A sweetener is a food additive which adds the basic taste of sweetness to a food; it may come from a natural source or it may be artificially manufactured.
The list below includes the apparent sweetness of the sweetener, when compared to granulated sugar, and also includes the common trademarked names these sweeteners are often sold as.
- acesulfame potassium (also known as Acesulfame-K or Ace-K) - 200x
- aspartame - 160x (trademarked as Equal and Nutrasweet)
- cyclamate (calcium cyclamate or sodium cyclamate) - 30x
- saccharin (also spelled saccarine, saccarin, or saccharine) - 300x (Sweet'n Low)
- stevia - 250x (also called Steviosides, or Sweetleaf. Marketed as a 'Dietary Supplement'. Truvia and PureVia are sweeteners partially derived from Stevia. )
- sucralose (trademarked as Splenda or Splendar) - 600x
- xylitol - 1x (gram for gram); 1.5x (joule for joule)