Last modified on 27 August 2014, at 02:23

Classical Chinese/Lesson 4

TextEdit

Vocabulary & TranslationEdit

  • : The way that can be spoken of is not the constant way. The name that can be named is not the constant name.
    • 道 (dao4) - The first & third: noun the dao, the way, the path; the second: verb to say
    • 可 (ke3) - can, that can be
    • 非 (fei1) - is not
    • 常 (chang2) - eternal(ly), common, constant(ly)
    • 名 (ming2) - The first & third: noun the name; the second: verb to name
  • : Without a name [it is] the beginning of heaven [and] earth. Having a name [it is] the mother of thousands of things.
    • 無 (wu2) - without
    • 天 (tian1) - heaven, the heavens
    • 地 (di4) - land, earth
    • 之 (zhi1) - possessive marker like English 's
    • 始 (shi3) - start, beginning
    • 有 (you3) - to have
    • 萬 (wan4) - 10,000
    • 物 (wu4) - things,
    • 萬物 (wan4 wu4) - the myriad things
    • 母 (mu3) - mother
  • : Therefore constantly [be] without desire in order to see its mystery.
    • 故 (gu4) - reason, cause, therefore
    • 欲 (yu4) - desire
    • 以 (yi3) - in order to
    • 觀 (guan1)- to see
    • 其 (qi2)- his, her, its, their
    • 妙 (miao4) - mystery
  • , : [But] constantly have desire in order to see its frontier.
    • 徼 (jiao4) - frontier, border

Grammar NotesEdit