: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in India.

Common Kingfisher
  • Blyth's Kingfisher Alcedo hercules
  • Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
  • Blue-eared Kingfisher Alcedo meninting
  • Black-backed Kingfisher Ceyx erithaca
  • Rufous-backed Kingfisher Ceyx rufidorsa (Accidental from 'Sikkim terai' - included by Rasmussen and Anderton,2005)
  • Brown-winged Kingfisher Pelargopsis amauroptera
  • Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis
  • Ruddy Kingfisher Halcyon coromanda
  • White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis
  • Black-capped Kingfisher Halcyon pileata
  • Collared Kingfisher Todirhamphus chloris
  • Crested Kingfisher Ceryle lugubris
  • Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis


Green Bee-eater

Order: Coraciiformes. Family: Meropidae

The bee-eaters are a group of near passerine birds in the family Meropidae. Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, Madagascar, Australia and New Guinea. They are characterised by richly coloured plumage, slender bodies and usually elongated central tail feathers. All are colorful and have long downturned bills and pointed wings, which give them a swallow-like appearance when seen from afar. There are 26 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in India.

  • Blue-bearded Bee-eater Nyctyornis athertoni
  • Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis
  • Blue-cheeked Bee-eater Merops persicus
  • Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus
  • European Bee-eater Merops apiaster
  • Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaulti


Order: Coraciiformes. Family: Upupidae

Hoopoes have black, white and orangey-pink colouring with a large erectile crest on their head. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.

  • Hoopoe Upupa epops


Indian Grey Hornbill

Order: Coraciiformes. Family: Bucerotidae

Hornbills are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cow's horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible. Frequently, the bill is brightly coloured. There are 57 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in India.

  • Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus (E)
  • Indian Grey Hornbill Ocyceros birostris
  • Malabar Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros coronatus
  • Oriental Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris
  • Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis
  • Brown Hornbill Anorrhinus austeni
  • Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis
  • Wreathed Hornbill Aceros undulatus
  • Narcondam Hornbill Aceros narcondami


Blue-throated Barbet

Order: Piciformes. Family: Megalaimidae

The barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Most species are brightly coloured. There are 84 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in India.

  • Great Barbet Megalaima virens
  • Brown-headed Barbet Megalaima zeylanica
  • Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata
  • White-cheeked Barbet Megalaima viridis (E)
  • Golden-throated Barbet Megalaima franklinii
  • Blue-throated Barbet Megalaima asiatica
  • Blue-eared Barbet Megalaima australis
  • Malabar Barbet Megalaima malabarica (Western Ghats only, split by Rasmussen and Anderton (2005) with the Crimson-fronted Barbet Megalaima rubricapillus referring to the Sri Lankan species Rasmussen )
  • Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala


Order: Piciformes. Family: Indicatoridae

Honeyguides are among the few birds that feed on wax. They are named for the behaviour of the Greater Honeyguide which leads large animals to bees' nests and then feeds on the wax once the animal has broken the nest open to get at the honey. There are 17 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.

  • Yellow-rumped Honeyguide Indicator xanthonotus

Woodpeckers and alliesEdit

Order: Piciformes. Family: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium sized birds with chisel like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward, and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. There are 218 species worldwide and 33 species which occur in India.

Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker
  • Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla
  • Speckled Piculet Picumnus innominatus
  • White-browed Piculet Sasia ochracea
  • Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos nanus
  • Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus
  • Brown-fronted Woodpecker Dendrocopos auriceps
  • Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos macei
  • Spot-breasted Pied Woodpecker Dendrocopos analis (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Stripe-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos atratus
Common Flameback
  • Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Dendrocopos mahrattensis
  • Darjeeling Woodpecker Dendrocopos darjellensis
  • Crimson-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos cathpharius
  • Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major
  • Sind Woodpecker Dendrocopos assimilis
  • Himalayan Woodpecker Dendrocopos himalayensis
  • Rufous Woodpecker Celeus brachyurus
  • White-bellied Woodpecker Dryocopus javensis
  • Andaman Woodpecker Dryocopus hodgei
  • Rufous-bellied Woodpecker Hypopicus hyperythrus
  • Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus
  • Greater Yellownape Picus flavinucha
  • Laced Woodpecker Picus vittatus
  • Streak-breasted Woodpecker Picus viridanus (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Streak-throated Woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus
  • Scaly-bellied Woodpecker Picus squamatus
  • Grey-faced Woodpecker Picus canus
  • Himalayan Flameback Dinopium shorii
  • Common Flameback Dinopium javanense
  • Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense
  • White-naped Woodpecker Chrysocolaptes festivus
  • Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus
  • Pale-headed Woodpecker Gecinulus grantia
  • Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis
  • Heart-spotted Woodpecker Hemicircus canente
  • Great Slaty Woodpecker Mulleripicus pulverulentus


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Eurylaimidae

The broadbills are small, brightly coloured birds that feed on fruit and also take insects in flycatcher fashion, snapping their broad bills. Their habitat is canopies of wet forests. There are 15 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.

  • Long-tailed Broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae
  • Silver-breasted Broadbill Serilophus lunatus


Hooded Pitta

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Pittidae

Pittas are medium-sized by passerine standards, and stocky, with fairly long, strong legs, short tails and stout bills. Many, but not all, are brightly coloured. They are spend the majority of their time on wet forest floors, eating snails, insects and similar invertebrate prey which they find there. There are 32 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in India.

  • Blue-naped Pitta Pitta nipalensis
  • Blue Pitta Pitta cyanea
  • Hooded Pitta Pitta sordida
  • Indian Pitta Pitta brachyura
  • Mangrove Pitta Pitta megarhyncha (A)


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Tephrodornithidae

The woodshrikes are similar in build to the shrikes. There are 12 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.

  • Large Woodshrike Tephrodornis gularis
  • Malabar Woodshrike Tephrodornis sylvicola (Western Ghats race split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Artamidae

The woodswallows are soft-plumaged, somber-coloured passerine birds. They are smooth, agile flyers with moderately large, semi-triangular wings. There are 11 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.

  • Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus
  • White-breasted Woodswallow Artamus leucorynchus


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Aegithinidae

The ioras are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub, but whereas that group tends to be drab in coloration, ioras are sexually dimorphic, with the males being brightly plumaged in yellows and greens. There are 4 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.

  • Common Iora Aegithina tiphia
  • White-tailed Iora Aegithina nigrolutea


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Campephagidae

The cuckoo-shrikes are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some species are brightly coloured. There are 82 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in India.

  • Large Cuckoo-shrike Coracina macei
  • Andaman Cuckoo-shrike Coracina dobsoni (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005 from Bar-bellied Cuckoo-shrike Coracina striata)
  • Black-winged Cuckoo-shrike Coracina melaschistos
  • Black-headed Cuckoo-shrike Coracina melanoptera
  • Pied Triller Lalage nigra
  • Rosy Minivet Pericrocotus roseus
  • Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus
  • Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
  • White-bellied Minivet Pericrocotus erythropygius
  • Long-tailed Minivet Pericrocotus ethologus
  • Short-billed Minivet Pericrocotus brevirostris
  • Orange Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus
  • Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus speciosus (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris
  • Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus

Whistlers and alliesEdit

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Pachycephalidae

The family Pachycephalidae includes the whistlers, shrike-thrushes, shrike-tits, pitohuis and Crested Bellbird. There are 57 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.

  • Mangrove Whistler Pachycephala grisola


Brown Shrike

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Laniidae Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. A typical shrike's beak is hooked, like a bird of prey. There are 31 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in India.

  • Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio
  • Rufous-tailed Shrike Lanius isabellinus
  • Rufous Shrike Lanius phoenicuroides (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus
  • Philippine Shrike L. c. lucionensis
  • Burmese Shrike Lanius collurioides
  • Bay-backed Shrike Lanius vittatus
  • Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach
  • Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus
  • Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor
  • Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis

Old World oriolesEdit

Indian Golden Oriole

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Oriolidae

The Old World Orioles are colourful passerine birds. They are not related to the New World orioles. There are 29 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in India.

  • Indian Golden Oriole Oriolus kundoo[7]
  • Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis
  • Slender-billed Oriole Oriolus tenuirostris
  • Black-hooded Oriole Oriolus xanthornus
  • Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii


Black Drongo

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Dicruridae

The drongos are mostly are black or dark grey in colour, sometimes with metallic tints. They have long forked tails, and some Asian species have elaborate tail decorations. They have short legs and sit very upright whilst perched, like a shrike. They flycatch or take prey from the ground. There are 24 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in India.

  • Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus
  • Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus
  • White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens
  • Crow-billed Drongo Dicrurus annectans
  • Bronzed Drongo Dicrurus aeneus
  • Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus remifer
  • Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus
  • Andaman Drongo Dicrurus andamanensis
  • Greater Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus


White-throated Fantail

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Rhipiduridae

The Fantails are small insectivorous birds which are specialist aerial feeders. There are 44 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in India.

  • Yellow-bellied Fantail Rhipidura hypoxantha
  • White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis
  • White-spotted Fantail Rhipidura albogularis (E)
  • White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola

Monarch flycatchersEdit

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Monarchidae

The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines, which hunt by flycatching. There are 99 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.

  • Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea
  • Asian Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi

Crows, jays, ravens and magpiesEdit

Green Magpie
House Crow

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Corvidae

The Corvidae family includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size for the bird order Passeriformes. Some of the larger species show high levels of learning behaviour. There are 120 species worldwide and 22 species which occur in India.

  • Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius
  • Black-headed Jay Garrulus lanceolatus
  • Gold-billed Magpie Urocissa flavirostris
  • Blue Magpie Urocissa erythrorhyncha
  • Green Magpie Cissa chinensis
  • Rufous Treepie Dendrocitta vagabunda
  • Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae
  • White-bellied Treepie Dendrocitta leucogastra (E)
  • Collared Treepie Dendrocitta frontalis
  • Andaman Treepie Dendrocitta bayleyi
  • Eurasian Magpie Pica pica
  • Eurasian Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes
  • Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
  • Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus
  • Eurasian Jackdaw Corvus monedula
  • Daurian Jackdaw Corvus dauuricus
  • House Crow Corvus splendens
  • Rook Corvus frugilegus
  • Carrion Crow Corvus corone
  • Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos (C. m. japonensis)
  • Indian Jungle Crow Corvus culminatus
  • Eastern Jungle Crow Corvus levaillantii
  • Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis
  • Common Raven Corvus corax


Bohemian Waxwing

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Bombycillidae

The waxwings are a group of passerine birds characterized by soft silky plumage and unique red tips to some of the wing feathers. In the Bohemian and Cedar Waxwings, these tips look like sealing wax, and give the group its name. These are arboreal birds of northern forests. They live on insects in summer and berries in winter. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.

  • Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus

Grey HypocoliusEdit

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Hypocoliidae

The Grey Hypocolius is a small Middle Eastern bird. They are mainly a uniform grey color, with males having a black triangular mask around the eyes, and with the shape and soft plumage of the waxwings.

  • Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus


Cinereous Tit
Coal Tit

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Paridae

The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Some have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. There are species 59 worldwide and 14 species which occur in India.

  • Coal Tit Periparus ater
  • Black-breasted Tit Periparus rufonuchalis
  • Rufous-vented Tit Periparus rubidiventris
  • Black-crested Tit Periparus melanolophus
  • Grey-crested Tit Lophophanes dichrous
  • Cinereous Tit Parus cinereus[8]
  • Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus
  • White-winged Tit Parus nuchalis (E)
  • Black-lored Tit Parus xanthogenys
  • Yellow-cheeked Tit Parus spilonotus
  • Indian Yellow Tit Parus aplonotus (E)[9]
  • Yellow-breasted Tit Cyanistes flavipectus
  • Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus
  • Sultan Tit Melanochlora sultanea
  • Hume's Ground Tit Pseudopodoces humilis

Penduline titsEdit

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Remizidae

The penduline tits are a group of small passerine birds, related to the true tits. They are insectivores. There are 13 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.

  • Eurasian Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinus (includes macronyx)
  • White-crowned Penduline Tit Remiz coronatus
  • Fire-capped Tit Cephalopyrus flammiceps


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Alaudidae

Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Their food is insects and seeds. There are 91 species worldwide and 22 species which occur in India.

  • Singing Bushlark Mirafra cantillans
  • Indian Bushlark Mirafra erythroptera
  • Bengal Bushlark Mirafra assamica
  • Jerdon's Bushlark Mirafra affinis
  • Black-crowned Sparrow-Lark Eremopterix nigriceps
  • Ashy-crowned Sparrow-Lark Eremopterix griseus
  • Rufous-tailed Lark Ammomanes phoenicura (E)
  • Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti
  • Bimaculated Lark Melanocorypha bimaculata
  • Tibetan Lark Melanocorypha maxima
Bengal Bushlark
  • Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla
  • Hume's Short-toed Lark Calandrella acutirostris
  • Lesser Short-toed Lark Calandrella rufescens
  • Sand Lark Calandrella raytal
  • Crested Lark Galerida cristata
  • Malabar Lark Galerida malabarica (E)
  • Sykes's Lark Galerida deva (E)
  • Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis
  • Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula
  • Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris
  • Greater Hoopoe-Lark Alaemon alaudipes


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Pycnonotidae

Bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds. Some are colourful with yellow, red or orange vents, cheeks, throat or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive brown to black plumage. Some species have distinct crests.There are 130 species worldwide and 19 species which occur in India.

  • Crested Finchbill Spizixos canifrons
  • Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus
  • Grey-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus priocephalus (E)
  • Black-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus atriceps
  • Andaman Bulbul Pycnonotus fuscoflavescens (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Black-crested Bulbul Pycnonotus flaviventris (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Flame-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus gularis (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005 with Pycnonotus melanicterus restricted to the Black-capped Bulbul endemic to Sri Lanka)
  • Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus
  • White-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus leucotis
  • White-cheeked Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys
  • Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer
  • Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus (E)
  • Flavescent Bulbul Pycnonotus flavescens
  • White-browed Bulbul Pycnonotus luteolus
  • White-throated Bulbul Alophoixus flaveolus
  • Olive Bulbul Iole virescens
  • Yellow-browed Bulbul Acritillas indica
  • Ashy Bulbul Hemixos flavala
  • Mountain Bulbul Hypsipetes mcclellandi
  • Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus
  • Square-tailed Black Bulbul Hypsipetes ganeesa (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Nicobar Bulbul Hypsipetes nicobariensis

Swallows and martinsEdit

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Hirundinidae

The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterized by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in India.

Barn Swallow
  • Sand Martin Riparia riparia
  • Pale Sand Martin Riparia diluta
  • Grey-throated Sand Martin Riparia chinensis usually treated under Plain Martin Riparia paludicola
  • Eurasian Crag-Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris
  • Pale Crag-Martin Ptyonoprogne obsoleta (usually treated under Rock Martin Ptyonoprogne fuligula )
  • Dusky Crag-Martin Ptyonoprogne concolor
  • Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
  • Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica
  • Hill Swallow Hirundo domicola (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Wire-tailed Swallow Hirundo smithii
  • Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica
  • Striated Swallow Cecropis striolata
  • Streak-throated Swallow Hirundo fluvicola
  • House Martin Delichon urbicum
  • Asian Martin Delichon dasypus
  • Nepal Martin Delichon nipalense

Long-tailed titsEdit

Black-throated Tit

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed tits are a group of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They make woven bag nests in trees. Most eat a mixed diet that includes insects. There are 9 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in India.

  • White-cheeked Tit Aegithalos leucogenys
  • Black-throated Tit Aegithalos concinnus
  • White-throated Tit Aegithalos niveogularis
  • Rufous-fronted Tit Aegithalos iouschistos

Old World warblersEdit

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Sylviidae

The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. The Sylviidae mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs. There are 291 species worldwide and 88 species which occur in India.

Blyth's Reed-warbler
  • Chestnut-headed Tesia Tesia castaneocoronata
  • Slaty-bellied Tesia Tesia olivea
  • Grey-bellied Tesia Tesia cyaniventer
  • Manchurian Bush-Warbler Cettia canturians
  • Pale-footed Bush-Warbler Cettia pallidipes
  • Brownish-flanked Bush-Warbler Cettia fortipes
  • Chestnut-crowned Bush-Warbler Cettia major
  • Aberrant Bush-Warbler Cettia flavolivacea
  • Yellowish-bellied Bush-Warbler Cettia acanthizoides
  • Grey-sided Bush-Warbler Cettia brunnifrons
  • Cetti's Warbler Cettia cetti
  • Spotted Bush-Warbler Bradypterus thoracicus
  • Long-billed Bush-Warbler Bradypterus major
  • Chinese Bush-Warbler Bradypterus tacsanowskius
  • Russet Bush-Warbler Bradypterus seebohmi
  • Brown Bush-Warbler Bradypterus luteoventris
    Common Tailorbird
  • Lanceolated Warbler Locustella lanceolata
  • Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia
  • Pallas's Warbler Locustella certhiola
  • Moustached Warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon
  • Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
  • Black-browed Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus bistrigiceps
  • Paddyfield Warbler Acrocephalus agricola
  • Blunt-winged Warbler Acrocephalus concinens
  • Blyth's Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum
  • Great Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus
  • Oriental Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis (A)
  • Clamorous Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus
  • Large-billed Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus orinus
  • Thick-billed Warbler Iduna aedon[10]
  • Booted Warbler Iduna caligata
  • Sykes's Warbler Iduna rama
  • Eastern Olivaceous Warbler Iduna pallida
  • Mountain Tailorbird Orthotomus cuculatus
  • Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius
    Striated Grassbird
  • Dark-necked Tailorbird Orthotomus atrogularis
  • Crested Tit-warbler Leptopoecile elegans[11]
  • White-browed Tit-Warbler Leptopoecile sophiae
  • Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
  • Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
  • Mountain Chiffchaff Phylloscopus sindianus
  • Plain Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus neglectus
  • Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus
  • Smoky Warbler Phylloscopus fuligiventer
  • Tickell's Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus affinis
  • Buff-throated Warbler Phylloscopus subaffinis (A)
  • Sulphur-bellied Warbler Phylloscopus griseolus
  • Radde's Warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi
  • Buff-barred Warbler Phylloscopus pulcher
  • Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis
  • Lemon-rumped Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus
  • Pale-rumped Warbler Phylloscopus chloronotus
  • Brooks's Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus subviridis
  • Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus
  • Hume's Warbler Phylloscopus humei
  • Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis
  • Greenish Warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides
  • Pale-legged Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus tenellipes
  • Large-billed Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus magnirostris
  • Tytler's Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus tytleri
  • Western Crowned Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus occipitalis
  • Eastern Crowned Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus coronatus
  • Blyth's Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus reguloides
  • Yellow-vented Warbler Phylloscopus cantator
  • Golden-spectacled Warbler Seicercus burkii
  • Grey-hooded Warbler Seicercus xanthoschistos
  • White-spectacled Warbler Seicercus affinis
  • Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys
    Greenish Warbler
  • Chestnut-crowned Warbler Seicercus castaniceps
  • Rufous-faced Warbler Abroscopus albogularis
  • Yellow-bellied Warbler Abroscopus superciliaris
  • Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps
  • Broad-billed Warbler Tickellia hodgsoni
  • Striated Grassbird Megalurus palustris
  • Bristled Grassbird Chaetornis striatus
  • Rufous-rumped Grassbird Graminicola bengalensis
  • Broad-tailed Grassbird Schoenicola platyura (E)
  • Garden Warbler Sylvia borin
  • Greater Whitethroat Sylvia communis
  • Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca
  • Small Whitethroat Sylvia minula
  • Hume's Whitethroat Sylvia althaea
  • Asian Desert Warbler Sylvia nana
  • Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria
  • Eastern Orphean Warbler Sylvia crassirostris
  • Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata
  • Grey-crowned Warbler Seicercus tephrocephalus
  • Whistler's Warbler Seicercus whistleri

Cisticolas and alliesEdit

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Cisticolidae

The Cisticolidae are warblers found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. They are generally very small birds of drab brown or grey appearance found in open country such as grassland or scrub. There are 111 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in India.

Ashy Prinia
  • Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis
  • Golden-headed Cisticola Cisticola exilis
  • Streaked Scrub-Warbler Scotocerca inquieta
  • Rufous-vented Prinia Prinia burnesii
  • Swamp Prinia Prinia cinerascens
  • Striated Prinia Prinia criniger
  • Hill Prinia Prinia atrogularis
  • Grey-crowned Prinia Prinia cinereocapilla
  • Rufous-fronted Prinia Prinia buchanani
  • Rufescent Prinia Prinia rufescens
  • Grey-breasted Prinia Prinia hodgsonii
  • Graceful Prinia Prinia gracilis
  • Jungle Prinia Prinia sylvatica
  • Yellow-bellied Prinia Prinia flaviventris
  • Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis
  • Plain Prinia Prinia inornata


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Timaliidae

The babblers or timaliids are somewhat diverse in size and coloration, but are characterised by soft fluffy plumage. There are 270 species worldwide and 117 species which occur in India. India has the largest number of babblers of any country and this represents the largest bird family grouping in any country outside of South America.

Chestnut-tailed Minla
  • White-throated Laughingthrush Garrulax albogularis
  • White-crested Laughingthrush Garrulax leucolophus
  • Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush Garrulax monileger
  • Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush Garrulax pectoralis
  • Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax striatus (=Grammatoptila striata per Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Rufous-necked Laughingthrush Garrulax ruficollis (=Dryonastes ruficollis)
  • Chestnut-backed Laughingthrush Garrulax nuchalis (=Dryonastes nuchalis)
  • Yellow-throated Laughingthrush Garrulax galbanus (=Dryonastes galbanus)
  • Wynaad Laughingthrush Garrulax delesserti (E) (=Dryonastes delesserti)
  • Rufous-vented Laughingthrush Garrulax gularis (=Dryonastes gularis)
  • Moustached Laughingthrush Garrulax cineraceus (=Ianthocincla cineracea)
  • Rufous-chinned Laughingthrush Garrulax rufogularis (=Ianthocincla rufogularis)
  • Spotted Laughingthrush Garrulax ocellatus (=Ianthocincla ocellata)
  • Grey-sided Laughingthrush Garrulax caerulatus (=Dryonastes caerulatus)
  • Spot-breasted Laughingthrush Garrulax merulinus (=Stactocichla merulina)
  • White-browed Laughingthrush Garrulax sannio (=Dryonastes sannio)
  • Black-chinned Laughingthrush Trochalopteron cachinnans (E)
  • Kerala Laughingthrush Garrulax fairbanki (E)
  • Streaked Laughingthrush Garrulax lineatus (=Trochalopteron lineatum)
  • Bhutan Laughingthrush Trochalopteron imbricatum (Elevated to full species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Striped Laughingthrush Garrulax virgatus (=Trochalopteron virgatum)
  • Scaly Laughingthrush Garrulax subunicolor (=Trochalopteron subunicolor)
  • Brown-capped Laughingthrush Garrulax austeni (=Ianthocincla austeni)
    Yellow-eyed Babbler
  • Blue-winged Laughingthrush Garrulax squamatus (=Trochalopteron squamatum)
  • Variegated Laughingthrush Garrulax variegatus (=Trochalopteron variegatum)
  • Prince Henry's Laughingthrush Garrulax henrici (Hypothetical per Rasmussen & Anderton, 2005)
  • Black-faced Laughingthrush Garrulax affinis (=Trochalopteron affine)
  • Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush Garrulax erythrocephalus (=Trochalopteron erythrocephalum)
  • Red-faced Liocichla Liocichla phoenicea
  • Bugun Liocichla Liocichla bugunorum[12]
  • Abbott's Babbler Malacocincla abbotti
  • Marsh Babbler Pellorneum palustre (E)
  • Buff-breasted Babbler Pellorneum tickelli
  • Spot-throated Babbler Pellorneum albiventre
  • Puff-throated Babbler Pellorneum ruficeps
  • Large Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus hypoleucos
  • Spot-breasted Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus erythrocnemis
  • Rusty-cheeked Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus erythrogenys
  • Indian Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus horsfieldii
  • White-browed Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus schisticeps
  • Streak-breasted Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis
  • Red-billed Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus ochraceiceps
  • Coral-billed Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus ferruginosus
  • Slender-billed Scimitar-Babbler Xiphirhynchus superciliaris
  • Long-billed Wren-babbler Rimator malacoptilus
  • Streaked Wren-babbler Napothera brevicaudata
  • Eyebrowed Wren-babbler Napothera epilepidota
    Jungle Babbler
  • Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler Pnoepyga albiventer
  • Immaculate Wren-babbler Pnoepyga immaculata (E) (also called Nepal Wren-babbler)
  • Pygmy Wren-babbler Pnoepyga pusilla
  • Rufous-throated Wren-babbler Spelaeornis caudatus
  • Mishmi Wren-babbler Spelaeornis badeigularis (E)
  • Bar-winged Wren-babbler Spelaeornis troglodytoides
  • Spotted Wren-babbler Spelaeornis formosus
  • Long-tailed Wren-babbler Spelaeornis chocolatinus
  • Grey-bellied Wren-babbler Spelaeornis reptatus (Elevated by Rasmussen & Anderton 2005)
  • Chin Hills Wren-babbler Spelaeornis oatesi (Elevated by Rasmussen & Anderton 2005)
  • Tawny-breasted Wren-babbler Spelaeornis longicaudatus (E)
  • Wedge-billed Wren-babbler Sphenocichla humei
  • Cachar Wedge-billed Babbler Sphenocichla roberti (Elevated by Rasmussen & Anderton 2005)
  • Buff-chested Babbler Stachyris ambigua
  • Rufous-fronted Babbler Stachyris rufifrons
  • Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyris ruficeps
  • Black-chinned Babbler Stachyris pyrrhops
  • Golden Babbler Stachyris chrysaea
  • Grey-throated Babbler Stachyris nigriceps
  • Snowy-throated Babbler Stachyris oglei (E)
  • White-necked Babbler Stachyris leucotis
  • Tawny-bellied Babbler Dumetia hyperythra
  • Dark-fronted Babbler Rhopocichla atriceps
    Rufous Sibia
  • Pin-striped Tit-Babbler Macronus gularis (= Macronous gularis)
  • Chestnut-capped Babbler Timalia pileata
  • Yellow-eyed Babbler Chrysomma sinense
  • Jerdon's Babbler Chrysomma altirostre
  • Common Babbler Turdoides caudatus (T. caudata spelling emendation - Rasmussen & Anderton, 2005)
  • Striated Babbler Turdoides earlei
  • Slender-billed Babbler Turdoides longirostris
  • Large Grey Babbler Turdoides malcolmi
  • Rufous Babbler Turdoides subrufa (E)
  • Jungle Babbler Turdoides striata
  • Yellow-billed Babbler Turdoides affinis
  • Chinese Babax Babax lanceolatus
  • Mount Victoria Babax Babax lanceolatus woodi (Possibly a full species to be separated from the Chinese Babax)
  • Giant Babax Babax waddelli
  • Silver-eared Mesia Leiothrix argentauris
  • Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea
  • Cutia Cutia nipalensis
    Red-billed Leiothrix
  • Black-headed Shrike-babbler Pteruthius rufiventer
  • White-browed Shrike-babbler Pteruthius flaviscapis
  • Green Shrike-babbler Pteruthius xanthochlorus
  • Black-eared Shrike-babbler Pteruthius melanotis
  • Chestnut-fronted Shrike-babbler Pteruthius aenobarbus
  • White-hooded Babbler Gampsorhynchus rufulus
  • Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni
  • Hoary-throated Barwing Actinodura nipalensis
  • Streak-throated Barwing Actinodura waldeni
  • Blue-winged Minla Minla cyanouroptera
  • Chestnut-tailed Minla Minla strigula
  • Red-tailed Minla Minla ignotincta
  • Golden-breasted Fulvetta Alcippe chrysotis
  • Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea
  • Rufous-winged Fulvetta Alcippe castaneceps
  • White-browed Fulvetta Alcippe vinipectus
  • Streak-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinereiceps
  • Manipur Fulvetta Alcippe manipurensis (Split from an extralimital species)
  • Ludlow's Fulvetta Alcippe ludlowi
    Streaked Laughingthrush
  • Rufous-throated Fulvetta Alcippe rufogularis
  • Dusky Fulvetta Alcippe brunnea
  • Rusty-capped Fulvetta Alcippe dubia
  • Quaker Babbler Alcippe poioicephala
  • Nepal Fulvetta Alcippe nipalensis
  • Rufous-backed Sibia Heterophasia annectens
  • Rufous Sibia Heterophasia capistrata
  • Grey Sibia Heterophasia gracilis
  • Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella
  • Long-tailed Sibia Heterophasia picaoides
  • Striated Yuhina Yuhina castaniceps
  • White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri
  • Whiskered Yuhina Yuhina flavicollis
  • Stripe-throated Yuhina Yuhina gularis
  • Rufous-vented Yuhina Yuhina occipitalis
  • Black-chinned Yuhina Yuhina nigrimenta
  • White-bellied Erpornis Erpornis zantholeuca
  • Fire-tailed Myzornis Myzornis pyrrhoura


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Paradoxornithidae

The parrotbills are a group of birds native to East and Southeast Asia, though feral populations are known from elsewhere. They are generally small, long-tailed birds which inhabit reedbeds and similar habitats. There are 20 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in India.

  • Great Parrotbill Conostoma oemodium
  • Brown Parrotbill Paradoxornis unicolor
  • Grey-headed Parrotbill Paradoxornis gularis
  • Black-breasted Parrotbill Paradoxornis flavirostris
  • Spot-breasted Parrotbill Paradoxornis guttaticollis
  • Fulvous Parrotbill Paradoxornis fulvifrons
  • Black-throated Parrotbill Paradoxornis nipalensis
  • Black-browed Parrotbill Paradoxornis atrosuperciliaris
  • Rufous-headed Parrotbill Paradoxornis ruficeps


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Zosteropidae

The white-eyes are small and are mostly of undistinguished appearance, the plumage above being generally either some dull color like greenish olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. As their name suggests many species have a white ring around the eyes. There are 96 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.

  • Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Irenidae

The Fairy-bluebirds are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub. The males are dark-blue and the females a duller green. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.

  • Asian Fairy-bluebird Irena puella


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Regulidae

The kinglets or crests are a small group of birds often included in the Old World warblers, but frequently given family status because they also resemble the titmice. There are 7 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.

  • Goldcrest Regulus regulus


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Troglodytidae

The wrens are mainly small and inconspicuous except for their loud songs. These birds have short wings and a thin down-turned bill. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous. There are 80 species worldwide (of which all but one are New World species) and 1 species which occurs in India.

  • Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Sittidae

Nuthatches are small woodland birds. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike other birds which can only go upwards. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails and powerful bills and feet. There are 24 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in India.

  • Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch Sitta castanea
  • Sitta castanea (Indian Nuthatch) and Sitta cinnamoventris (Split by Rasmussen & Anderton, 2005)
  • Chestnut-vented Nuthatch Sitta nagaensis
  • Kashmir Nuthatch Sitta cashmirensis
  • White-tailed Nuthatch Sitta himalayensis
  • White-cheeked Nuthatch Sitta leucopsis
  • Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis
  • Beautiful Nuthatch Sitta formosa


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Tichodromidae

The Wallcreeper is a small bird with stunning crimson, grey and black plumage, related to the nuthatch family.

  • Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Certhiidae

Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark. They have stiff tail feathers, like woodpeckers, which they use to support themselves on vertical trees. There are 6 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in India.

  • Himalayan Treecreeper Certhia himalayana
  • Nepal Treecreeper Certhia nipalensis
  • Sikkim Treecreeper or Brown-throated Treecreeper, Certhia discolor
  • Manipur Treecreeper, Certhia manipurensis[13][14]
  • Spotted Creeper Salpornis spilonotus


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Sturnidae

Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their flight is strong and direct, and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat insects and fruit. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. There are 125 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in India.

European Starling
  • Asian Glossy Starling Aplonis panayensis
  • Spot-winged Starling Saroglossa spiloptera
  • Golden-crested Myna Ampeliceps coronatus
  • Common Hill Myna Gracula religiosa
  • Southern Hill Myna Gracula indica
  • Great Myna Acridotheres grandis
  • Jungle Myna Acridotheres fuscus
  • Collared Myna Acridotheres albocinctus
  • Bank Myna Acridotheres ginginianus
  • Common Myna Acridotheres tristis
  • Asian Pied Starling Gracupica contra
  • Daurian Starling Sturnia sturnina
  • White-shouldered Starling Sturnia sinensis (A)
  • Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnia malabarica[15]
  • Malabar Starling Sturnia blythii[15]
  • White-headed Starling Temenuchus erythropygius[15]
  • Brahminy Starling Sturnia pagodarum[15]
  • Rosy Starling Sturnus roseus
  • European Starling Sturnus vulgaris

Thrushes and alliesEdit

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species worldwide and 34 species which occur in India.

Blue-capped Rock Thrush
  • Common Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilis
  • Blue-capped Rock Thrush Monticola cinclorhynchus
  • Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris
  • Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius
  • Pied Thrush Zoothera wardii
  • Orange-headed Thrush Zoothera citrina
  • Siberian Thrush Zoothera sibirica
  • Plain-backed Thrush Zoothera mollissima
  • Long-tailed Thrush Zoothera dixoni
  • Scaly Thrush Zoothera dauma
  • Long-billed Thrush Zoothera monticola
  • Dark-sided Thrush Zoothera marginata
  • Tickell's Thrush Turdus unicolor
  • Black-breasted Thrush Turdus dissimilis
  • White-collared Blackbird Turdus albocinctus
  • Grey-winged Blackbird Turdus boulboul
  • Eurasian Blackbird Turdus merula
  • Indian Blackbird Turdus simillimus (Elevated to species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Chestnut Thrush Turdus rubrocanus
    White-collared Blackbird
  • White-backed Thrush Turdus kessleri
  • Grey-sided Thrush Turdus feae
  • Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus
  • Red-throated Thrush Turdus ruficollis
  • Black-throated Thrush Turdus atrogularis (Elevated to species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Dusky Thrush Turdus euonomus (earlier included in Turdus naumanni - Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
  • Redwing Turdus iliacus
  • Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
  • Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus
  • Rusty-bellied Shortwing Brachypteryx hyperythra
  • Gould's Shortwing Heteroxenicus stellatus (=Brachypteryx stellatus)
  • Lesser Shortwing Brachypteryx leucophrys
  • White-browed Shortwing Brachypteryx montana
  • White-bellied Shortwing or Nilgiri Blue Robin Myiomela major (earlier Brachypteryx major) (E) Split with genus revision by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • White-bellied Blue Robin Myiomela albiventris (earlier Brachypteryx major albiventris)
  • Malabar Whistling Thrush Myophonus horsfieldii (E)
  • Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus
  • Purple Cochoa Cochoa purpurea
  • Green Cochoa Cochoa viridis

Old World flycatchersEdit

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Muscicapidae

Old World flycatchers are a large group of small passerine birds native to the Old World. They are mainly small arboreal insectivores. The appearance of these birds is very varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls. There 274 species worldwide and 89 species which occur in India.

  • Brown-chested Jungle-flycatcher Rhinomyias brunneata
  • Nicobar Jungle-flycatcher Rhinomyias nicobaricus (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata
  • Siberian Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica
  • Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica
  • Rusty-tailed Flycatcher Muscicapa ruficauda
  • Brown-breasted Flycatcher Muscicapa muttui
  • Ferruginous Flycatcher Muscicapa ferruginea
  • Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia
  • Slaty-backed Flycatcher Ficedula hodgsonii
  • Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata
  • Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva
  • Taiga Flycatcher Ficedula albicilla
  • Kashmir Flycatcher Ficedula subrubra
  • Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra
  • White-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula monileger
  • Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni
  • Ultramarine Flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris
  • Slaty-blue Flycatcher Ficedula tricolor
  • Black-and-rufous Flycatcher Ficedula nigrorufa (E)
  • Sapphire Flycatcher Ficedula sapphira
  • Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassinus
  • Nilgiri Flycatcher Eumyias albicaudatus (E)
  • Large Niltava Niltava grandis
  • Small Niltava Niltava macgrigoriae
  • Rufous-bellied Niltava Niltava sundara
  • Vivid Niltava Niltava vivida (Rasmussen and Anderton suggest possible elevation of N. vivida oatesi)
  • White-tailed Flycatcher Cyornis concretus
  • White-bellied Blue Flycatcher Cyornis pallipes (E)
  • Pale-chinned Blue Flycatcher Cyornis poliogenys
  • Pale Blue Flycatcher Cyornis unicolor
  • Blue-throated Flycatcher Cyornis rubeculoides
  • Hill Blue Flycatcher Cyornis banyumas
  • Large Blue Flycatcher Cyornis magnirostris (Elevated to species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Tickell's Blue Flycatcher Cyornis tickelliae
  • Pygmy Blue Flycatcher Muscicapella hodgsoni
  • Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis
  • Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos (A? one historic specimen from Oudh)
  • Siberian Rubythroat Luscinia calliope
    Plumbeous Water-redstart
  • White-tailed Rubythroat Luscinia pectoralis
  • Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
  • Firethroat Luscinia pectardens
  • Indian Blue Robin Luscinia brunnea
  • Siberian Blue Robin Luscinia cyane
  • Red-flanked Bluetail (or Red-flanked Bush-Robin) Tarsiger cyanurus
  • Himalayan Bluetail (or Himalayan Red-flanked Bush-Robin) Tarsiger rufilatus (Elevated by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Golden Bush-Robin Tarsiger chrysaeus
  • White-browed Bush-Robin Tarsiger indicus
  • Rufous-breasted Bush-Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus
  • Rufous-tailed Scrub-Robin Cercotrichas galactotes
  • Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis
  • White-rumped Shama Copsychus malabaricus
  • Andaman Shama Copsychus albiventris
  • Indian Robin Saxicoloides fulicatus
  • Rufous-backed Redstart Phoenicurus erythronotus
  • Blue-capped Redstart Phoenicurus caeruleocephala
  • Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
  • Hodgson's Redstart Phoenicurus hodgsoni
  • White-throated Redstart Phoenicurus schisticeps
  • Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus
    Red-flanked Bluetail
  • White-winged Redstart Phoenicurus erythrogaster
  • Blue-fronted Redstart Phoenicurus frontalis
  • White-capped Redstart Chaimarrornis leucocephalus
  • Plumbeous Redstart Rhyacornis fuliginosa
  • White-bellied Redstart Hodgsonius phaenicuroides
  • White-tailed Robin Myiomela leucura (=Cinclidium leucurum)
  • Siberian Stonechat Saxicola maura (Saxicola maurus per Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Blue-fronted Robin Cinclidium frontale
  • Grandala Grandala coelicolor
  • Little Forktail Enicurus scouleri
  • Black-backed Forktail Enicurus immaculatus
  • Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus
  • White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti
  • Spotted Forktail Enicurus maculatus
  • White-browed Bush Chat Saxicola macrorhyncha
  • White-throated Bush Chat Saxicola insignis
  • White-tailed Stonechat Saxicola leucura (leucurus per Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
    Golden Bush-robin
  • Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata
  • Jerdon's Bush Chat Saxicola jerdoni
  • Grey Bushchat Saxicola ferrea (ferreus per Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha
  • Hume's Wheatear Oenanthe alboniger (albonigra per Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
  • Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii
  • Variable Wheatear Oenanthe picata
  • Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka
  • Red-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe chrysopygia (Elevated from Oenanthe xanthoprymna race by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti
  • Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina
  • Brown Rock Chat Oenanthe fusca


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Cinclidae

Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe, and Asia. They are named for their bobbing or dipping movements. There are 5 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.

  • White-throated Dipper Cinclus cinclus
  • Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii


Orange-bellied Leafbird

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Chloropseidae

The Leafbirds are small, bulbul-like birds. The males are brightly plumaged, usually in greens and yellows. There are 9 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in India.

  • Blue-winged Leafbird Chloropsis cochinchinensis
  • Jerdon's Leafbird Chloropsis jerdoni (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
  • Golden-fronted Leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons
  • Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Dicaeidae

The flowerpeckers are very small, stout, often brightly coloured birds, with short tails, short thick curved bills and tubular tongues. There are 44 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in India.

  • Thick-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum agile
  • Yellow-vented Flowerpecker Dicaeum chrysorrheum
  • Yellow-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum melanoxanthum
  • Orange-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum trigonostigma
  • Pale-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum erythrorhynchos
  • Nilgiri Flowerpecker Dicaeum concolor
  • Andaman Flowerpecker Dicaeum virescens
  • Plain Flowerpecker Dicaeum minullum
  • Fire-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus
  • Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker Dicaeum cruentatum

Sunbirds and spiderhuntersEdit

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Nectariniidae

The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Flight is fast and direct on their short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed. There are 131 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in India.

Crimson Sunbird
  • Ruby-cheeked Sunbird Chalcoparia singalensis
  • Purple-rumped Sunbird Leptocoma zeylonica
  • Crimson-backed Sunbird Leptocoma minima (E)
  • Purple-throated Sunbird Leptocoma sperata
  • Purple Sunbird Cinnyris asiaticus
  • Olive-backed Sunbird Cinnyris jugularis
  • Long-billed Sunbird Cinnyris lotenius
  • Gould's Sunbird Aethopyga gouldiae
  • Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis
  • Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata
  • Vigors's Sunbird Aethopyga vigorsii (E)
  • Crimson Sunbird Aethopyga siparaja
  • Fire-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga ignicauda
  • Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra
  • Streaked Spiderhunter Arachnothera magna


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Passeridae

Sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed-eaters, and they also consume small insects. There are 35 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in India.

House Sparrow
  • House Sparrow Passer domesticus
  • Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis
  • Sind Sparrow Passer pyrrhonotus
  • Russet Sparrow Passer rutilans
  • Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
  • Yellow-throated Sparrow Petronia xanthocollis
  • Rock Sparrow Petronia petronia
  • Black-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla adamsi
  • White-rumped Snowfinch Montifringilla taczanowskii
  • Pere David's Snowfinch Montifringilla davidiana
  • Rufous-necked Snowfinch Montifringilla ruficollis (=Pyrgilauda ruficollis)
  • Plain-backed Snowfinch Montifringilla blanfordi (=Pyrgilauda blanfordi)

Weavers and alliesEdit

Baya Weaver

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Ploceidae

The weavers are small passerine birds related to the finches. They are seed-eating birds with rounded conical bills. The males of many species are brightly coloured, usually in red or yellow and black, some species show variation in colour only in the breeding season. There are 116 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in India.

  • Streaked Weaver Ploceus manyar
  • Baya Weaver Ploceus philippinus
  • Finn's Weaver Ploceus megarhynchus
  • Black-breasted Weaver Ploceus benghalensis

Waxbills and alliesEdit

Black-headed Munia

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Estrildidae

The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They are gregarious and often colonial seed-eaters with short thick but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits, but have a wide variation in plumage colours and pattern. There are 141 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in India.

  • Red Avadavat Amandava amandava
  • Green Avadavat Amandava formosa (E)
  • White-throated Munia Euodice malabarica
  • White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata
  • Black-throated Munia Lonchura kelaarti
  • Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata
  • Tricoloured Munia Lonchura malacca
  • Chestnut Munia Lonchura atricapilla
  • Java Sparrow Padda oryzivora (I)


Alpine Accentor

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Prunellidae

The accentors are in the only bird family, Prunellidae, which is completely endemic to the Palearctic. They are small, fairly drab species superficially similar to sparrows. There are 13 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in India.

  • Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris
  • Himalayan Accentor Prunella himalayana
  • Robin Accentor Prunella rubeculoides
  • Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata
  • Siberian Accentor Prunella montanella
  • Brown Accentor Prunella fulvescens
  • Black-throated Accentor Prunella atrogularis
  • Maroon-backed Accentor Prunella immaculata

Wagtails and pipitsEdit

Citrine Wagtail

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Motacillidae

The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 20 species which occur in India.

  • Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus
  • White Wagtail Motacilla alba
  • White-browed Wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensis
  • Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola
  • Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
  • Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
  • Oriental Pipit Anthus rufulus
  • Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris
    Oriental Pipit
  • Blyth's Pipit Anthus godlewskii
  • Richard's Pipit Anthus richardi
  • Long-billed Pipit Anthus similis
  • Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
  • Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni
  • Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis
  • Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus
  • Rosy Pipit Anthus roseatus
  • Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta
  • Upland Pipit Anthus sylvanus
  • American Pipit Anthus rubescens
  • Nilgiri Pipit Anthus nilghiriensis (E)



Order: Passeriformes. Family: Emberizidae

The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill. In Europe, most species are named as buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are species 275 worldwide and 18 species which occur in India.

  • Crested Bunting Emberiza lathami
  • Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella
  • Pine Bunting Emberiza leucocephalos
  • Rock Bunting Emberiza cia
  • Godlewski's Bunting Emberiza godlewskii
  • Grey-hooded Bunting Emberiza buchanani
  • Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana
  • Chestnut-breasted Bunting Emberiza stewarti
  • House Bunting Emberiza striolata
    Reed Bunting
  • Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata
  • Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla
  • Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola
  • Chestnut Bunting Emberiza rutila
  • Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala
  • Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps
  • Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala
  • Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus
  • Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra (A)

Siskins, crossbills and alliesEdit

Pink-browed Rosefinch

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Fringillidae

Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and 9 primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There are 137 species worldwide and 44 species which occur in India.

  • Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
  • Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
  • Plain Mountain-Finch Leucosticte nemoricola
  • Black-headed Mountain-Finch Leucosticte brandti
  • Tawny-headed Mountain-Finch Leucosticte sillemi
  • Crimson-browed Finch Pinicola subhimachalus
  • Crimson Rosefinch Carpodacus rubescens
  • Dark-breasted Rosefinch Carpodacus nipalensis
  • Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus
  • Beautiful Rosefinch Carpodacus pulcherrimus
  • Pink-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus rhodochrous
  • Vinaceous Rosefinch Carpodacus vinaceus
  • Dark-rumped Rosefinch Carpodacus edwardsii
  • Spot-winged Rosefinch Carpodacus rhodopeplus
  • White-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus thura
  • Red-mantled Rosefinch Carpodacus rhodochlamys
  • Streaked Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilloides
  • Great Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilla
  • Red-fronted Rosefinch Carpodacus puniceus
  • Common Crossbill Loxia curvirostra
  • Yellow-breasted Greenfinch Carduelis spinoides
  • Eurasian Siskin Carduelis spinus
  • European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
  • Twite Carduelis flavirostris
  • Eurasian Linnet Carduelis cannabina
  • Fire-fronted Serin Serinus pusillus
  • Tibetan Serin Serinus thibetanus
  • Brown Bullfinch Pyrrhula nipalensis
  • Orange Bullfinch Pyrrhula aurantiaca
  • Red-headed Bullfinch Pyrrhula erythrocephala
  • Grey-headed Bullfinch Pyrrhula erythaca
  • Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes
  • Black-and-yellow Grosbeak Mycerobas icterioides
  • Collared Grosbeak Mycerobas affinis
  • Spot-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas melanozanthos
  • White-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas carnipes
  • Golden-naped Finch Pyrrhoplectes epauletta
  • Spectacled Finch Callacanthis burtoni
  • Crimson-winged Finch Rhodopechys sanguinea
  • Mongolian Finch Rhodopechys mongolica
  • Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githaginea
  • Desert Finch Rhodospiza obsoleta
  • Scarlet Finch Haematospiza sipahi

(The Black-headed Greenfinch Carduelis ambigua was included in older lists but Rasmussen and Anderton (2005) consider this as hypothetical)

See alsoEdit

  • Birds of Coimbatore


  1. Govt. of India. "National bird of India". National bird. Govt. of India. Retrieved 2 December 2007. 
  2. Lewis, ES (1938). "Bewick's Swan (Cygnus bewickii Yarrell) near Delhi". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 40 (2): 333. 
  3. Gaston, AJ; Pandey, S (1987). "Sighting of Rednecked Grebes (Podiceps grisegena) on the Pong Dam Lake, Himachal Pradesh". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 84 (3): 676–677. 
  4. Mundkur, Taej; Pravez, Rishad (1989). "Sight record of Rednecked Grebe Podiceps griseigena near Rajkot, Gujarat". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 86 (3): 440. 
  5. International Crane Foundation - Siberian Crane
  6. Holt, P (1999) Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus at Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India: a new species for the Indian subcontinent. Forktail 15:95 PDF
  7. Jønsson, K.A., Bowie, R.C.K., Moyle, R.G., Irestedt, M., Christidis, L., Norman, J.A. & Fjeldså, J. (2010). "Phylogeny and biogeography of Oriolidae (Aves: Passeriformes)". Ecography 33: 232–241. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0587.2010.06167.x. 
  8. Packert, Martin; Jochen Martens, Siegfried Eck, Alexander A Nazarenko, Olga P. Valchuk, Bernd Petri, Michael Veith (2005) The great tit (Parus major) – a misclassified ring species. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 86(2):153-174
  9. Rasmussen, P. C. & J. C.and Anderton 2005 introduce this split
  10. Silke Fregin, Martin Haase,Urban Olsson,Per Alström (2009). "Multi-locus phylogeny of the family Acrocephalidae (Aves: Passeriformes) – The traditional taxonomy overthrown". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52 (3): 866–878. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.04.006. PMID 19393746. 
  11. Sangha, H. S., Naoroji, R. & Sharma, M. 2007. The Crested Tit-warbler Leptopoecile elegans in north-west Arunachal Pradesh. An addition to the Indian avifauna. Indian Birds 3 (1): 23–25. [1]
  12. Athreya, R. 2006. A new species of Liocichla (Aves: Timaliidae) from Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Indian Birds 2(4): 82-94. [2]
  13. Tietze, Dieter Thomas; Martens, Jochen & Sun, Yue-Hua (2006): Molecular phylogeny of treecreepers (Certhia) detects hidden diversity. Ibis 148(3): 477-488 Template:DOI (HTML abstract)
  14. Tietze, Dieter Thomas; Jochen Martens, Yue-Hua Sun, Martin Paeckert (2008). "Evolutionary history of treecreeper vocalisations(Aves: Certhia)". Organisms, Diversity & Evolution 8 (4): 305–324. doi:10.1016/j.ode.2008.05.001. 
  15. a b c d Lovette, I., McCleery, B., Talaba, A., & Rubenstein, D. (2008). "A complete species-level molecular phylogeny for the "Eurasian" starlings (Sturnidae: Sturnus, Acridotheres, and allies): Recent diversification in a highly social and dispersive avian group.". Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution 47 (1): 251-260. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.01.020.


Template:Birds of India

Last modified on 17 February 2013, at 08:22