|Updated King James Version
||Greek Word Pictures
|The Updated Modernity Version
|3:1 There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews:
|1 Now there was one of the Pharisees whose name was Nicodemus−a ruler among the Judeans.
||Transition to a trustworthy
Nicodemus: victorious of his people
|3:2 The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that you do, except God be with him.
||can go on doing
δυναται ποιειν (4160)
|2 He came to Jesus at night and said, "Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher come from God; for no one can perform these signs as you have been doing, unless God is with him.
||Teaching: accredited by God
|3:3 Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.
||be born from above
γεννηθη ανωθεν (509)
|3 "In all truthfulness, I tell you," answered Jesus, "that unless a person is born again he (or she) cannot see the Kingdom of God."
inquirer from the ruling
|3:4 Nicodemus says unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother's womb, and be born?
γερων (1088) ων
|4 "How is it possible," Nicodemus asked, "for a man to be born when he is old? Can he enter his mother's womb the second time and be born again?"
||Proselytize a Judean
official: unheard of
|3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, (o. pneuma) he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
εξ υδατος (5204)
|5 "Again, truthfully I tell you," replied Jesus, "that unless a person is born of water and the Spirit, he (or she) cannot enter the Kingdom of God.
||physical birth: breaking of water
|3:6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit (o. pneuma) is spirit. (o. pneuma)
||of the flesh
εκ της σαρκος (4561)
|6 Whatever is born of woman is of the body, and whatever is born of the Spirit is spirit.
||The gender issue
|3:7 Marvel not that I said unto you, All of you must be born again.
||not begin to wonder
μη θαυμασης (2296)
|7 Do not be astonished at my telling you, `You must all be born again.'
||All are uninitiated.
|3:8 The wind (o. pneuma) blows where it decides, and you hear the sound thereof, but can not tell whence it comes, and where it goes: so is every one that is born of the Spirit. (o. pneuma)
|8 The wind blows wherever it chooses; you hear its sound, but you do not know where it comes from or where it is going. And in the same way everyone who has been born of the Spirit is moved by the Spirit."
||spiritual birth: spirit-driven
|3:9 Nicodemus answered and said unto him, How can these things be?
|9 "Still, how is all this possible?" asked Nicodemus.
||Mind, body, and spiritual exercise
|3:10 Jesus answered and said unto him, Are you a master of Israel, and know not these things?
||teacher of the Israel
διδασκαλος του Ισραηλ
|10 Jesus answered, saying, "Are you ’the Teacher of Israel,' and yet you do not understand these principles?
|| (COPTIC COMMENTS) AR.
IHC answered saying (1:50)
|3:11 Verily, verily, I say unto you, We speak that we do know, and testify that we have seen; and all of you receive not our witness.
|11 In all truthfulness, I tell you that we speak what we know, and give evidence concerning what we have witnessed, and yet, all of you reject our testimony.
||And yet, Pharisees expected
Messiah and resurrection of the dead.
|3:12 If I have told you earthly things, and all of you believe not, how shall all of you believe, if I tell you of heavenly things?
||the celestial [things]
τα επουρανια (2032)
|12 If I have told you of such things on earth and none of you believe me, how will you believe me if I tell you of heavenly things?
||The Absolute Necessities
GR. Urania: vastness of Eternity
|3:13 And no man has ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven.
ουρανου καταβας (2597)
|13 There is no one who has gone up to Heaven, except One who has come down from Heaven, namely the Son of Man whose home is Heaven itself.
||God’s extension ladder
|3:14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up:
||to be elevated [lit. or fig.]
|14 For even as Moses lifted up the serpent in the desert, so must the Son of Man be elevated,
|3:15 That whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life.
ζωην (2222) αιωνιον (166)
|15 in order that everyone who believes in Him may have eternal Life."
||Discussion ends with
|3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
|| So for loved [agape]
Ουτως γαρ ηγαπησεν (25)
|16 For so greatly did God love the world that He gave His only born Son, that everyone who believes in Him should not be subject to death but have eternal Life.
||This Little Gospel: 1 of 4
(Anglican) + MT. 11:28,
I JO. 2:1-2, I TI. 1:15
|3:17 For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved.
||but that should be saved
αλλ ινα σωθη (4982)
|17 For God did not send His Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world might be saved through Him.
||Evangelistic statements by
the author continue with
the "Good News" or Gospel.
|3:18 He that believes on him is not condemned: but he that believes not is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
||already has been judged
ηδη κεκριται (2919)
|18 Believers in Him do not come under condemnation: while those who do not believe have already received their sentence, because of lack of belief in the person of God's only Son.
||AR. name = the person = person
|3:19 And this is the condemnation, that light has come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.
||is the judgment
εστιν η κρισις (2920)
|19 Then this is the judgment process − that the Light has come into the world, and people have loved the darkness rather than the Light, because their deeds have been evil.
||GR. Krisis: Judgment is for an Eternity.
|3:20 For every one that does evil hates the light, neither comes to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.
|| LATIN WORD PICTURES
non venit ad lucem
|20 For every wrongdoer hates the Light, and does not come into the Light, for fear his (or her) actions should be exposed.
||Actions speak louder:
conviction or convicted.
|3:21 But he that does truth comes to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest, that they are wrought in God.
||does the truth
ποιων την αληθειαν (225)
|21 But the one whose actions are true comes into the light, that his (or her) actions may be plainly shown to have been done through God.
||This Little Gospel section
concludes with plain truth
|3:22 After these things came Jesus and his disciples into the land of Judaea; and there he tarried with them, and baptized.
||Judean land *
Ιουδαιαν (2449) γην (1093)
|22 After this, Jesus and His disciples went into the Judean countryside; and there He remained with them and baptized.
||Judea (old southern kingdom)
Samaria (lineage mix) between
Galilee (old northern kingdom)
|3:23 And John also was baptizing in Aenon near to Salim, because there was much water there: and they came, and were baptized.
υδατα (5204) πολλα
|23 And John too was baptizing at Aenon, near Salim, because there were many pools of water there; and a long procession of people came and received baptism.
||M.L.B. (Berkeley) reads
"a continual stream of people came."
|3:24 For John was not yet cast into prison.
την πυλακην (5438)
|24 (For John the Baptist had not yet been thrown into prison.)
||Josephus: prison was Machaerus castle −
east of Dead Sea.
|3:25 Then there arose a question between some of John's disciples and the Jews about purifying.
|25 At that time, John's disciples had a serious discussion with a Judean partisan about purification,
||process of inquiry: a wash
|3:26 And they came unto John, and said unto him, Rabbi, he that was with you beyond Jordan, to whom you bare witness, behold, the same baptizes, and all men come to him.
||forward to the John
προς (4314) τον Ιωαννην
|26 and they came to John with the report, "Rabbi, the one who was with you on the other side of the Jordan, about whom you bore testimony is now baptizing, and many people are turning to him."
|3:27 John answered and said, A man can receive nothing, except it be given him from heaven.
||unless it given
εαν μη η δεδομενον (1325)
|27 "A man cannot gain anything," replied John, "unless it has been given him from Heaven.
|3:28 All of you yourselves bear me witness, that I said, I am not the Christ, but that I am sent before him.
||before that one
εμπροσθεν (1715) εκεινου
|28 You were there when I said, `I am not the Christ,' but, `I am His acknowledged forerunner (1).'
||(1) MT. 11:10-14
|3:29 He that has the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom, which stands and hears him, rejoices greatly because of the bridegroom's voice: this my joy therefore is fulfilled.
||with joy rejoices
χαρα χαιρει (5463)
|29 He who is with the bride is the bridegroom; even so, the bridegroom's friend who stands expectantly by his side, rejoices greatly upon hearing the bridegroom's voice. In this my joy is now complete.
|3:30 He must increase, but I must decrease.
||must go on growing
δει αυξανειν (837)
|30 His work must increase, and mine must decrease.
||As dawn yields to the
rising Sun. MAL. 4:1-6
|3:31 He that comes from above is above all: he that is of the earth is earthly, and speaks of the earth: he that comes from heaven is above all.
||above all is
επανω παντων εστιν
|31 He who comes from above is above. He who comes from the earth not only springs from the earth, but speaks of the earth. He who comes from heaven is above all.
|3:32 And what he has seen and heard, that he testifies; and no man receives his testimony.
||no one receives
ουδεις λαμβανει (2983)
|32 What He has seen and heard, to that He gives testimony; but His evidence no one accepts.
|3:33 He that has received his testimony has set to his seal that God is true.
||hath set his seal
|33 All who accept His testimony have set their seal on the declaration that God is true.
||Declaration of dependence:
in God’s Good Graces
|3:34 For he whom God has sent speaks the words (o. rhema) of God: for God gives not the Spirit (o. pneuma) by measure unto him.
εκ μετρου (3358)
|34 He is the One whom God has sent and speaks God's words; for God does not give the Spirit in small measure."
|3:35 The Father loves the Son, and has given all things into his hand.
||into the hand his
εν τη χειρι (5495) αυτου
|35 The Father loves the Son and has placed everything in His hands.
|3:36 He that believes on the Son has everlasting life: and he that believes not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abides on him.
||one who disbelieves
ο απειθων (544)
|36 Those who believe in the Son have eternal Life; those who do not believe the Son will not experience that Life, but bear the brunt of God's anger.
||brunt Old ENG. brunetha or
heat of passion = GR. orge =