The totality of humans is unthinkable without African people. Likewise, our modern understanding of the world is unthinkable without African science. Yet there seems to be proportionally fewer discussions alluding to African peoples' participation in modern scientific thought. This book explores what science is and to a greater extent what science ought to be, and asks what is meant by someone or something being "scientific". The work of African philosophy of science discussed here is not so much of discovering new facts about African people. But rather it is coordinating indigenous thought for the purpose of guiding a contemporary coherent cognitive orientation in an African world.