Last modified on 25 July 2014, at 12:17

Diagnostic Radiology/Chest Anatomy

Normal Chest AnatomyEdit

Name and define the three zones of the airways

Define a secondary pulmonary lobule

Define an acinus

List the lobar and segmental bronchi of both lungs

  • Identify the following structures on the posteroanterior (PA) chest radiograph:
  • Lungs -- right, left, right upper, middle and lower lobes, left upper and lower lobes, lingula
  • Fissures -- minor, superior accessory, inferior accessory, azygous
  • Airway - trachea, carina, main bronchi
  • Heart - right atrium, left atrial appendage, left ventricle, location of the four cardiac valves
  • Pulmonary arteries -- main, right, left, interlobar
  • Aorta -- ascending, arch, descending
  • Veins -- superior vena cava, azygous, left superior intercostal ("aortic nipple")
  • Bones -- spine, ribs, clavicles, scapulae, humerus
  • Right paratracheal stripe
  • Junction lines -- anterior, posterior
  • Aortopulmonary window
  • Azygoesophageal recess
  • Paraspinal lines
  • Left subclavian artery

Identify the following structures on the lateral chest radiograph:

  • Lungs -- right, left, right upper, middle and lower lobes, left upper and lower lobes, lingula
  • Fissures n-- major, minor, superior accessory
  • Airway -- trachea, upper lobe bronchi, posterior wall of bronchus intermedius
  • Heart -- right ventricle, right ventricular outflow stripe, left atrium, left ventricle, the location of the four cardiac valves
  • Pulmonary arteries -- right, left
  • Aorta --ascending, arch, descending
  • Veins -- SVC, IVC, left brachiocephalic (innominate), pulmonary vein confluence
  • Bones -- spine, ribs, scapulae, humerus
  • Retrosternal line
  • Posterior tracheal stripe
  • Right and left hemidiaphragms
  • Raiderís triangle
  • Brachiocephalic (innominate) artery