Last modified on 28 June 2009, at 21:36

False Friends of the Slavist/Croatian-Bulgarian

Hrvatski jezik — Български език

Hrvatsko-Bugarski lažni prijatelji
Българско-хърватски неверни приятели на преводача


Cr. brak
Bg. брак ‘marriage’
Bg. брак 1. brak ‘marriage’
2. ološ, deficitna roba ‘rejects, refuse, waste’
map
Cr. dinja
Bg. пъпеш ‘sweet melon’
Bg. диня Cr. lubenica ‘watermelon’
map
Cr. gora
Bg. планина ‘mountain’
Bg. гора Cr. šuma ‘forest’
map
Cr. govor
Bg. говор ‘speech’
Bg. говор 1. govor ‘speech’
2. dijalekt ‘dialect’
map
Cr. igrati
Bg. играя ‘to play (a game)’
Bg. играя 1. igrati ‘to play (a game)’
2. glumiti ‘to play (theatre)’
3. plesati ‘to dance’
map
Cr. iskustvo
Bg. опит ‘experience’
Bg. изкуство Cr. umjetnost ‘art’
map
Cr. kovčeg
1. ковчег ‘trunk, box, chest’
2. куфар ‘suitcase’
Bg. ковчег 1. kovčeg ‘trunk, box, chest’
2. mrtvački sanduk, mrtvački kovčeg ‘coffin’
3. (Noemova) lađa ‘(Noah’s) Arch’
map
Cr. listopad
1. листопад ‘falling of leaves’
2. октомврий ‘October’
Bg. листопад Cr. listopad ‘falling of leaves’
map
Cr. majka
Bg. майка ‘mother’
Bg. майка 1. majka ‘mother’
2. ženka, majka (životinja) ‘dam, female animal’
3. matica ‘nut (to screw on a bolt)’
map
Cr. masa
Bg. маса ‘mass’
Bg. маса 1. masa ‘mass’
2. stol ‘table’
map
Cr. meč
Bg. мач ‘match, game’
Bg. меч Cr. mač ‘sword’
map
Cr. muž
Bg. мъж ‘husband’
Bg. мъж 1. muž ‘husband’
2. muškarac ‘man’
map
Cr. nagao
1. внезапен ‘sudden’
2. буен, бърз ‘vehement, hasty’
Bg. нагъл Cr. bezočan, bezobrazan ‘naughty’
map
Cr. obraz
1. образ ‘cheek’
2. образ ‘face’
Bg. образ 1. obraz ‘cheek’
2. obraz ‘face’
3. slika ‘picture, painting’
map
Cr. pamet
Bg. разум ‘reason, intellect’
Bg. памет 1. pamćenje ‘memory’
2. memorija ‘computer memory’
map
Cr. povijest
Bg. история ‘history’
Bg. повест Cr. kratki roman ‘novelette’
map
Cr. put
Bg. ограда ‘fence’
Bg. плът Cr. put ‘body, flesh’
map
Cr. riječ
Bg. дума, слово ‘word’
Bg. реч Cr. govor ‘speech’
map
Cr. rodbina
Bg. роднинство ‘relations’
Bg. родина Cr. domovina ‘motherland, home region’
map
Cr. šina
Bg. релса ‘rail’
Bg. шина Cr. guma ‘tyre’
map
Cr. slovo
Bg. буква ‘letter (of the alphabet)’
Bg. слово Cr. riječ ‘word’
map
Cr. sto
1. сто ‘a hundred’
2. маса ‘table’
Bg. сто Cr. sto ‘a hundred’
map
Cr. stol
Bg. маса ‘table’
Bg. стол 1. stolica ‘chair’
2. kantina ‘canteen’
map
Cr. stolica
Bg. стол ‘chair’
Bg. столица Cr. glavni grad ‘capital’
map
Cr. strana
1. страна ‘side’
2. страница ‘page’
Bg. страна 1. strana ‘side’
2. zemlja, država ‘country’
3. obraz ‘cheek’
map
Cr. šuma
Bg. шума ‘forest’
Bg. шума 1. šuma ‘forest’
2. lišće ‘foliage, leaves’
3. džbun, grm ‘bush’
map
Cr. suučestvovati
Bg. съучаствувам ‘participate’
Bg. съществувам Cr. postojati ‘exist’
map
Cr. trudan
1. трудна (arch.), бременна ‘pregnant’
2. уморен, изморен ‘tired’
Bg. труден 1. trudna ‘pregnant’
2. težak ‘hard’
map
Cr. već
Bg. вече ‘already’
Bg. вещ Cr. stvar ‘matter, thing’
map
Cr. vijek
Bg. век ‘century’
Bg. век 1. vijek ‘century’
2. doba, epoha ‘age, epoch’
map
Cr. vješt
Bg. сръчен, умел ‘clever’
Bg. вещ Cr. stvar ‘matter’
map
Cr. vrag
Bg. чорт ‘devil, demon’
Bg. враг Cr. neprijatelj ‘enemy’
map
Cr. vrijedan
Bg. ценен ‘precious’
Bg. вреден 1. štetan ‘harmful’
2. vješt, valjan, marljiv ‘able, clever’
map
Cr. zavod
Bg. институт ‘institute’
Bg. завод Cr. tvornica ‘factory, works’
map
Cr. žito
Bg. жита, житни растения ‘grain, cereals, (Br.) corn’
Bg. жито Cr. pšenica ‘wheat’
map

More Croatian-Bulgarian false friends:

  • C. Ivanova, M. Aleksić. Srpsko-bugarski tematski rečnik: Leksikon međujezičkih homonima i polisemija. Veliko Trnovo 1999.

For additional information on false friends, see the On-line hypertext bibliography by Daniel Bunčić and Ryszard Lipczuk.

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