English in Use/Sentences Overview

IntroductionEdit

This section will serve as a basic overview of sentences. Each topic will be discussed in more detail in subsequent chapters.

PhrasesEdit

A phrase is a group of words which contains neither a subject nor a verb. (It may, however, contain a verbal form such as an infinitive, a participle, or a gerund.)[1]

ClausesEdit

A clause is a group of words containing at least a subject and a verb (the baby ate), and frequently it lets its hair down by containing some kind of a complement as well (the baby ate the goldfish). There are two kinds of clauses: independent and dependent.[2]

FormsEdit

There are three forms of a sentence: simple, compound, and complex, and one combined form: compound-complex.

SimpleEdit

CompoundEdit

ComplexEdit

Compound-complexEdit

PurposesEdit

Sentences are created for four main reasons: to declare, to command, to question, and to exclaim.

DeclarativeEdit

ImperativeEdit

InterrogativeEdit

ExclamatoryEdit

Sentence diagramsEdit

Last modified on 4 September 2010, at 20:17