ActionScript Programming/PartI/Chapter 3/Number,Boolean,Date

Data typesEdit

NumberEdit

In section General concepts and difference between Number and String data types you understood the difference between String and Number data types. Now we will analyze Number data type in details. The following is the structure of declaring Number variable:

var <name> = new Number( [initnumber] );

The parameter <name> is the name of the variable you want to declare, and the parameter [initnumber] is the value you want the variable to be assigned when it is created.

MethodsEdit

Method Description
toString returns the String representation of the specified String object.
valueOf returns the primitive value type of the specified Number object.
toStringEdit

String.toString( );

This method returns the string representation of the specified String object. You already know the difference between Number and String objects so there is no need to explain why we need this method.

1.   var i = new Number(555);
2.   trace(i.toString());

valueOfEdit

String.valueOf( );

This method returns the primitive value type of the specified Number variable (object).

BooleanEdit

Now lets test the Boolean data type. Add a new button or movie clip in the scene and set its’ name to “testobject”, then open the actions of Frame 1 and write the following in Script pane:

1.   var show = new Boolean(false);
2.   testobject._visible = show;

The first line declares a Boolean variable “show” and sets its’ value to “false”. In the third line we set “testobject’s” property “Visible” to the “show” variable we declared. If you test the movie you won’t see the “testobject”, because the show value is “false” but if you change the word “false” in line 1 to “true” then the object will be shown.

MethodsEdit

Method Description
toString Returns the String representation (“true” or “false”) of the Boolean object.
valueOf returns true if the primitive value type of the specified Boolean object is true, false if it is false.
toStringEdit

String.toString( );

This method returns the string representation of the Boolean object. Now you ask why do you need to use this method if you can do without it by just writing for example: “x=x+true;”, where x is a String variable. To understand the use of “toString” method you must first understand the Boolean data type. Actually the Boolean data type is a masked number data type. The values “true” and “false” are numbers. “true” is 1 and “false” is 0. To test this, we can write a simple code:

1.   var i = new Number();
2.   i = false;
3.   i = i + 0;
4.   trace(i);

If you run the program, you will see “0” in “output window”. Lets understand what we have done. First we declared a Number variable “i”, then assigned “false” to it. If you omit the third line, the output will be “false”. But what have we done? In line three we added 0 to variable “i”. Why have we done this? Because we wanted Flash to think that we added some number to variable “i” which would change the value of it. So it converted the stored “false” value to number and then added 0 to it. Briefly we made Flash convert the value “false” to number. If we write “true” instead of “false” in line 2, then you will see that the traced value is 1. This means that actually “true” and “false” values are numbers and correspondingly equal to 1 and 0.

valueOfEdit

String.valueOf( );

This method returns true if the primitive value type of the specified Boolean object is true, false if it is false.


DateEdit

This is a very complicated data type, it has 37 methods. Now we will learn some of them.

1.   var d = new Date();
2.   
3.   trace("Date: " + d.toString());
4.   trace("Hours: " + d.getHours());
5.   trace("Minutes: " + d.getMinutes());
6.   trace("Seconds: " + d.getSeconds());
7.   trace("Milliseconds: " + d.getMilliseconds());
8.   trace("Year: " + d.getFullYear());
9.   trace("Month: " + d.getMonth());
10.  trace("Date: " + d.getDate());
11.  trace("Day: " + d.getDay());

The first line declares a new Date variable “d”. So now the date is stored there. In lines 3-11 we trace the values of our “d” variable.

MethodsEdit

Method Description
getDate Gets day of month.
getDay Gets day of week.
getFullYear Gets full year.
getHours Gets hour of day.
getMilliseconds Gets milliseconds since last second began.
getMinutes Gets minute of hours.
getMonth Gets month of year.
getSeconds Gets seconds of last minute began.
setDate Sets day of month.
setDay Sets day of week.
setFullYear Sets full year.
setHours Sets hour of day.
setMilliseconds Sets milliseconds since last second began.
setMinutes Sets minute of hours.
setMonth Sets month of year.
setSeconds Sets seconds of last minute began.
toString Returns a string representation of the date/time
Last modified on 3 October 2011, at 18:10